South Georgia Island

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South Georgia
Thatcher-Peninsula.jpg
Central South Georgia
SG-Settlements.png
Map of South Georgia Island
Geography
Location South Atlantic
Archipelago South Georgia group
Length 167.4 km (104.02 mi)
Width 37 km (23 mi)
Highest elevation 2,934 m (9,626 ft)
Highest point Mount Paget
Largest settlement Grytviken
Demographics
Population 20

South Georgia is an island in the southern Atlantic Ocean that is part of the British Overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The main settlement is Grytviken. South Georgia is 167.4 kilometres (104 mi) long and 1.4 to 37 km (0.9 to 23.0 miles) wide.[1] It is about 830 km (520 mi) north-east of Coronation Island and 550 km (340 mi) north-west from Zavodovski Island, the nearest South Sandwich island.

Church at Grytviken

History

The Island of South Georgia is said to have been first sighted in 1675 by Anthony de la Roché, a London merchant, and was named Roche Island on a number of early maps. It was sighted by a commercial Spanish ship named León operating out of Saint-Malo on 28 June or 29 June 1756.[2]

Argentine occupation

On 19 March 1982, a group of Argentinians arrived at Leith Harbour and raised the Argentine flag on the island. On 3 April, the second day of the Falklands War, Argentine naval forces formally annexed the island. South Georgia was retaken by British forces on 25 April during Operation Paraquet.

Geography

The island is classified as an ET or polar tundra climate on the Köppen-Geiger classification system. It has no tree cover, and there is generally snow on the island during the winter months (April-November). The terrain is mountainous, with a central ridge and many fjords and bays along the coast. Additionally, South Georgia is a breeding ground for elephant seals, fur seals, and king penguins.

References

  1. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 2017-07-18. 
  2. ^ "Historia General de las Relaciones Exteriores de la República Argentina: Georgias del Sur" [General History of Foreign Relations of the Argentine Republic: South Georgia Islands]. www.argentina-rree.com (in Spanish). Instituto Iberoamérica y el Mundo. Retrieved 2017-07-18. 
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