South Brisbane, Queensland

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South Brisbane
BrisbaneQueensland
South Brisbane QLD 4101, Australia - panoramio (39).jpg
Grey Street, 2012
South Brisbane is located in Queensland
South Brisbane
South Brisbane
Coordinates 27°28′36″S 153°01′00″E / 27.47665°S 153.01667°E / -27.47665; 153.01667Coordinates: 27°28′36″S 153°01′00″E / 27.47665°S 153.01667°E / -27.47665; 153.01667
Population 7,196 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density 3,600/km2 (9,320/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 4101
Area 2.0 km2 (0.8 sq mi)
LGA(s) City of Brisbane (The Gabba Ward)[2]
State electorate(s) South Brisbane
Federal Division(s) Griffith
Suburbs around South Brisbane:
Milton Brisbane City Brisbane City
West End South Brisbane Brisbane City
West End Highgate Hill Woolloongabba

South Brisbane is an inner city suburb of Brisbane, Australia on the southern bank of the Brisbane River, directly connected to the central business district by the Kurilpa, Victoria and Goodwill bridges. Its population was estimated to be 7,196 at the 2016 Australian Census.[1]

Modern public transport services include suburban train stations at South Brisbane and South Bank and South East Busway stations at Cultural Centre, South Bank, and Mater Hill. CityCat ferry services link South Brisbane to other riverside suburbs.

Demographics

In the 2011 census the population of South Brisbane was 5,416, 48.8% female and 51.2% male. The median age of the South Brisbane population was 30 years, seven years below the Australian median. One-third of the population (33.3%) were aged in their twenties, compared to 13.8% nationally. 44.2% of people living in South Brisbane were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%.[3] The other top responses for country of birth were England 3.8%, New Zealand 3.7%, China 3.3%, Korea, Republic of 3%, India 2%. 57.2% of people spoke only English at home; the next most popular languages were 5.5% Mandarin, 2.8% Korean, 2.7% Cantonese, 2.1% Greek, 1.9% Arabic. The most common religious affiliation was "No Religion" (30%); the next most common responses were Catholic (19%), Anglican (8.5%), Buddhism (4.6%) and Islam (3.8%).

History

View of South Brisbane c.1895
View from River Terrace c.1895
Mater Health Services hospital was founded in 1906

Known, along with West End and Highgate Hill as Kurilpa (Water Rat) to the local indigenous people, the area remains important in indigenous life. Musgrave Park has been for many years a place of congregation for the Murri peoples of south-east Queensland. It is the site of a bora ring that has been buried. The Ngundari and Jagara groups were drawn to the river at South Brisbane for fishing and gunyah building.[4]

European settlement commenced with the first land sales in 1843, followed by the development of wharves along the bank of the Brisbane River. The first street in the area was called Stanley Quay, later to become Stanley Street.[4] Commercials buildings and hotels developed around the Russell Street area. By the 1850s there were over 100 residences in the area.[5] Due to its proximity to wharves the area became the place where bullock drovers stayed and relaxed. Thomas Baines visited Brisbane in 1855 and depicted South Brisbane in a painting titled 'South Brisbane from North Brisbane', 13 years later.[4] South Brisbane Recreation Reserve (now known as Musgrave Park) was created in 1856.[5]

In 1867, it was proposed to build a public grammar school adjacent to the reserve.[6] However it was not until 1925 that Brisbane State High School moved to the site (having first been established in 1921 at old Normal School on the corner of Adelaide and Edward Street)[7]

In 1884, the railway to the south was opened with a terminus at South Brisbane. As a result, South Brisbane experienced a construction boom. In 1888, South Brisbane became an independent municipality, initially as the Borough of South Brisbane and then becoming the City of South Brisbane in 1903. In 1925 the City of South Brisbane was amalgamated into the City of Greater Brisbane.[8] The first electric tramway in Brisbane ran along Stanley Street in South Brisbane on 16 June 1897.[9]

South Brisbane Memorial Park, 2010

The South Brisbane Memorial Park commemorates those of South Brisbane who died in World War I. On 20 May 1921 the South Brisbane City Council set aside a triangular block land bounded by Stanley Street, Vulture Street and Sidon Street opposite the South Brisbane Town Hall. On 6 August 1923 the park was dedicated Governor-General of Australia, Henry Forster.[10][11]

South Brisbane gained a seedy reputation with many pubs, brothels and boarding houses among warehouses with few homes. It was unofficially declared the cities 'black' area during World War II.[4] The suburb was previously heavily industrialised. Its regeneration began when it was selected as the location of World Expo '88, which was built on former wharves and industrial land. Following Expo '88, South Bank Parklands was built on the former Expo site. South Brisbane has emerged as fashionable, high density, modern residential area, given its proximity to the city centre and good public transport links.

Heritage listings

Being one of the older parts of Brisbane and an area of greater cultural heritage, South Brisbane has a number of heritage-listed buildings:

In addition, the Richard Randall Art Studio used to be located in South Brisbane, but it was relocated to Toowong in 2007.[31]

Education

There are a number of educational institutions in South Brisbane including:

South Bank

Streets Beach in the South Bank Parklands.

The South Bank precinct in South Brisbane contains many notable attractions.

South Bank Parklands

The South Bank Parklands are one of Brisbane's most popular tourist attractions. The parklands are home to many restaurants and café's as well as landmarks such as the Queensland Conservatorium, the Wheel of Brisbane, the Nepal Peace Pagoda, Streets Beach, and the Grand Arbour. Approximately 11,000,000 people visit the South Bank Parklands each year.[32]

Grey Street and Little Stanley Street

South Bank Cinemas on Grey Street.

A number of Brisbane's most popular restaurants and fashion boutiques are located on Grey Street, and Little Stanley Street which it runs parallel to.[33][34] The South Bank Cinemas are also located on Grey Street, along with two five star hotels.[35]

Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre

Entrance to Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre.

The Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre contains 24 meeting and event spaces including four exhibition halls with a combined area of 20,000m² and an auditorium capable of seating 8,000.[36] The venue has received 107 industry awards, making it the most awarded convention centre in Australia.[37] The centre has also been ranked among the top three convention centres worldwide by the Association Internationale des Palais de Congres (AIPC).[37]

Queensland Maritime Museum

The Queensland Maritime Museum is located next to the Goodwill Bridge at the southern end of the South Bank Parklands. It houses a two level exhibition building, a library, a dry dock, a lighthouse and several retired vessels.

Queensland Cultural Centre

Exterior of the Queensland Gallery of Modern Art.

The Queensland Cultural Centre consists of:

Griffith University

The South Bank campus of Griffith University includes the Queensland Conservatorium and the Queensland College of Art and the Griffith Film School.

Southbank Institute of Technology

The Southbank Institute of Technology spreads over several blocks between the railway line and Merivale Street.

Business

Mater Health Services provides a wide range of public and private medical services in the area to the south of the suburb around Mater Hill and close to its border with Woolloongabba.

A number of major corporations have recently[when?] established offices in new buildings along Grey Street and Melbourne Street.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "South Brisbane (Brisbane City) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2017.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "census16" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ "The Gabba Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 19 March 2017. 
  3. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "South Brisbane (Brisbane City) (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d de Vries, Susanna; Jake de Vries (2003). Historic Brisbane: Convict Settlement to River City. Brisbane, Australia: Pandanus Press. p. 118. ISBN 0-9585408-4-5. 
  5. ^ a b "South Brisbane". Queensland Places. University of Queensland. Retrieved 9 August 2011. 
  6. ^ "PUBLIC GRAMMAR SCHOOL—A SUGGESTION". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 28 October 1867. p. 3. Retrieved 9 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "Reflections of State High in the 1920s". History of Brisbane State High School. Brisbane State High School. Retrieved 9 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Introducing The Chambers". Connections. 9 (2). 2 September 2011. 
  9. ^ Ford, Garry (2008). Carolyn Fitz-Gerald, ed. "Trams, tramways and termini". Brisbane:Water, Power and Industry Paper No. 20. Kelvin Grove, Queensland: Brisbane History Group: 62. ISBN 978-0-9751793-3-8. 
  10. ^ "A MEMORIAL PARK". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 7 August 1923. p. 7. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "South Brisbane Memorial Park". Monument Australia. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  12. ^ "Allgas Building (entry 600295)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Collins Place (entry 600296)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Expo 88 Nepalese Peace Pagoda (entry 602519)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "Plough Inn (entry 600294)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  16. ^ "Coorooman (entry 600224)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  17. ^ "William Jolly Bridge (entry 601694)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  18. ^ "Queensland Cultural Centre (entry 602844)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 February 2018. 
  19. ^ "South Brisbane Railway Station (entry 600307)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  20. ^ "Queensland National Bank (former), South Brisbane Branch (entry 602134)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  21. ^ "St Mary's Catholic Church (entry 602187)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  22. ^ "Brisbane State High School, Block H (entry 601222)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  23. ^ "Coronation Hotel (entry 600298)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  24. ^ "Former Victoria Bridge Abutment (entry 600303)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "South Brisbane Dry Dock (entry 600301)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  26. ^ "South Brisbane Railway Easement (entry 600293)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  27. ^ "South Brisbane Library (former) (entry 600302)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  28. ^ "St Andrews Anglican Church (entry 600304)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  29. ^ "Somerville House (entry 600305)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  30. ^ "South Brisbane Municipal Chambers (former) (entry 600306)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  31. ^ "Richard Randall Art Studio (entry 600299)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2010. 
  33. ^ http://www.southbankcorporation.com.au/grey-street-boulevard[permanent dead link]
  34. ^ http://www.southbankcorporation.com.au/little-stanley-street
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 January 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2010. 
  36. ^ http://www.bcec.com.au/venue-and-services/rooms.aspx
  37. ^ a b http://www.bcec.com.au/index.aspx

External links

  • South Brisbane section of Ourbrisbane.com via the Wayback Machine
  • University of Queensland: Queensland Places: South Brisbane
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