9M337 Sosna-R

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9M337 Sosna-R
Type Surface to air missile
Place of origin Russian Federation
Service history
Used by Russian Federation
Specifications
Warhead 1xFragmented-rod warhead
1xAP-Frag warhead
Detonation
mechanism
Combined impact/proximity laser fuze

Operational
range
10km
Flight altitude 10km
Speed 4mach
Guidance
system
Laser guidance
Radio guidance
Launch
platform
Sosna vehicle
Palma CIWS
Palash CIWS

The 9M337 Sosna-R (Pine) (SA-24) [1][2] is a Russian radar and laser-guided supersonic (Mach 4) two-stage missile. It is used in Sosna-R short range air defense missile system designed to protect military units from air attacks in all types of combat situations, including during march, that was developed by KB Tochmash as a successor to 9K35 Strela-10. It is a cheaper alternative to the Tor missile system and Pantsir-S1 and designed to work in passive mode with the help of different imaging systems (thermal camera, TV camera) and a laser rangefinder in order to find and engage a target. Sosna-R is able to operate effectively under the control of various types of old, modern and prospective battery command posts, the most preferable of which is the FPU "Assembly-M1-2" (9S80M1-2) and is resistant to jamming. It uses a tracked SAM launcher with 12 missiles of 10 km range and altitude of 10 km, based on the MT-LB vehicle. Those 12 missiles can be reloaded in 12 minutes.[3][4] The Sosna can also deliver fire while on the move.[5] The system has a crew of two: the driver and gunner. The system is armed with 12 9M340 missiles that are held in their transport-launch containers and arranged in two banks of six.[6] Sosna-R hyper-velocity beam rider 38 kg missiles are two-stage, capable of destroying aircraft, helicopters, missiles, cruise missiles, aerial bombs, small-sized air attack weapons including elements of high-precision weapons and light armored vehicles. The missile can change direction mid-flight.[7][8] It also has a combined impact/proximity laser fuze. Its payload is made up of two warheads weighing a total of 7 kg. The fragmented-rod warhead is designed for proximity detonation when flying close to the target, while the armor-piercing/fragmentation (AP-Frag) warhead goes off on impact.[9] The system has high resistance to jamming and besides its passive mode of operation it can be equipped with additional small-size acquisition radar. In 2017, official tests of the newest air defense missile system Bagulnik (domestic variant which is currently named Strela-10ML) were successfully completed.[10][11][12][13]

Range

Within 8-10 (≤ 20) km.

Variants

  • Sosna A weapon module for MBT, IFV, APC, AFV
  • Sosna RA for AFV, MBT, IFV, APC
  • Palash CIWS
  • Palma CIWS

Users

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sosna short-range air defense missile system technical data sheet specifications pictures video 11312155 | Russia Russian missile system vehicle UK | Russia Russian army military equipment vehicles UK". 
  2. ^ "9K338 9M342 Igla-S / SA-24 Grinch". 
  3. ^ Administrator. "Sosna short-range air defense missile system technical data sheet specifications pictures video 11312155 - Russia Russian missile system vehicle UK - Russia Russian army military equipment vehicles UK". www.armyrecognition.com. 
  4. ^ Pike, John. "9K338 9M342 Igla-S / SA-24 Grinch". 
  5. ^ http://tass.com/defense/1018157
  6. ^ https://www.janes.com/article/82554/army-2018-russia-unveils-sosna-shorad-system-production-version
  7. ^ http://defense-update.com/products/s/Sosna-R.htm
  8. ^ http://www.deagel.com/Defensive-Weapons/Sosna-R_a001903001.aspx
  9. ^ https://armyrecognition.com/army-2018_news_russia_online_show_daily/russian_sosna_air_defense_missile_system_unveiled_at_army-2018.html
  10. ^ https://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=3001367
  11. ^ https://sputniknews.com/russia/201803301063058510-russia-air-defense-missile-system/
  12. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gQozwtvSAiQ
  13. ^ "Tłumacz Google". 
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