Socotra sparrow

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Socotra sparrow
Passer insularis Smit.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Passeridae
Genus: Passer
P. insularis
Binomial name
Passer insularis
Sclater and Hartlaub, 1881[2]

The Socotra sparrow (Passer insularis) is a passerine bird endemic to the islands of Socotra, Samhah, and Darsah in the Indian Ocean, off the Horn of Africa.[3][4] The taxonomy of this species and its relatives is complex, with some authorities, including BirdLife International, recognising this species and the very similar Abd al-Kuri sparrow, as well as several from mainland Africa, as separate,[5][6] and others lumping all these species and the probably unrelated Iago sparrow.[7]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Passer insularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Sclater, P. L.; Hartlaub, G. (1881). "On the Birds collected in Socotra by Prof. I. B. Balfour". Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London for the Year 1881. pp. 165–175.
  3. ^ Balfour, I. B.; Forbes, Henry O. (1903). "The Birds of Sokotra". In Forbes, Henry O. (ed.). The Natural History of Sokotra and Abd-el-kuri. London: R. H. Porter.
  4. ^ Shelley 1902, pp. 238–239
  5. ^ BirdLife International (2010). "Species factsheet: Passer insularis". Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  6. ^ Kirwan, Guy M. (2008). "Studies of Socotran Birds III. Morphological and mensural evidence for a 'new' species in the Rufous Sparrow Passer motitensis complex endemic to the island of Abd 'Al Kuri, with the validation of Passer insularis Sclater & Hartlaub, 1881". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 128 (2): 83–93.
  7. ^ Summers-Smith 1988, p. 92
Works cited
  • Sharpe, R. Bowdler (1888). Catalogue of the Passeriformes, or Perching Birds, in the Collection of the British Museum. Fringilliformes: Part III. Containing the Family Fringillidæ.
  • Shelley, G. E. (1902). The Birds of Africa, Comprising All the Species Which Occur in the Ethiopian Region. III. London: R. H. Porter.
  • Summers-Smith, J. Denis (1988). The Sparrows. illustrated by Robert Gillmor. Calton, Staffs, England: T. & A. D. Poyser. ISBN 0-85661-048-8.

External links

  • Pictures of the Socotra sparrow
  • Socotra sparrow at the Internet Bird Collection

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