Smith Sound, Newfoundland and Labrador

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Smith Sound is located in Newfoundland
Smith Sound
Smith Sound
Location of Smith Sound in Newfoundland

Smith Sound is a zigzag 24 kilometer inner region of Trinity Bay. This sound is one of the longest portions of inshore waterways in Newfoundland, located on its north-eastern coast in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Bonavista Peninsula is to the north of the sound, while Random Island is to the south. The waters that make up the sound is a continuous channel that encircles Random Island, broken only by a narrow channel located at Clarenville where a causeway was built to provide access to the communities on Random Island. The channel on the south side of Random Island is North West Arm.

Early history

The area was visited seasonally by fishermen in the 18th century, and first settled in the 19th century. On September 5, 1822, William Cormack sailed through Smith Sound to explore the region with Sylvester Joe, a Mi'kmaq guide. [1][2] Cormack's account of his travels were published in 1824 and republished in 1856.[3]

Permanent residents settled in during the 1850s through 1870s. In addition to the fishery industry, others were involved in sawmilling and slate quarrying. Towns abounded on both shores. Some changed or merged over the years, but a partial list includes White Rock and Burnt Brook (or "Brickyard"),[4] the site of an 1850s brick plant at the head of Smith Sound,[5] along with British Harbour, also at the head of Smith Sound, but now an abandoned community, as is Popes (or Pope's) Harbour. Other communities included Britannia, Lower Lance Cove, and Petly,[6] (now Petley, Random Island's second largest community, a merger of two original communities of Upper Lance Cove and Aspen cove).[7] George's Brook was settled early on, around 1862, after John Pelley started a saw mill. King's Cove was renamed Milton in 1910. Sandy Point became Harcourt, White rock Gin Cove, Upper Rocky Brook became Monroe. Daniel's Cove became Waterville. Burgum's Cove was renamed Burgoyne's Cove in honor of a British general, John Burgoyne, who spent time in the area in the late 18th century.[8]

Present day

1953 Nut Cove tragedy

On the north shore of Smith Sound, across from Britannia, lies Nut Cove, the site of a slate quarry run by three brothers, William Carberry, George Carberry and Jubal Carberry, during 1850-1900.[5][9] Approximately 100 years later, it became better known as the inclement-weather crash site of an American Convair B-36 bomber known as The Peacemaker, killing all on board on March 18, 1953, including Brigadier General Richard E. Ellsworth. The flight originated in the Azores and was bound for the plane's home in Rapid City Air Force Base, South Dakota, renamed Ellsworth Air Force Base.[10] The calamity claimed more lives that night when all on board a second plane, a Boeing SB-29 Superfortress from Harmon Air Force Base in Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador spotted the downed Convair, then disappeared, the plane and crew never seen again.[11]

Industry

In addition to its jellyfish harvesting industry,[12] Smith Sound is known for its large Atlantic cod population. Fourteen-year-old cod are not unusual here.[13]

2003 frozen cod mystery

In April 2003, thousands of dead cod, a weight of approximately a quarter-million pounds, washed up on the shores of the sound within a few days, called an ecological disaster, prompting scientific research into the cause.[14] After an interview with DFO scientist John Brattey, CBC St. John’s news website posted:

Brattey says the water remains the coldest that the department has ever recorded in the area, and some fish will continue to die. He says tests show some of the cod have an anti-freeze protein, while others don't. Otherwise, the dead cod appears to have been healthy up until it was instantly frozen by contact with ice crystals. Brattey says the organs of the dead cod are frozen solid, even though the flesh of the fish is pliable.[15]

Tourism

See also

References

  1. ^ J.K. Hiller (1998). "The Newfoundland Interior "The Beothuk Phase"". heritage.nf.ca. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
  2. ^ "Cemeteries #3080". new-westminster.bc.ca. Archived from the original on 2010-06-17. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
  3. ^ "Newfoundland Biography (1497-2004)". marianopolis.edu. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
  4. ^ "NF-TRINITYBAY-L Archives". rootsweb.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  5. ^ a b "Chapter IV: Coal, Quarries and Concessions (continued)". heritage.nf.ca. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  6. ^ Kevin Elliott. "History of Random Island". clarenville.newfoundland.ws. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  7. ^ Sharon Martin. "Random Island Charter". nfinteractive.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  8. ^ "Community Profiles". clarenville.newfoundland.ws. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  9. ^ M.J. Batterson; D.M. Taylor. "Quaternary geology and till geochemistry of the Bonavista Peninsula" (PDF). heritage.nf.ca. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  10. ^ "Convair B-36 Crash Reports and Wreck Sites". air-and-space.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  11. ^ Bonnie Jarvis-Lowe. "They shall mount up with wings as eagles". clarenville.newfoundland.ws. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  12. ^ "Fisheries Diversification Program". gov.nl.ca. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  13. ^ George A. Rose (2003). "The Future of Cod". 96 (4, Issue #411). newfoundlandquarterly.ca. Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  14. ^ "Dead cod continue to wash up on Nfld. shores". CTV.ca. April 10, 2003. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
  15. ^ Debbie MacKenzie (April 7, 2003). "Northern cod discovered 'belly up' in Newfoundland …were they frozen, starved or suffocated?". fisherycrisis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  16. ^ "Trinity North-a truly special place". rosswiseman.ca. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2007-11-06.

Further reading

  • Cormack, W. E. (1824). Account of a Journey Across the Island of Newfoundland. Edinburgh: Printed for A. Constable.
  • Cormack, W. E. (1828). Report of Mr. W.E. Cormack's Journey in Search of the Red Indians in Newfoundland Read Before the Bœothick Institution of St. John's, Newfoundland. S.l: s.n. ISBN 0-665-61101-3
  • Cormack, W. E. (1856). Narrative of a Journey Across the Island of Newfoundland. St. John's, Nfld.?: s.n. ISBN 0-665-22559-8
  • Dunbar, M. J. (1951). Eastern Arctic Waters A Summary of Our Present Knowledge of the Physical Oceanography of the Eastern Arctic Sea, from Hudson Bay to Cape Farewell and from Belle Isle to Smith Sound. Ottawa: Fisheries Research Board of Canada.
  • Matthew, George Frederic (1899). The Etcheminian Fauna of Smith Sound, Newfoundland.
  • Rideout, R., M. Burton, and G. Rose (2000). "Observations on Mass Atresia and Skipped Spawning in Northern Atlantic Cod, from Smith Sound, Newfoundland". Journal of Fish Biology. 57, no. 6: 1429-1440.
  • Rose, George A. (2003). "Monitoring Coastal Northern Cod: Towards an Optimal Survey of Smith Sound, Newfoundland". ICES Journal of Marine Science : Journal Du Conseil. 60, no. 3: 453.
  • Rose, George A. (2000). Acoustic Surveys of Smith Sound, Trinity Bay, 1995-2000. Ottawa: Canadian Stock Assessment Secretariat.

External links

  • Photos - from nvo.com
  • Photos - from infonet.st-johns.nf.ca
  • Map - from infonet.st-johns.nf.ca[permanent dead link]
  • Government report on the April 2003 cod incident - Oceanography Committee, ICES/GLOBEC Working Group at Archive.is (archived 2012-12-09)

Coordinates: 48°09′27″N 53°41′47″W / 48.15750°N 53.69639°W / 48.15750; -53.69639

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