Sixth of February Battalion

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sixth of February Battalion
Active 1937-1938
Country French and Belgian
Allegiance Flag of Spain (1931–1939).svg Spain
Branch Emblem of the International Brigades.svg International Brigades
Type Battalion - Infantry
Role Home Defence
Part of XV International Brigade
XIV International Brigade
Engagements Battle of Jarama
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Gabriel Fort

The 4th or 15th "Sixth of February" Battalion (French: Bataillon Six-Février, Spanish: Batallón Seis de Febrero) was a Franco-Belgian International Brigade battalion during the Spanish Civil War. The Battalion served in the XV and XIV International Brigades.

History

It was founded on 20 December 1936, but was not active until 31 January 1937, and was formed mainly by French and Belgian volunteers, although it also included Algerian, Moroccan, Tangier, Greek, Syrian, American, Chinese, Israelite and Hungarian troops. The name of the unit was in reference to the violent demonstration of 6 February 1934 in Paris, which was lead by far-right leagues against the left-wing French parlament.[1]:582

Until mid-1937, it was part of the XV International Brigade. The Frenchman Gabriel Fort was its commander until 12 February 1937, when he was severly wounded during the Battle of Jarama, where the unit fought between 11 and 27 February. Then, the Romanian Émile Schneiberg took command until his death two days later in the same battle.[1]:582 On 4 August 1937 it was moved to the XIV International Brigade, and comprised three companies of riflemen.[2]:62 The 1st Company had a machine-gun section. Gabriel Fort was designated commander again on 7 August, but lost his vision in Villanueva de la Cañada during the following fights. It was part of the XIV International Brigade Bis between 27 September 1937 and 23 February 1938, but it belonged again to the XIV until its dissolution on 22 April 1938.[3]:210

References

  1. ^ a b Castells, Andreu (1974). Las Brigadas Internacionales en la Guerra de España. Esplugues de Llobregat: Ariel. ISBN 8434424606. 
  2. ^ Mugnai, Bruno (2010). Volontari Stranieri e le Brigate Internazionali in Spagna (1936-39). Zanica: Soldiershop. ISBN 9788896519394. 
  3. ^ Beevor, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain: the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 (Rev. ed.). London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-2978-4832-1. 


Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sixth_of_February_Battalion&oldid=847370312"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sixth_of_February_Battalion
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Sixth of February Battalion"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA