Siwan district

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Siwan district
District of Bihar
Location of Siwan district in Bihar
Location of Siwan district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Saran
Headquarters Siwan, Bihar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Siwan
 • Assembly seats Siwan, Ziradei, Darauli, Raghunathpur, Daraunda, Barharia, Goriakothi, Maharajganj
Area
 • Total 2,219 km2 (857 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,318,186
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 71.59 per cent
 • Sex ratio 984
Major highways NH 85
Website Official website

Siwan district is one of the districts of Bihar state, India. Siwan town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Siwan district is a part of Saran Division since 1972. The town is known for its great past especially for First President of Indian Republic who belonged to Jeeradei.[1] [2] The district was previously also known as Aliganj Siwan after the name of Raja Ali Bux Khan. Siwan has historical and mythological importance attached to it. Member of Parliament from Siwan is Om Prakash Yadav.[3]

The district occupies an area of 2,219 square kilometres (857 sq mi).[4]

History

Siwan district, situated in the western part of the state, was originally a sub-division of Saran district, which in ancient time formed a part of Kosala Kingdom.[5] Siwan became a fully-fledged district when it was split from Saran in 1976.[6]

Siwan derived its name from "Shiva Man", a Bandh Raja whose heirs ruled this area till Babar’s arrival. The meaning of "Siwan" is border, previously it used to be the border district of "Bihar". Maharajganj, which is another subdivision of Siwan district, may have found its name from the seat of the Maharaja there. A recently excavated marvelous statue of Lord Vishnu at Bherbania village from underneath a tree indicates that there were large numbers of followers of Lord Vishnu. It is now dominated by Yadavs and Rajputs.[7]

Siwan was a part of Banaras Kingdom during the 8th century. Muslims came here in the 13th century. Sikandar Lodi brought this area under his kingdom in the 15th century. Babar crossed Ghaghra river near Siswan in his return journey. By the end of the 17th century, the Dutch came first; followed by the English. After the battle of Buxar in 1765, it became a part of Bengal. Siwan played an important role in 1857 independence movement. It is famous for the stalwart and sturdy ‘Bhoj-puries’, who have always been noted for their martial spirit and physical endurance and from whom the army and police personnel were largely drawn. A good number of them rebelled and rendered their services to Babu Kunwar Singh. The last ruler of Siwan was Raja Ismail Ali Khan.The anti pardah movement in Bihar was started by Sri Braj Kishore Prasad who also belonged to Siwan in response to the Non Co-Operative movement in 1920.[5]

Demographics

Religions in Siwan District
Religion Percent
Hindus
81.45%
Muslims
18.26%
Not Stated
0.17%
Christian
0.08%
Sikh
0.01%
Buddhist
0.01%
Jain
0.01%

According to the 2011 census Siwan district has a population of 3,318,176.[8] This gives it a ranking of 101st in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 1,495 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,870/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.25%.[8] Siwan has a sex ratio of 984females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 71.59%.[8]

Administrative Division

Siwan is divided into 2 sub-divisions, 19 Blocks, 3 municipality (city councils) and 293 gram-panchayat (village councils). There are total 1528 villages in Siwan District.[1]

Subdivision CD Block Hindi name Area (KM2) Population (2011)
2 19 १९ 2,219 33,30,464
Siwan Andar आंदर 120.41 110,027
Siwan Barharia बरहरिया 177.27 321,292
Siwan Darauli दरौली 172.80 174,357
Siwan Guthani गुठनी 91.70 128,155
Siwan Hasanpura हसनपुरा 96.56 149,580
Siwan Hussainganj हुसैनगंज 85.37 182,794
Siwan Mairwa मैरवा 69.17 113,499
Siwan Nautan नौतन 65.39 90,714
Siwan Panchrukhi पंचरुखी 124.33 201,759
Siwan Raghunathpur रघुनाथपुर 156.03 157,694
Siwan Siswan सिसवां 115.78 153,953
Siwan Siwan सिवान 137.34 340,983
Siwan Ziradei जीरादेई 124.03 163,752
Maharajganj Lakri Nabiganj लकरी नबीगंज 95.21 1,28,899
Maharajganj Goriakothi गोरेयाकोठी 138 223,709
Maharajganj Basantpur बसंतपुर 62.22 1,05,229
Maharajganj Bhagwanpur Hat भगवानपुर हाट 149.40 2,20,651
Maharajganj Maharajganj महाराजगंज 115.48 1,90,217
Maharajganj Daraundha दरौंधा 126.60 1,73,200

Urban councils

There are 3 urban councils in Siwan district they are categorised as Municipality. Nagar Parishad and Nagar Panchayat are a form of municipality.

City council Council's type Hindi name part of (Block) Area (KM²) Population (2011)
Siwan Nagar Parishad सिवान नगर परिषद Siwan 13.05 1,35,66
Mairwa Nagar Panchayat मैरवा नगर पंचायत Mairwa 6.23 23,565
Maharajganj Nagar Panchayat महाराजगंज नगर पंचायत Maharajganj 7.60 24,282

Village councils

There are 293 Gram panchayats and 1528 villages in Siwan district grouped into 19 blocks. A gram-panchayat may have a large village or more villages.[1]

Block Village councils
Basantpur Baiju Barhoga, Basantpur, Basaon, Kanhauli, Kumkumpur, Molanapur, Rajapur, Sareya srikant, Suryapura
Bhagwanpur Hat Balahan arazi, Bansohi, Barka gaon, Bhikhampur, Bilaspur, Bithuna, Brahmasthan, Brahmasthan, Gopalpur, Kauria, Kherwa, Mahamada, Mahamadpur, Mirjumala, Morakhas, Sagar Sultanpur dakshin, Sagar Sultanpur uttar, Sahasaraon, Sankarpur, Saraya parauli, Sondhani
Maharajganj
Daraundha
Lakri Nabiganj
Goriakothi
Andar
Barharia
Darauli
Guthani
Hasanpura
Hussainganj
Mairwa
Nautan
Panchrukhi
Raghunathpur
Siswan
Siwan
Ziradei

References

  1. ^ a b c http://siwan.bih.nic.in. "An Official Website of Siwan". Archived from the original on 2009-04-22.
  2. ^ https://www.siwanonline.com. "Latest News of Siwan". Archived from the original on 2017-12-22.
  3. ^ Mehta, Dr. Arun C. "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Archived from the original on 2010-04-14.
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-17. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
  6. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Archived from the original on 2011-10-17. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  7. ^ "This week: Bihar - Indian Express". Archived from the original on 2013-08-13.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-09-30.

External links

Coordinates: 26°12′00″N 84°24′00″E / 26.2000°N 84.4000°E / 26.2000; 84.4000

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