Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Treaty of Friendship and Alliance
Signed 14 August 1945 (1945-08-14)
Expiry 24 February 1953 (1953-02-24)
Signatories

The Treaty of Friendship and Alliance (Traditional Chinese:友好同盟條約) is a 1945 treaty signed by the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics at 14 August 1945. At the time, Soviet and Mongolian troops were occupying Inner Mongolia and other Chinese territory, having seized it from the Japanese during World War II. In a declaration made in connection with the treaty, China accepted the independence of Outer Mongolia within its previous borders (disavowing any Pan-Mongolist intentions of the occupiers), provided that a referendum on the issue be held and that the Soviet Union ceased aiding the Chinese Communist Party.[1] Furthermore, the two nations agreed upon joint control of the Chinese Eastern Railway and to facilitate its eventual return to full Chinese sovereignty.[2]

However, the ROC noticed that the Soviet Union secretly and continuously supported Chinese Communist Party and People's Liberation Army which were opposed to the ruling Kuomintang and the government of ROC, as well as the Mongolian People's Republic. The relation collapsed when Chinese Communist Party claimed the People's Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949 and the Soviet Union recognized it. The UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 505 on 1 February 1952, which confirmed that the Soviet Union had violated the terms of the treaty by assisting the Chinese Communist Party during the Chinese Civil War. On 24 February 1953, the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China voted to officially terminate its commitments to the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance as well, thereby rescinding its recognition of the independence of the Mongolian People's Republic.

See also

References

  1. ^ Atwood, Christopher (2005). "Poems of Fraternity: Literary Responses to the Attempted Reunification of Inner Mongolia and the Mongolian People's Republic". In Kara, György. The Black Master: Essays on Central Eurasia in Honor of György Kara on His 70th Birthday. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 2. 
  2. ^ Zhang Shengfa, "Return of the Chinese Changchun Railway to China by the USSR." In Manchurian Railways and the Opening of China, 171-94. 1st ed. Vol. 1. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Group, 2010. p, 171.

External links

  • China, Soviet Union: Treaty of Friendship and Alliance
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sino-Soviet_Treaty_of_Friendship_and_Alliance&oldid=847493813"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Soviet_Treaty_of_Friendship_and_Alliance
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA