Simeulue parrot

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Simeulue parrot
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittaculidae
Subfamily: Psittaculinae
Tribe: Psittaculini
Genus: Psittinus
Blyth, 1842
Species: P. abbotti
Binomial name
Psittinus abbotti
Richmond, 1902

The Simeulue parrot (Psittinus abbotti) is a species of parrot endemic to two small islands off Sumatra. It was once considered a subspecies of the Blue-rumped parrot (Psittinus cyanurus).

Description

The Simeulue parrot is a small, short-tailed bird of stocky build, measuring approximately 19 cm. It has a bright green colouration, which in adult males is accented by a blue face with a green crown and a black collar. It differs from the Blue-rumped parrot in its larger size, the lack of grey mantle and back, lack of blue rump, green instead of brown head colouration in the female, and blue head colouration in the male.[1][2]

Distribution and conservation status

The species is restricted to Simeulue and Siumat islands off north-west Sumatra. Estimates of total population size are uncertain, ranging from 5000 up to 47000 birds. While there is no current indication of population decline, the Simeulue parrot has been classified as near threatened by the IUCN due to its limited distribution and likely present and future loss of habitat to mining and agriculture.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2014). "Psittinus abbotti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Simeulue Parrot (Psittinus abbotti)". Handbook of the Birds of the World. 


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