Sikaiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sikaiana
Native name: Stewart Islands
ISS002-E-6385sikaiana.PNG
NASA picture of Sikaiana Atoll]
Sikaiana is located in Solomon Islands
Sikaiana
Sikaiana
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Archipelago Solomon Islands
Area 2 km2 (0.77 sq mi)
Administration
Solomon Islands (de facto)
United States (disputed)
Demographics
Population 249 (2009)
Sikaiana is located in Pacific Ocean
Sikaiana
Sikaiana
Location of Sikaiana Atoll in the Pacific Ocean

Sikaiana (formerly called the Stewart Islands) is a small atoll 212 kilometres (132 miles) NE of Malaita in Solomon Islands in the south Pacific Ocean. It is almost 14 kilometres (8.7 miles) in length and its lagoon, known as Te Moana, is totally enclosed by the coral reef. Its total land surface is only 2 square kilometres (0.77 square miles). There is no safe anchorage close to this atoll, which makes it often inaccessible to outsiders.

Geography

Sikaiana is a remote tropical coral atoll located at Latitude: 8° 25' 0 South and Longitude: 162° 52' 0 East, over 200 kilometres from any other islands. The main island at Sikaiana atoll, located at the easternmost corner, is called Sikaiana. The three small islands in the west of the atoll are Tehaolei, Matuiloto and Matuavi. There are also two artificial islands on the reef, Te Palena and Hakatai'atata.

History

Administratively Sikaiana is governed as an outlying region of Malaita Province in Solomon Islands. Sikaiana's population is approximately 300 people of Polynesian descent — not of the Melanesian descent prevalent in the main Solomon Islands. It is considered by anthropologists to be a Polynesian outlier.

A 1998 GAO report stated:

Some residents of the Stewart Islands in the Solomon Islands group ... claim that they are native Hawaiians and U.S. citizens. ... They base their claim on the assertion that the Stewart Islands were ceded to King Kamehameha IV and accepted by him as part of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1856 and, thus, were part of the Republic of Hawaii (which was declared in 1893) when it was annexed to the United States by law in 1898. The 1898 law identifies the islands being annexed only as the “Hawaiian Islands and their dependencies.” However, the annexation was based on the report of the Hawaiian Commission which did not include the Stewart Islands among the islands it identified as part of the Republic of Hawaii. Report of the Hawaiian Commission, S. Doc. No. 16, 55th Cong., at 4 (3d Sess. 1898). In 1996, some Stewart Islands residents applied to register to vote in a plebescite limited to Native Hawaiians. Their requests for ballots, however, were rejected by the Hawaiian Sovereignty Election Council.[1]

In 1893, in order both to regulate a practice of labor recruitment or ‘blackbirding’ of Solomon Islanders to work on labor plantations in Queensland, Australia, and to further its own colonial interests, Great Britain established a protectorate over most of what is now the Solomon Islands. In 1897, the protectorate was extended to include Sikaiana, Rennell, and Bellona Islands.[2]

References

  • Portions of the Book of Common Prayer in Sikaiana, 1932 Anglican liturgical document in Sikaiana.
  • Oceandots at the Wayback Machine (archived December 23, 2010)
  1. ^ GAO/OGC-98-5 : U.S. INSULAR AREAS; Application of the U.S. Constitution (PDF) (Report). United States General Accounting Office. November 1997. p. 39 (note 4). 
  2. ^ "Sikaiana : A Contemporary Polynesian Society". Expedition. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. 26 (4). 

External links

  • Sikaiana
  • Anglican History

Coordinates: 8°22′43″S 162°42′47″E / 8.37861°S 162.71306°E / -8.37861; 162.71306

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sikaiana&oldid=845697876"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikaiana
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Sikaiana"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA