Shrine of the Cloak

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Coordinates: 31°37′11″N 65°42′29″E / 31.6196°N 65.7080°E / 31.6196; 65.7080

Shrine of the Cloak
Kherqa Sharifa
Mosque in Kandahar.jpg
Shrine of the Cloak in 2003
Basic information
Location Kandahar, Afghanistan
Affiliation Islam
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Islamic

The Shrine of the Cloak (Pashto: خرقه شريفهKherqa Sharīfa) is located adjacent to the main mosque in Kandahar, Afghanistan. It contains the Kherqa, a cloak believed to have been worn by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is therefore widely held to be one of the holiest Islamic sites in Afghanistan, and even considered by some as the "heart of Afghanistan".[1]

The building's exteriors are of green marble from Lashkargah, with tiled surfaces and gilded archways. The cloak itself is locked away inside the mosque and is rarely seen. It has been guarded by the same family for over 250 years.[2] Its guardians have traditionally only shown the cloak to recognized leaders of Afghanistan, although in times of great crisis such as natural disasters, it has been publicly displayed as a means of reassurance.[2]

The cloak was given to Amir Ahmad Shah Durrani (regarded as the founder of modern Afghanistan)[3][4][5][6] by Amir Murad Beg of Bukhara (in modern Uzbekistan) in 1768 in order to solidify a treaty between the two leaders.[7] An alternate account states that when Ahmad Shah had traveled to Bukhara, he saw the cloak of Muhammad. He then decided to take the artifact with him to Kandahar, and asked whether he could "borrow" the cloak from its keepers. They, worrying that he might try to remove it from Bukhara, told him it could not be taken from the city. Ahmad Shah then is said to have pointed to a heavy stela of stone firmly planted in the ground, saying that he would never take the cloak far from the stone. The keepers, gratified at his answer, handed him the cloak. Ahmad Shah then took the cloak, ordered the stone slab to be dug up, and carried them both back with him to Kandahar, where the stone now stands near his mazar (tomb).[1]

The cloak was last seen in public in 1996,[1] when Mullah Omar, the up-and-coming leader of the Taliban, removed it from the shrine and donned the cloak while he stood atop a building, and in front of a large crowd of his followers.[8] That symbolic act is commonly considered a key point in the rise of the Taliban, and Mullah Omar himself, associating him with both Ahmed Shah Durrani and the Prophet of Islam. Upon donning the cloak, the crowd began to shout "Amir al-Mu'minin" (Commander of the Faithful), a title that Ayman al-Zawahiri still occasionally uses to refer to Mullah Omar in his radio addresses.[7] Wahid Muzhda, an Afghan analyst and one-time high-ranking official in the Taliban foreign ministry, disputes Mullah Omar donning the cloak. "From what I know, from sources close to Omar, and from a chat with the keeper of the shrine [where the cloak is kept], Omar did not wear the cloak."[9] Wahid Muzhda's doubts notwithstanding, in a New York Times piece from winter 2001, the current keeper of the Shrine, Qari Shawali, claimed that he not only allowed Mullah Omar to view the cloak, but that it was borrowed and removed from the Shrine in the spring of 1996 by Mullah Omar.[8] This was the third time in his lifetime that a man attempted to look at, let alone don, the cloak.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "The Cloak of the Prophet". npr.org. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
  2. ^ a b Sieff, Kevin. "A fight for Afghanistan’s most famous artifact." washingtonpost.com Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  3. ^ "Aḥmad Shah Durrānī". Encyclopædia Britannica Online Version. 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
  4. ^ "Ahmad Shah and the Durrani Empire". Library of Congress Country Studies on Afghanistan. 1997. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
  5. ^ Friedrich Engels (1857). "Afghanistan". Andy Blunden. The New American Cyclopaedia, Vol. I. Archived from the original on 18 October 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
  6. ^ Clements, Frank (2003). Conflict in Afghanistan: a historical encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-85109-402-8. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
  7. ^ a b Girardet, Edward; Jonathan Walter, eds., eds. (1998). Afghanistan. Geneva: CROSSLINES Communications, Ltd. p. 291.
  8. ^ a b https://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/19/international/asia/19CLOA.html
  9. ^ Mashal, Mujib. The myth of Mullah Omar aljazeera.com

External links

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