Shirley Fry

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Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry Irvin 1953 (cropped).jpg
Irvin in the Netherlands in 1953
Full name Shirley June Fry Irvin
Country (sports)  United States
Born (1927-06-30) June 30, 1927 (age 90)
Akron, Ohio, United States
Height 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m)
Retired 1957
Plays Right–handed
Int. Tennis HoF 1970 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1956)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1957)
French Open W (1951)
Wimbledon W (1956)
US Open W (1956)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1957)
French Open W (1950, 1951, 1952, 1953)
Wimbledon W (1951, 1952, 1953)
US Open W (1951, 1952, 1953, 1954)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French Open F (1952)
Wimbledon W (1956)
US Open F (1951, 1955)
Team competitions
Wightman Cup W (1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956)

Shirley June Fry Irvin (née Fry; born June 30, 1927) is a former world No. 1 tennis player from the United States. During her career, which lasted from the early 1940s until the mid-1950s, she won the singles title at all four Grand Slam events as well as 13 doubles titles.

Biography

Fry was raised in Akron, Ohio and starrted playing tennis competitively at age nine.[1][2] She was educated at Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida where she graduated in 1949.[1][3]

Fry is one of 10 women[a] to have won each Grand Slam singles tournament at least once during her career. She is also one of seven women (with Hart, Court, Navratilova, Pam Shriver, Serena Williams, and Venus Williams) to have won all four Grand Slam doubles tournaments. At the U.S. National Championship (precursor of the U.S. Open) in 1942, Irvin reached the singles quarterfinals at the age of 15. At Wimbledon in 1953, Fry and Hart lost only four games during the entire women's doubles tournament and won three matches without losing a game, including the semifinals and finals, the latter over Connolly and Julie Sampson Haywood. Fry won the last three Grand Slam singles tournaments she entered, including wins over Althea Gibson in the Wimbledon quarterfinal and U.S. Championship final in 1956 and the Australian Championships final in 1957.

Fry was ranked in the world top 10 in 1946 and 1948 and from 1950 through 1955 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945), and No. 1 in 1956.[4] The United States Lawn Tennis Association ranked her in the U.S. top 10 from 1944 through 1955 and No. 1 in 1956.[5] She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1970.

From 1951 through 1956 she participated in the Wightman Cup, the women's team competition between Great Britain and the United States, and contributed to the U.S. victory during each of these editions with the exception of 1954, when her final doubles rubber was not played. She compiled a 10-2 W/L record.[3]

Fry married Karl Irvin in Australia, in February 1957 after which she retired from top-level tennis. The couple had four children.[2][3]

Grand Slam finals

Singles: 8 (4 titles–4 runners-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1948 French Championships Clay France Nelly Adamson Landry 2–6, 6–0, 0–6
Winner 1951 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
Runner-up 1951 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart 1–6, 0–6
Runner-up 1951 U.S. Championships Grass United States Maureen Connolly 3–6, 6–1, 4–6
Runner-up 1952 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart 4–6, 4–6
Winner 1956 Wimbledon Grass United Kingdom Angela Buxton 6–3, 6–1
Winner 1956 U.S. Championships Grass United States Althea Gibson 6–3, 6–4
Winner 1957 Australian Championships Grass United States Althea Gibson 6–3, 6–4

Doubles: 19 (12 titles, 7 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1948 French Championships Clay United States Mary Prentiss United States Doris Hart
United States Patricia Canning Todd
4–6, 2–6
Runner-up 1949 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
4–6, 8–10
Winner 1950 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
1–6, 7–5, 6–2
Runner-up 1950 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
4–6, 7–5, 1–6
Runner-up 1950 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
2–6, 3–6
Winner 1951 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart South Africa Beryl Bartlett
United States Barbara Scofield
10–8, 6–3
Winner 1951 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–2, 13–11
Winner 1951 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Nancy Chaffee
United States Patricia Canning Todd
6–4, 6–2
Winner 1952 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart South Africa Hazel Redick-Smith
South Africa Julia Wipplinger
7–5, 6–1
Winner 1952 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Maureen Connolly
8–6, 6–3
Winner 1952 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Maureen Connolly
10–8, 6–4
Winner 1953 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart United States Maureen Connolly
United States Julia Sampson
6–4, 6–3
Winner 1953 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart United States Maureen Connolly
United States Julia Sampson
6–0, 6–0
Winner 1953 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–2, 7–9, 9–7
Runner-up 1954 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–4, 7–9, 1–6
Winner 1954 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–4, 6–4
Runner-up 1955 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
3–6, 6–1, 3–6
Runner-up 1956 U.S. Championships Grass United States Betty Rosenquest United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
3–6, 0–6
Winner 1957 Australian Championships Grass United States Althea Gibson Australia Mary Bevis Hawton
Australia Fay Muller
6–2, 6–1

Grand Slam tournament timelines

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

Singles

Tournament 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 Career SR
Australian Championships NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A A W 1 / 1
French Championships R R R R A A A F A QF W F SF A A A A 1 / 5
Wimbledon NH NH NH NH NH A A QF 4R QF F SF SF QF A W A 1 / 8
U.S. Championships 1R QF 1R QF 1R 1R 3R 3R 3R QF F SF SF SF QF W A 1 / 16
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 1 2 / 2 1 / 1 4 / 30

Doubles

Tournament 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 Career SR
Australian Championships A NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A W 1 / 1
French Championships R R R R A A A F A W W W W A A A A 4 / 5
Wimbledon NH NH NH NH NH A A 3R SF F W W W F A SF A 3 / 8
U.S. Championships A 1R 1R QF SF SF SF SF F F W W W W F F A 4 / 15
SR 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 2 1 / 3 3 / 3 3 / 3 3 / 3 1 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 2 1 / 1 12 / 29

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam doubles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b David Whitley (September 8, 2000). "Orlando's Wimbledon Champion". Orlando Sentinel. 
  2. ^ a b "Shirley Fry engaged; to wed in February". St. Petersburg Times. December 4, 1956. p. 22 – via Google News Archive. 
  3. ^ a b c "Women's Collegiate Tennis Hall of Fame". Intercollegiate Tennis Association (ITA). 
  4. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 702–3. ISBN 0-942257-41-3. 
  5. ^ United States Tennis Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc. p. 261. 

External links

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