Simeon ben Gamliel

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For the grandson of Simeon ben Gamliel (I), see Shimon ben Gamliel (II).

Simeon ben Gamliel (I) (Hebrew: שמעון בן גמליאל‎ or רשב"ג הראשון, c. 10 BCE – 70 CE) was a Tanna sage and leader of the Jewish people. He succeeded his father Gamliel I as the nasi of the Sanhedrin after his father's death in 52 CE and just before the destruction of the Second Temple. According to Josephus Flavius he was killed by the Zealots during the civil war on the course of the Jewish Revolt of 66-70 CE.

He was a direct descendant of King David and the great-grandson of Hillel the Elder.[1][2]

His tomb, located in Kafr Kanna near the Golani Interchange in the lower Galilee of northern Israel, has remained an important site for Jewish pilgrims for almost 2,000 years.[3]

Quotes

All my life have I been reared among the Sages, but I have found naught better for the body than silence; 'Tis not the conveyance of teachings which is the principal [aim], but rather the discharge of one's duty (i.e. action). Whosoever is verbose brings on sin.[4][5]

By three things is the world sustained: by judgment, by truth, and by peace.[6][7]


Preceded by
Gamliel I
Nasi
50–70
Succeeded by
Johanan ben Zakkai

References

  1. ^ (Hebrew) "תלמוד ירושלמי - מסכת כלאיים, פרק ט".
    Yitzhak Buxbaum (2008), The Life and Teachings of Hillel, Jason Aronson, Incorporated, p. 304, ISBN 978-0742565876, Ketubot 62b says that Rabbi Judah the Prince, was a descendant of King David on his mother's side, via Shefatiah, David's son by his wife Avital, and Hillel [the Elder].
  2. ^ Wilhelm Bacher, Jacob Zallel Lauterbach, Simeon II. (Ben Gamaliel I.), Jewish Encyclopedia [1]. N.b.: the Jewish Encyclopedia speaks of "his grandfather Hillel", but he sequence was Hillel the Elder-Simeon ben Hillel-Gamaliel the Elder-Simeon ben Gamliel, thus great-grandson is correct.
  3. ^ "Tomb of Shimon ben Gamliel vandalized", Jerusalem Post, April 21, 2006 (accessed August 7, 2012).
  4. ^ editors, editors (1978). Six Orders of the Mishnah (Pirḳe Avot 1:17). Jerusalem: Eshkol.
  5. ^ The Living Talmud - The Wisdom of the Fathers, ed. Judah Goldin, New American Library of World Literature: New York 1957, p. 74
  6. ^ editors, editors (1978). Six Orders of the Mishnah (Pirḳe Avot 1:18). Jerusalem: Eshkol.
  7. ^ The Living Talmud - The Wisdom of the Fathers, ed. Judah Goldin, New American Library of World Literature: New York 1957, p. 75


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