Shawwal

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Shawwāl (Arabic: شوّال‎‎) is the tenth month of the lunar Islamic calendar. Shawwāl means to 'lift or carry'; so named because a female camel normally would be carrying a fetus at this time of year.

Fasting during Shawwāl

The first day of Shawwāl is Eid al-Fitr. Some Muslims observe six days of fasting during Shawwāl beginning the day after Eid ul-Fitr since fasting is prohibited on this day. These six days of fasting together with the Ramadan fasts, are equivalent to fasting all year round. The reasoning behind this tradition is that a good deed in Islam is rewarded 10 times, hence fasting 30 days during Ramadan and 6 days during Shawwāl is equivalent to fasting the whole year in terms of reward.[1]

The Shia scholars do not place any emphasis on the six days being consecutive while among the Sunnis the majority of Shafi`i scholars consider it recommended to fast these days consecutively. They based this on a hadith related by Tabarani and others wherein Muhammad is reported to have said, "Fasting six consecutive days after Eid al-Fitr is like fasting the entire year." Other traditional scholarly sources among the Hanafiyya and Hanbaliyya do not place an emphasis on consecutive days, while the strongest opinion of the Malikiyya prefers any six days of the year, consecutively or otherwise.

Timing

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 10 to 11 days shorter than the solar year, Shawwāl migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Shawwāl, based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia, are:[2]

AH First day (CE / AD) Last day (CE / AD)
1437 06 July 2016 03 August 2016
1438 25 June 2017 23 July 2017
1439 15 June 2018 13 July 2018
1440 04 June 2019 03 July 2019
1441 24 May 2020 21 June 2020
1442 13 May 2021 10 June 2021
Shawwāl dates between 2016 and 2021

Islamic events

Hadith

  • Abu Hurairah said that the Prophet said:

    There will be an Ayah (sign) in (the month of) Ramadan. Then, there will 'isabah (splitting into groups) in Shawwal. Then, there will be fighting in (the month of) Dhu al-Qi'dah. Then, the pilgrim will be robbed in (the month of) Dhu al-Hijjah. Then, the prohibitions will be violated in (the month of) al-Muharram. Then, there will be sound in (the month of) Safar, then the tribes will conflict with each other in the two months of Rabi' al-awwal & Rabi' al-thani. Then, the most amazing thing will happen between (the months of) Jumada and Rajab. Then, a well-fed she-camel will be better than a fortress (castle) sheltering a thousand (people).[3]

Notes

  1. ^ [1] Islam online. Archived February 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia
  3. ^ Al-Haakim, Naim ibn Hammad, Kitab Al-Fitan

External links

  • Islamic-Western Calendar Converter (Based on the Arithmetical or Tabular Calendar)
  • Islamic Prayer for Makkah
  • Shawwal Month


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