Jiang (rank)

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Jiang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: jiàng; Wade–Giles: chiang) is the rank held by general officers in the militaries of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan. The People's Liberation Army and the People's Armed Police use three levels at present while the Republic of China Armed Forces use four.

The same rank names are used for all services, prefixed by haijun (simplified Chinese: 海军; traditional Chinese: 海軍; literally: "naval force") or kongjun (simplified Chinese: 空军; traditional Chinese: 空軍; literally: "air force").

People's Liberation Army

Rank Literal
translation
Army
translation
Navy
translation
PLA
ground force
insignia
PLA
naval force
insignia
PLA
Air force
insignia
NATO
rank
equivalent
Yiji shangjiang (一级上将)
Rank existed only 1988-1994; never held
First class upper general General of the army Fleet admiral (zh) OF-10
Shangjiang (上将) Upper general General Admiral PLAGF-0720-GEN.png PLANF-0720-GEN.png PLAAF-0720-GEN.png OF-9
Zhongjiang (中将) Middle general Lieutenant general Vice admiral PLAGF-0719-LTG.png PLANF-0719-LTG.png PLAAF-0719-LTG.png OF-8
Shaojiang (少将) Junior general Major general Rear admiral PLAGF-0718-MG.png PLANF-0718-MG.png PLAAF-0718-MG.png OF-7

Dajiang

Under the rank system in place in the PLA in the era 1955-1965, there existed the rank of dajiang (大将) or Grand General. This rank was awarded to 10 of the veteran leaders of the PLA in 1955 and never conferred again. It was considered equivalent to the Soviet rank of генера́л а́рмии (general of the army) which is generally considered a five-star rank, although the insignia itself had only four. The decision to name the equivalent rank yiji shangjiang when it was briefly re-established in 1988-1994 was likely due to a desire to keep the rank of dajiang an honorary one awarded after a war, much as general of the armies in the United States Army.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Army

Insignia adopted in 1959. Rank names are shown below using Hanyu Pinyin and traditional Chinese characters.

Rank Army
translation
Navy
translation
ROC
Army
insignia
NATO
rank
equivalent
Yiji shangjiang (一級上將) General first class Admiral first class Taiwan-army-OF-9b.svg OF-9
Erji shangjiang (二級上將) General Admiral Taiwan-army-OF-9a.svg OF-9
Zhongjiang (中將) Lieutenant General Vice Admiral Taiwan-army-OF-8.svg OF-8
Shaojiang (少將) Major general Rear admiral Taiwan-army-OF-7.svg OF-7

See also

References

  • PLA Uniforms and Insignia
  • Military ranks of the People's Liberation Army
  • Military ranks of the People's Liberation Army Navy
  • Military ranks of the People's Liberation Army Air Force
  • Military ranks of the Army of the Republic of China
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