Shabnam

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Shabnam
Shabnam.jpg
Native name শবনম
Born Jharna Basak
17 August 1942 (75 years)
Dhaka, Bengal Presidency, British India
Nationality Bangladeshi
Pakistani
Occupation Actress
Years active 1961–1999
Spouse(s)
Robin Ghosh
(m. 1964; his death 2016)
Awards Nigar Awards

Jharna Basak, known by the stage name Shabnam (born 17 August 1942)[1] is a Bangladeshi and former Pakistani stage and film actress.[2] Actor Waheed Murad introduced her to the Pakistani film industry by offering her a lead role in his film Samundar in 1968. Shabnam remained active in Lollywood in the 1960s, '70s, and '80s. She has been nominated for Nigar awards several times, winning it 13 times (the most for an actress). She has appeared in over 180 films. She was the number one actress in the Pakistan film industry for 28 years.[3]

She migrated from East to West Pakistan in 1968,[4] and lived in the country until the late 1990s, following which she migrated to her native Bangladesh.[2]

Early life

Shabnam was born on 17 August 1942 in Dhaka, in the erstwhile British India in a Bengali Hindu family.[4] Her father was Nani Basak, a football referee from Dhaka. As a young girl, she was more adventurous and tomboyish in nature in comparison to her sister, who was into singing. She would still practice dance moves. Shabnam was offered a role in a movie as a supporting dancer, thus beginning her career in arts.[3]

Career

Shabnam on the film poster of Chanda (1962), directed by Ehtesham

Shabnam began her career when her father got her admitted into the Bulbul Lalitakala Academy. A close friend of her father got her a role in a dance sequence in the movie "Ei Desh Tomar Amar". Her next role was as a dancer in the movie "Rajdhanir Bukey". When the song became a hit, the audience requested that Shabnam be cast as a lead actress. That was when she starred in her Bengali debut film as a heroine, Harano Din.[3]

She moved to West Pakistan after the director Ehtesham cast her in his Urdu movie "Chanda" in the erstwhile West Pakistan. Since Shabnam's Urdu wasn't that proficient at that point in time, the rehearsals were scripted in Bengali. The music of this film was composed by her husband Robin Ghosh.The film turned out to be a hit, starting Shabnam's career in the top ranks of the Pakistan film industry.

After starring in dozens of super-hit films, Shabnam became the number one reigning actress in Pakistan by the early 1970s. She retained that position until the mid-1980's, when she slowly started to retire. She is considered to probably be the only film actress in the world to have continuously and successfully played the romantic lead in films for almost three decades, from the early 1960s to the late 1980s.[5]

After the Bangladesh Liberation War had ended, Shabnam wanted to visit her native homeland. It took her two years to get the "No Objection Certificate" which was required for her to get a Bangladeshi visa. It was later revealed that Lollywood had requested the Foreign Ministry of Pakistan to not give her a visa, as they feared she would not return from Bangladesh. Nevertheless, Shabnam reassured her fans and colleagues that she would not abandon Pakistan, and would be back after visiting her parents. Only then did the Foreign Ministry let her leave Pakistan, making sure their most popular actress would not leave.[3] Around 1988, she switched on to character acting[6] and was again doing films in her native Dhaka and Lahore. Shabnam left Pakistan and its film industry in the late 1990s.[2] She gracefully retired and moved to Bangladesh in 1997. According to her, she retired because of her age, and her duty to look after her parents, as they were entering their last years. Shabnam planned on retiring after her super-hit blockbuster film Aaina. But because of the overwhelming number of fans and offers she had in Pakistan, it took her 10 years to finish her last films, and then enter retirement.[3]

After returning to Dhaka and taking a break for 2 years, Shabnam lastly performed in movie 'Ammajan,’ directed by Kazi Hayat. She performed in that movie in the central role and it was released in 1999. The film went on to be a super-hit and one of the most successful movies in Bangladeshi film history.

In 2012 she visited Pakistan along with her husband after 13 years, where they were awarded lifetime achievement award by the Pakistani government.[citation needed] The award ceremony was organized by PTV. The function was hosted by prominent actress and television presenter Bushra Ansari. The function included live interviews of Shabnam and her husband, along with famous singers and co-artists of the duo. Many of Shabnam's and Robin Ghosh's songs were performed on stage by young Pakistani artists. The show was attended by top members of the Pakistani community, most notably the then Prime Minister of Pakistan, Yousaf Raza Gillani.[7]

In mid-2017, Shabnam announced that she would be returning to the Pakistan film industry in mid-2018 with her new T.V series, "Mohini Mansion ki Cinderella". The series will aired on Bol Entertainment and will be directed by Ali Tahir. The music will be composed by Sahir Ali Bagga.[8]

1979 Assault

Farooq Bandial is a local politician belonging to a political family, which has always contested the elections independently. He hails from Punjab's Khushab district. Bhandial along with other four men committed "armed dacoity" at the house of Shabnam in Gulberg area of Lahore in 1979.[9] A Special Military Court handed Bandial and four other men death sentences for committing “armed dacoity". The accused were later commuted by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq after Robin Ghosh and Shabnam granted them a pardon, and it was later changed to a life sentence.[10] Farooq Bhandial recently joined Imran Khan's PTI, but was expelled the same day after news of his involvement in the dacoity re-surfaced.

Personal life

Shabnam got married to the famous music composter Robin Ghosh in 1966. Together they had one son; Ronnie Ghosh. Robin Ghosh died on 13 February 2016 in Dhaka, due to respiratory failures.[11] In a special interview, she described him as loving, caring and very understanding and never interfered in her film life, and never asked questions when she came home late from work.[12] After retirement from the film industry, she used take care of her parents and her husband, until their deaths.[13] She now leads a retired life as a housewife, in Dhaka.[3]

Filmography

Shabnam worked in total 170 films, including 152 Urdu films, 14 Bengali and 4 Punjabi films. 3 of her films never released include: Gharonda, Bunjarun and Itna Pyar Kon Karay. Her debut film was a Bengali film. Her first Urdu film, Chanda was filmed in Bangladesh.[14]

Year Title Role Director Notes Ref(s)
1958 Rajdhanir Bukey
1961 Kokhono Asheni
Harano Din bengoli
1962 Chanda
1963 Talash
Naach Char
Preet Na Jane Reet
1964 Karwaan
Paise
1965 Akhri Station
Kaise Kahun
Kajal
Saagar
1966 Begana
1967 Darshan
1968 Jahan Tum Wahan Hum
Main Zinda Hun
Samandar
Sharik-e-Hayyat
Tum Mere Ho
1969 Andleeb
Ladla
Naseeb Apna Apna
Nazneen
Naaz
Qasm Us Waqt Ki
Aasra
1970 Chalo Maan Gaye
Jaley Na Kyun Parwana
Naya Savera
Shama Aur Parwana
1971 Afshan
Charagh Kahan Roshni Kahan
Dosti
Rootha Na Karo
1972 Bandagi
Ehsas
Mann Ki Jeet
Mere Hamsafar
1973 Anmol
Badal Aur Bijli
Gharana
Nya Raasta
Naam Ke Nawab
Society
Zakhmi
Aas
1974 Aina Aur Soorat
Bano Rani
Chahat
Dhamaka
Dillagi
Do Badan
Do Tasviren
Intezar
Main Bani Dulhan
Miss Hippy
Qismat
Sawan Aya Tum Nahin Aye
Sharafat
Aabroo
1975 Anari
Badal Gaya Insaan
Be-misal
Bikhrey Moti
Dil Nasheen
Do Saathi
Jageer
Farz Aur Mamta
Milap
Paisa
Pehchan
Umang
Zanjeer
Zeenat
1976 Anokhi
Daman Ki Aag
Do Aansoo
Daag
Mom Ki Guria
Raja Jani
Sachai
Sayyan Anari
Talash
Tallaq
Aaj Aur Kall
1977 Aina
Mere Huzoor
Naya Sooraj
Sangam
Shama-e-Mohabbat
Uff Yeh Bivian
1978 Abhi To Mein Jawan Hun
Achhey Mian
Ankhon Ankhon Mein
Anmol Mohabbat
Awaz
Intekhab
Milan
Saheli
Aabshar
1979 Chalte chalte
Nazr-e-Karam
Nishani
Pakeeza
Naya Andaaz
1980 Azmaish
Badaltey Mousam
Bandish
Hum Dono
Nahin Abhi Nahin
Pyari
Rishta
1981 Faaslay
Ghaerao
Kiran Aur Kali
Qurbani
Tange Wali
1982 Biwi Ho To Aisi
I Love You
Khoobsoorat
Naseeb
Saharey
Zara Si Baat
Aahat
1983 Deewangi
Dehleez
Gumnam
Kabhi Alwida Na Kehna
Maang Meri Bhar Do
Aaj Ki Raat
1984 Aisa Bhi Hota Hai
Andhi Aur Toofan
Barood
Doorian
Kamyabi
Lazawal
Naseebon Wali
Naam Mera Badnam
Shadi Magar Adhi
Tere Ghar Ke Samne
1985 Benazir Qurbani
Naraz
1986 Faisla
Jhoomar Chor
Shadi Mere Shohar Ki
1987 Bazi
Kaloo
Love in Nepal
Malka
Masti Khan
Saas Meri Saheli
Teri Banhon Mein
1988 Sheesh Nagin
1989 Lady Commando
1993 Ranjish
1994 Rani Beti Raj Karegi
1995 Awargi
1996 Saza
1997 Aulad Ki Qasam
1999 Ammajan

References

  1. ^ "Legendary actress Shabnam celebrates her birthday". Priyo. 19 August 2010. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Leaving Pakistan and Lollywood was painful, says Shabnam". Dawn. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Meet Pakistan's biggest star from Bangladesh whom India hasn't celebrated!". Times of India Blog. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  4. ^ a b The biggest star you’ve never heard of
  5. ^ "Shabnam biography, complete biography of Actresses Shabnam". www.pak101.com. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  6. ^ "Shabnam : Legendary film diva's exclusive". Janubaba.com. Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
  7. ^ MrBabukolachi (2012-06-26), Mujhe Dil Se Na Bhulana Tribute To Shabnam - PTV Show - Babu Kolachi, retrieved 2018-03-26
  8. ^ Haq, Irfan Ul (2017-10-19). "Veteran actor Shabnam will play her own superfan in upcoming Pakistani drama". Images. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  9. ^ "Imran expels convicted rapist Farooq Bandial from PTI amid social media backlash".
  10. ^ "PTI expels Farooq Bandial only hours after welcoming him following outrage on social media".
  11. ^ "Music composer Robin Ghosh passes away". The Daily Star. 2016-02-13. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  12. ^ Reporter, Dawn Newspaper Staff (2017-03-11). "Leaving Pakistan and Lollywood was painful, says Shabnam". Images. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  13. ^ "Shabnam - Indpaedia". indpaedia.com. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  14. ^ Mazhar Iqbal. "Filmography of Shabnam". Mazhar.dk. Retrieved 2012-06-05.

External links

  • Shabnam on IMDb
  • Shabnam complete filmography on Pakistan Film Magazine
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