Serie B

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Serie B
Lega Serie B logo.png
Founded 1929
Country  Italy
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams 22
Level on pyramid 2
Promotion to Serie A
Relegation to Serie C
Domestic cup(s) Coppa Italia
International cup(s) UEFA Europa League
(via winning Coppa Italia)
Current champions Empoli (2nd title)
(2017–18)
Most championships Genoa, Atalanta
(6 titles each)
TV partners Sky Sport
Website legab.it
2018–19 Serie B

Serie B (Italian pronunciation: [ˈsɛːrje ˈbi]), currently named Serie BKT for sponsorship reasons,[1] is the second-highest division in the Italian football league system after the Serie A. It is contested by 22 teams and organized by the Lega Serie B since July 2010, after the split of Lega Calcio that previously took care of both the Serie A and Serie B. Common nicknames for the league are campionato cadetto and cadetteria, as cadetto is the Italian for junior or cadet.

Serie B was composed of 20 teams until the 2002–03 season. It was enlarged to 24 teams for the 2003–04 season due to legal problems relating to Calcio Catania relegation. The league reverted to 22 teams for the 2004–05 season, while Serie A expanded from 18 to 20 teams.

During the regular season, each team plays 42 games – two games against every opponent. In Italian football, a true round-robin format is used. In the first half of the season, called andata, each team plays once against all its opponents, a total of 21 games. In the second half of the season, called ritorno, each team will play the same teams in exactly the same order, the only difference being that a home game played in the first half will be an away game with that same team in the second half, and vice versa.

Since the 2006–07 season, the Serie B champion is awarded the cup Ali della Vittoria (Wings of Victory). The trophy is 63 cm high and weighs 5 kg. Its structure represents the wings of the goddess Nike, the goddess of victory, holding a cup similar to an olympic flame.

Serie B matches are usually played on Saturday. After one year where all games were played on Saturday, the league is again scheduling one game that is played on Friday called anticipo (the advanced game) and one game that is played on Monday called posticipo (the post-dated game). The league also plays on several Tuesdays to fit in all 42 games. The league also plays on Sunday if Serie A is off.

Promotion and relegation

At the end of the season, three teams are promoted to Serie A and four teams are relegated to the reformed Serie C (formerly Lega Pro Prima Divisione). The top two teams are automatically promoted. If the 3rd-placed team is 10 or more points ahead of the 4th-placed team, it is automatically promoted too, otherwise a playoff tournament determines the third team that will be ascending. In the 2013–14 season, anywhere between two and six teams within a "playoff margin" of 14 points from the 3rd-placed team will enter the playoff tournament. Under the new playoff format, up to three rounds may be required. The final two rounds are two-legged ties, while opening round matches (if required) are single legs hosted by the higher-ranked team. If a tie is drawn at the end of regular play (one or two matches, depending on the round), extra time is played. If the two teams are still tied after thirty minutes, the higher classified team advances.

In the relegation zone, the three last-placed teams (20th, 21st and 22nd) are automatically demoted to Serie C. If the 18th-placed team is 5 or more points ahead of the 19th-placed team, then the 19th-placed team becomes the 4th and final team to be demoted, otherwise the conditions for a playoff more commonly called playout exist.

If the playout is necessary, the 18th and 19th-placed teams are paired in a two-legged series with home-field advantage in the 2nd leg going to the 18th-placed team. The team with the higher aggregate score remains in Serie B while the loser becomes the fourth team relegated to Serie C. If an aggregate tie exists at the end of regulation play of the 2nd leg, the 18th-placed team is saved, and the 19th-placed team is demoted.

Brief history

A junior football championship was created at first in Italy in 1904, after seven editions of the major tournament of FIGC: it was called Second Category, and was composed both by senior squads of town clubs and by youth teams of city clubs. If the first ones won the championship, they would be promoted to First Category, which consequentely improved in size: the first team to reach the honour, was Pro Vercelli in 1907, which even won the scudetto in 1908. FIGC attempted many times to introduce relegations on the contrary, but the reform was really adopted only in 1921 by the secessionist CCI in its Northern League, which consisted of a First Division and a Second Division: the first teams to be relegated were AC Vicenza and FC Inter even if, after the reunion with FIGC, the regulations were changed, and Venezia was demoted instead of the Milanese club. Even if part of the same league, differently from First Division, Second Division was based on local group with proximity criteria. Only in 1928, the big reform was conceived by FIGC's President Leandro Arpinati: after a year, a new second division based on the same national format of the major tournament would be born. Serie B began in 1929 with 18 clubs and continued until World War II after whom it was divided again between the northern and the southern part of the country, due to the destructions of the war. The championship became national again in 1948, and for many years in the second half of the 20th century, it was played by 20 clubs. In 2003–04 a single group of 24 teams was formed, the biggest in the history of all levels of the Italian championship. After 2004, a 22-teams format was introduced together with playoffs.

After Serie A split with Serie B to form Lega Serie A, Lega Serie B was formed on 7 July 2010. The league signed a new sponsor bwin for 2010–11 and 2011–12 seasons; changed the league name from Serie B TIM to Serie Bwin.[2] The League changed again its name in Serie B ConTe.it due to sponsorship reasons.[3]

Serie B is the lowest division where five clubs have ever played: Torino, Juventus, Milan, Roma and Lazio.

Serie B introduced the "green card" at the beginning of the 2015–16 season. The green card is given to promote fair play and good acts. The green card will not be given during the game, as it would alter sport rules, but awarded after the match to a player or coach who exhibited fair play by the referee. The player or coach with the most green cards at the end of the season will be rewarded.[4]

Serie B clubs

2018–19 members

Team Home city Stadium Capacity 2017–18 season
Ascoli Ascoli Piceno Stadio Cino e Lillo Del Duca 10,887 18th in Serie B
Avellino Avellino Stadio Partenio-Adriano Lombardi 10,215 15th in Serie B
Bari Bari Stadio San Nicola 58,270 7th in Serie B
Benevento Benevento Stadio Ciro Vigorito 17,554 20th in Serie A
Brescia Brescia Stadio Mario Rigamonti 16,743 16th in Serie B
Carpi Carpi Stadio Sandro Cabassi 5,510 11th in Serie B
Cesena Cesena Orogel Stadium Dino Manuzzi 23,860 13th in Serie B
Cittadella Cittadella Stadio Pier Cesare Tombolato 7,623 6th in Serie B
Cosenza Cosenza Stadio San Vito-Gigi Marulla 24,209 5th Serie C/C, play-off winner
Cremonese Cremona Stadio Giovanni Zini 20,641 14th in Serie B
Crotone Crotone Stadio Ezio Scida 16,547 18th in Serie A
Foggia Foggia Stadio Pino Zaccheria 16,798 9th in Serie B
Hellas Verona Verona Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi 38,402 19th in Serie A
Lecce Lecce Stadio Via del Mare 40,670 Serie C/C Champions
Livorno Livorno Stadio Armando Picchi 19,238 Serie C/A Champions
Padova Padova Stadio Euganeo 19,740 Serie C/B Champions
Palermo Palermo Stadio Renzo Barbera 36,349 4th in Serie B
Perugia Perugia Stadio Renato Curi 23,125 8th in Serie B
Pescara Pescara Stadio Adriatico-Giovanni Cornacchia 20,515 17th in Serie B
Salernitana Salerno Stadio Arechi 31,300 12th in Serie B
Spezia La Spezia Stadio Alberto Picco 10,290 10th in Serie B
Venezia Venice Stadio Pierluigi Penzo 7,450 5th in Serie B

Seasons in Serie B

This is the complete list of the clubs that have taken part in the 87 Serie B seasons played from 1929–30 to 2018–19 Serie B season.[5][a] The teams in bold compete in Serie B in the current season.

The Serie B-C Alta Italia post-war championship

This championship was organized by geographical criteria with only Northern Italy Serie B and the best Northern Italy Serie C teams taking part. Southern Italy Serie B teams took part to 1945–46 Serie A. For this reason, this championship is not included in the statistics.

Club performances

Promotions by season

  • Italics denotes teams promoted after playoff or qualification match.
  • Parentheses denote teams not promoted.

Prima Divisione

Season Winners Eventual other promotions
1926–27 Novara Pro Patria, Reggiana, Lazio
1927–28 Atalanta Pistoiese, Bari, Biellese, Venezia, Fiumana, Triestina, Legnano, Prato, Fiorentina
1928–29 Spezia

Serie B

Season Winners Runners-up Third place Eventual other promotions
1929–30 Casale Legnano (La Dominante)
1930–31 Fiorentina Bari (Palermo)
1931–32 Palermo Padova (Verona)
1932–33 Livorno Brescia (Modena)
1933–34 Sampierdarenese (Bari) (Modena)
1934–35 Genova 1893 Bari
1935–36 Lucchese Novara (Livorno)
1936–37 Livorno Atalanta (Modena)
1937–38 Modena Novara (Alessandria)
1938–39 Fiorentina Venezia (Atalanta)
1939–40 Atalanta Livorno (Lucchese)
1940–41 Liguria Modena (Brescia)
1941–42 Bari Vicenza (Pescara)
1942–43 Modena Brescia (Napoli)
1945–46 Alessandria (Pro Patria) (Vigevano) Napoli, Bari[b]
1946–47 Gir. A: Pro Patria
Gir. B: Lucchese
Gir. C: Salernitana
Gir. A: (Legnano)
Gir. B: (Padova)
Gir. C: (Ternana)
Gir. A: (Novara)
Gir. B: (Empoli)
Gir. C: (Pescara)
1947–48 Gir. A: Novara
Gir. B: Padova
Gir. C: Palermo
Gir. A: (Brescia)
Gir. B: (Verona)
Gir. C: (Pisa)
Gir. A: (Como)
Gir. B: (Spal)
Gir. C: (Lecce)
1948–49 Como Venezia (Vicenza)
1949–50 Napoli Udinese (Legnano)
1950–51 SPAL Legnano (Modena)
1951–52 Roma (Brescia) (Messina)
1952–53 Genoa Legnano (Catania)
1953–54 Catania Pro Patria (Cagliari)
1954–55 Lanerossi Vicenza Padova (Modena)
1955–56 Udinese Palermo (Como)
1956–57 Verona Alessandria (Brescia)
1957–58 Triestina Bari (Venezia)
1958–59 Atalanta Palermo (Lecco)
1959–60 Torino Lecco Catania
1960–61 Venezia Ozo Mantova Palermo
1961–62 Genoa Napoli Modena
1962–63 Messina Bari Lazio
1963–64 Varese Cagliari Foggia
1964–65 Brescia Napoli SPAL
1965–66 Venezia Lecco Mantova
1966–67 Sampdoria Varese (Catanzaro)
1967–68 Palermo Verona Pisa
1968–69 Lazio Brescia Bari
1969–70 Varese Foggia Catania
1970–71 Mantova Atalanta Catanzaro
1971–72 Ternana Lazio Palermo
1972–73 Genoa Cesena Foggia
1973–74 Varese Ascoli Ternana
1974–75 Perugia Como Verona
1975–76 Genoa Catanzaro Foggia
1976–77 Lanerossi Vicenza Atalanta Pescara
1977–78 Ascoli Catanzaro Avellino
1978–79 Udinese Cagliari Pescara
1979–80 Como Pistoiese Brescia
1980–81 Milan Genoa Cesena
1981–82 Verona Pisa Sampdoria
1982–83 Milan Lazio Catania
1983–84 Atalanta Como Cremonese
1984–85 Pisa Lecce Bari
1985–86 Ascoli Brescia (Lanerossi Vicenza) Empoli
1986–87 Pescara Pisa Cesena
1987–88 Bologna Lecce Lazio Atalanta
1988–89 Genoa Bari Udinese Cremonese
1989–90 Torino Pisa Cagliari Parma
1990–91 Foggia Verona Cremonese Ascoli
1991–92 Brescia Pescara Ancona Udinese
1992–93 Reggiana Cremonese Piacenza Lecce
1993–94 Fiorentina Bari Brescia Padova
1994–95 Piacenza Udinese Vicenza Atalanta
1995–96 Bologna Verona Perugia Reggiana
1996–97 Brescia Empoli Lecce Bari
1997–98 Salernitana Venezia Cagliari Perugia
1998–99 Verona Torino Reggina Lecce
1999–00 Vicenza Atalanta Brescia Napoli
2000–01 Torino Piacenza Chievo Venezia
2001–02 Como Modena Reggina Empoli
2002–03 Siena Sampdoria Lecce Ancona
2003–04 Palermo Cagliari Livorno Messina, Atalanta, Fiorentina[c]
2004–05 (Genoa) Empoli (Torino) Treviso, Ascoli
2005–06 Atalanta Catania Torino
2006–07 Juventus Napoli Genoa
2007–08 Chievo Bologna Lecce
2008–09 Bari Parma Livorno
2009–10 Lecce Cesena Brescia
2010–11 Atalanta Siena Novara
2011–12 Pescara Torino (Sassuolo) Sampdoria
2012–13 Sassuolo Verona Livorno
2013–14 Palermo Empoli (Latina) Cesena
2014–15 Carpi Frosinone (Vicenza) Bologna
2015–16 Cagliari Crotone (Trapani) Pescara
2016–17 SPAL Hellas Verona (Frosinone) Benevento
2017–18 Empoli Parma (Frosinone)

Performance by club

Updated as of 2017–18 season

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Years
Genoa 6 1 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1976, 1989
Atalanta 6 3 1928, 1940, 1959, 1984, 2006, 2011
Palermo 5 2 1932, 1948, 1968, 2004, 2014
Bari 4 6 1935, 1942, 1946, 2009
Brescia 3 6 1965, 1992, 1997
Verona 3 5 1957, 1982, 1999
Como 3 2 1949, 1980, 2002
Torino 3 2 1960, 1990, 2001
Varese 3 1 1964, 1970, 1974
Vicenza 3 1 1955, 1977, 2000
Fiorentina 3 1931, 1939, 1994
Novara 3 3 1927, 1938, 1948
Venezia 2 3 1961, 1966
Napoli 2 3 1946, 1950
Pescara 2 2 1987, 2012
Udinese 2 2 1956, 1979
Ascoli 2 1 1978, 1986
Livorno 2 1 1933, 1937
Bologna 2 1 1988, 1996
Empoli 2 1 2005, 2018
Lucchese 2 1936, 1947
Milan 2 1981, 1983
Salernitana 2 1947, 1998
SPAL 2 1951, 2017
Modena 1 4 1943
Pisa 1 4 1985
Cagliari 1 3 2016
Padova 1 3 1948
Lazio 1 2 1969
Lecce 1 2 2010
Perugia 1 2 1975
Pro Patria 1 2 1947
Alessandria 1 1 1946
Catania 1 1 1954
Foggia 1 1 1991
Mantova 1 1 1971
Piacenza 1 1 1995
Reggiana 1 1 1993
Sampdoria 1 1 1967
Siena 1 1 2003
Ternana 1 1 1972
Carpi 1 2015
Casale 1 1930
Chievo 1 2008
Juventus 1 2007
Liguria 1 - 1941
Messina 1 1963
Roma 1 1952
Sampierdarenese 1 - 1934
Sassuolo 1 2013
Triestina 1 1958
Spezia 1 1929
Legnano 4
Catanzaro 2
Cesena 2
Lecco 2
Parma 2
Cremonese 1
Crotone 1
Frosinone 1
Pistoiese 1
Treviso 1

Titles by region

Updated at the end of 2016–17 season

Region Titles Winning Clubs
 Lombardia
18
Atalanta (6), Brescia (3), Como (3), Varese (3), Milan (2), Mantova (1), Pro Patria (1)
 Toscana
10
Fiorentina (3), Livorno (2), Lucchese (2), Empoli (1), Pisa (1), Siena (1)
 Veneto
10
Verona (3), Vicenza (3), Venezia (2), Chievo (1), Padova (1)
 Liguria
9
Genoa (6), Liguria (1), Sampdoria (1), Sampierdarenese (1), Spezia (1)
 Emilia-Romagna
9
Bologna (2), SPAL (2), Carpi (1), Modena (1), Piacenza (1), Reggiana (1), Sassuolo (1)
 Piemonte
8
Torino (3), Novara (3), Alessandria (1), Casale (1), Juventus (1)
 Sicilia
7
Palermo (5), Catania (1), Messina (1)
 Puglia
6
Bari (4), Foggia (1), Lecce (1)
 Campania
4
Salernitana (2), Napoli (2)
 Friuli-Venezia Giulia
3
Udinese (2), Triestina (1)
 Abruzzo
2
Pescara (2)
 Lazio
2
Lazio (1), Roma (1)
 Marche
2
Ascoli (2)
 Umbria
2
Perugia (1), Ternana (1)
 Sardinia
1
Cagliari (1)

Titles by city

Updated at the end of 2016–17 season

City Titles Winning Clubs
Genoa
9
Genoa (6), Liguria (1), Sampdoria (1), Sampierdarenese (1)
Bergamo
6
Atalanta (6)
Palermo
5
Palermo (5)
Turin
4
Torino (3), Juventus (1)
Verona
4
Verona (3), Chievo (1)
Bari
4
Bari (4)
Brescia
3
Brescia (3)
Como
3
Como (3)
Florence
3
Fiorentina (3)
Varese
3
Varese (3)
Vicenza
3
Vicenza (3)
Novara
3
Novara (3)
Ascoli Piceno
2
Ascoli (2)
Bologna
2
Bologna (2)
Ferrara
2
SPAL (2)
Livorno
2
Livorno (2)
Lucca
2
Lucchese (2)
Milan
2
Milan (2)
Naples
2
Napoli (2)
Pescara
2
Pescara (2)
Rome
2
Lazio (1), Roma (1)
Salerno
2
Salernitana (2)
Udine
2
Udinese (2)
Venice
2
Venezia (2)
Alessandria
1
Alessandria (1)
Busto Arsizio
1
Pro Patria (1)
Cagliari
1
Cagliari (1)
Carpi
1
Carpi (1)
Casale Monferrato
1
Casale (1)
Catania
1
Catania (1)
Empoli
1
Empoli (1)
Foggia
1
Foggia (1)
La Spezia
1
Spezia (1)
Lecce
1
Lecce (1)
Mantua
1
Mantova (1)
Messina
1
Messina (1)
Modena
1
Modena (1)
Padua
1
Padova (1)
Perugia
1
Perugia (1)
Piacenza
1
Piacenza (1)
Pisa
1
Pisa (1)
Reggio Emilia
1
Reggiana (1)
Sassuolo
1
Sassuolo (1)
Siena
1
Siena (1)
Terni
1
Ternana (1)
Trieste
1
Triestina (1)

Promotions by region

Updated at the end of 2016–17 season

Region Promotions Promoted Clubs
 Lombardia
48
Atalanta (12), Brescia (11), Como (5), Cremonese (4), Varese (4), Legnano (3), Mantova (3), Lecco (2), Milan (2), Pro Patria (2)
 Veneto
27
Verona (9), Venezia (6), Vicenza (5), Padova (4), Chievo (2), Treviso (1)
 Emilia-Romagna
26
Modena (5), Cesena (5), Bologna (4), Piacenza (3), SPAL (3), Reggiana (2), Parma (2), Carpi (1), Sassuolo (1)
 Puglia
25
Bari (12), Lecce (8), Foggia (5)
 Toscana
23
Pisa (5), Empoli (5), Fiorentina (4), Livorno (4), Lucchese (2), Siena (2), Pistoiese (1)
 Sicilia
16
Palermo (9), Catania (5), Messina (2)
 Liguria
14
Genoa (8), Sampdoria (4), Liguria (1), Sampierdarenese (1)
 Piemonte
14
Torino (6), Novara (4), Alessandria (2), Casale (1), Juventus (1)
 Campania
10
Napoli (6), Salernitana (2), Avellino (1), Benevento (1)
 Friuli-Venezia Giulia
7
Udinese (6), Triestina (1)
 Lazio
7
Lazio (5), Frosinone (1), Roma (1)
 Marche
7
Ascoli (5), Ancona (2)
 Abruzzo
6
Pescara (6)
 Calabria
6
Catanzaro (3), Reggina (2), Crotone (1)
 Sardinia
6
Cagliari (6)
 Umbria
5
Perugia (3), Ternana (2)

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ The championship was suspended from 1943 to 1945 due to WWII, and the 1945–46 northern edition is not statistically considered by FIGC, even if its promotion result was official.
  2. ^ 1945–46 Serie A-B Southern Italy co-champions.
  3. ^ Due to expansion from 18 teams to 20 teams of Serie A.

References

  1. ^ http://www.calcioefinanza.it/2018/06/22/nuovo-title-sponsor-serie-b-bkt/
  2. ^ "Dalla nuova Lega Serie B, nasce il campionato Serie bwin". Lega Serie B (in Italian). 7 July 2010. Archived from the original on 12 July 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "Ecco il calendario ufficiale della Serie B ConTe.it". legab.it (in Italian). Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie B. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "Italy's Serie B to introduce green cards; rewards given after season". Foxsports.com. 4 September 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  5. ^ "Italy - Serie B All-Time Table 1929–2011". rsssf.com. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 

External links

  • Serie B ConTe.it League official website (in Italian)
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