Selim Aitkulov

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Selim Aitkulov
Selim Aitkulov.jpg
Native name
Сәлім Нығметұлы Айтқұлов
Born 10 January 1913
Muhorsky village, Ural Oblast, Russian Empire
Died 24 April 1975
Uralsk, Kazakh SSR
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Red Army
Years of service 1941-1945
Rank Junior lieutenant
Unit 75th Guards Rifle Division
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin
Medal "For Courage"

Selim Aitkulov (Kazakh: Сәлім Нығметұлы Айтқұлов; 10 January 1913 – 24 April 1975) was a Tatar soldier of the Red Army and Hero of the Soviet Union. Aitkulov was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin for actions during the Battle of the Dnieper, in which he took command of his platoon after his platoon commander was wounded. After the war, Aitkulov was the head of the Uralsk Regional Consumer Union's Organization Department.[1]

Early life

Selim Aitkulov was born on 10 January 1913 in Muhorsky village in the Ural Oblast to a Tatar peasant family. He graduated from ninth grade in 1930 and worked at a factory in Uralsk.[1][2][3]

World War II

In July 1941, Aitkulov was drafted into the Red Army and fought in combat from September.[3] He fought in the Battle of Kharkov in May 1942. In 1943, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In July, Aitkulov fought in the Battle of Kursk.[4] On 31 August Aitkulov received the Medal "For Courage" for his actions.[5]

At the end of September, Aitkulov was an Efreitor in the 231st Guards Rifle Regiment of the 75th Guards Rifle Division. During the Battle of the Dnieper, he reportedly crossed the Dnieper multiple times on reconnaissance patrols, reportedly discovering intelligence. On 29 September, during fighting in Yasnogorodka village in Vyshhorod Raion, he reportedly took command after his platoon commander was wounded. Allegedly, the platoon repulsed nine German counterattacks. Aitkulov reportedly continued to lead the platoon and repulsed three counterattacks on 5 October. Allegedly, he was severely wounded but stayed in combat and killed four German soldiers with two grenades.[6] On 17 October, Aitkulov was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin.[1][2] After recovering from his wounds, Aitkulov was sent to the Odessa Infantry School and was promoted to junior lieutenant upon graduation.[7] He went back to combat and fought in battles in Poland and Czechoslovakia.[4]


Aitkulov was discharged with the rank of Junior lieutenant. After the end of World War II, Aitkulov returned to Uralsk and worked as the head of the organization department of the regional consumers' union.[8] He died on 24 April 1975 and is buried in Uralsk.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c d "Айткулов Салим Нигматович" [Selim Nigmatovich Aitkulov]. (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-15.
  2. ^ a b c "Библиотека - Люди и книги" [Selim Nigmatovich Aitkulov]. (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-15.
  3. ^ a b Ismagilov, Ibrahim Fatykhovich (2006). Герой татарского народа [Hero of the Tatar People] (in Russian). Tatar Book Publishing House.
  4. ^ a b "Институт Татарской Энциклопедии" [Institute of the Academy of Science of the Tatar Encyclopaedia]. (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-16.
  5. ^ Order No. 27 231st Guards Rifle Regiment 75th Guards Rifle Division, available online at
  6. ^ "Подвиг народа" [Premium list entry Selim Aitkulov]. Archived from the original on 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
  7. ^ "28 декабря. КАЛЕНДАРЬ КАЗИНФОРМА "ДАТЫ. СОБЫТИЯ. ИМЕНА"" [28 December. Calendar Kazinform "Dates. Developments. Names."]. (in Russian). 28 December 2014. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
  8. ^ "АЙТКУЛОВ Салим Нигматович" [Selim Aitkulov]. Virtual Museum of the Great Patriotic War of the Republic of Tatarstan (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-15.
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