Selenga River

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Selenga River

Selenga River in Russia
Country Russia, Mongolia
Physical characteristics
Source Delgermörön River
2nd source Ider River
Source confluence Olon golyn bilchir
 - location Khövsgöl, Mongolia
 - coordinates 49°15′40″N 100°40′45″E / 49.26111°N 100.67917°E / 49.26111; 100.67917
Mouth Lake Baikal
Length 992 km (616 mi)
Basin size 447,000 km2 (173,000 sq mi)
 - location Ust-Kyakhta
 - average 284 m3/s (10,000 cu ft/s)
 - minimum 23 m3/s (810 cu ft/s)February
 - maximum 601 m3/s (21,200 cu ft/s)August
Basin features
 - right Uda River

The Selenga River (/sɛlɛŋˈɡɑː/,[1] Selenge River, Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ мөрөн, Selenge mörön; Russian Buryat: Сэлэнгэ гол / Сэлэнгэ мүрэн, Selenge gol / Selenge müren; Russian: Селенга́, IPA: [sʲɪlʲɪnˈɡa]) is a major river in Mongolia and Buryatia, Russia. Its source rivers are the Ider River and the Delgermörön river. It flows into Lake Baikal and has a length of 992 kilometres (616 mi)[2][3] or 1,024 kilometres (636 mi), according to other sources.[4] The Selenga River is the headwaters of the Yenisei-Angara River system. Carrying 935 cubic metres per second (33,000 cu ft/s) of water into Lake Baikal, it comprises almost half of the riverine inflow and forms a wide delta of 680 square kilometres (260 sq mi), when it reaches the lake.

The name derives from Mongolian verb "seleh" (to swim). According to another version, the name originated with the Evenki sele 'iron' + -nga (suffix) .[5] Selenge Province in Mongolia is derived from the name of this river.

See also


  1. ^ "Selenga",
  2. ^ H. Barthel, Mongolei-Land zwischen Taiga und Wüste, Gotha 1990, p.34f
  3. ^ "Сэлэнгэ мөрөн". Archived from the original on December 5, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2007.
  4. ^ "Селенга". Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
  5. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Географические названия Мира (Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira, Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 378.

External links

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