Sejong City

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Sejong
세종시
Special Self-Governing City
Sejong Special Self-Governing City
  transcription(s)
 • Hangul 세종
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Sejong Teukbyeol-jachisi
 • McCune-Reischauer Sechong T’ŭkpyŏl-chach’isi
Government Complex Sejong (N).jpg
Flag of Sejong
Flag
Official logo of Sejong
Emblem of Sejong
Map of South Korea with Sejong highlighted
Map of South Korea with Sejong highlighted
Country  South Korea
Region Hoseo
Neighbourhood
Town
Townships
2
1
9
Government
 • Mayor Lee Chunhee
Area
 • Total 465.23 km2 (179.63 sq mi)
Population (May, 2016)
 • Total 230,327[1]
 • Dialect Chungcheong
Flower Peach
Tree Pine
Bird Dollarbird
Website sejong.go.kr
Construction site in Sejong, November 2009

Sejong (Korean pronunciation: [se(ː).dʑoŋ]; Hangul: 세종; Hanja: 世宗), officially Sejong Special Self-Governing City[2] (Hangul: 세종특별자치시; Hanja: 世宗特別自治市) and formerly known as Yeongi (연기, 燕岐) County is South Korea's de facto administrative capital city. In early 2007, the South Korean government created a special administrative district from parts of South Chungcheong Province and North Chungcheong Province provinces, near Daejeon, to relocate nine ministries and four national agencies from Seoul. The new capital opened on 2 July 2012, with 36 government agencies slated to move there by 2015.[3]

Name

Sejong was named in honor of the Joseon Dynasty King Sejong the Great, the father of Korea's national alphabet.[4]

The city was originally called Yeongi County (연기, 燕岐).

History

In 2003, former President Roh Moo-hyun of the Democratic Party (now Minjoo Party of Korea) sought to relocate the national capital of South Korea from the metropolitan city of Seoul to a new multifunctional administrative city in the centre of the country. The goal was to reduce the influence and dominance of Seoul on national governance and economics, whilst promoting the regional development of other areas of the country.[5] According to former Home Administration Minister Maeng Hyung-gyu in 2012, “Sejong is a symbol of the country’s efforts toward more balanced regional development", helping to decongest Seoul and spur investment in the country’s central region.

In October 2004, the Constitutional Court dealt a setback to President Roh's plans, ruling that the capital must remain in Seoul in response to a complaint filed by the main opposition Grand National Party (now Liberty Korea Party). As such, the Roh administration was forced to modify the project to relocate the majority of ministries and government institutes to Sejong, which would become a special administrative city instead of a new capital. The revised plan was approved by the parliament in March 2005. Challenges to the new plan were rejected by the Constitutional Court in November 2005.[6]

When the Conservative Grand National Party retook the presidential office in 2008, President Lee Myung-bak opposed the idea of moving government agencies, claiming that it would hurt the capital’s global competitiveness and result in inefficiency.[7] Plans were made to make Sejong an industrial, science and education hub instead. This plan was opposed by many, including Roh’s allies and some members of the ruling Grand National Party, including Lee’s archrival and eventual successor Park Geun-hye. Defeat in the mid-2010 local elections forced Lee to present the proposal to the National Assembly, which voted them down.

As of 2014, 36 central government offices, including nine ministries, and 16 state-run organisations have moved into the city. However, the national assembly and many important government bodies are still in Seoul.

In July 2012 Sejong was created incorporating all of Yeongi County, three townships of Gongju[8] and one township of Cheongwon County.

In April 2013 the government of Putrajaya, Malaysia signed a letter of intent (LOI) with the government of Sejong City to mark cooperation between the two cities.

Geography

Sejong is located between three other major Korean cities: Daejeon, Cheonan and Cheongju.[citation needed]

It is about 121 kilometres (75 mi) from Seoul.[9]

Cityscape

As of 2012 much of the city was under construction. The residential area, by 2012, had several high-rises built for transferees. At that time the residential area was cordoned off from much of the under-development governmental area and had some restaurants, six schools, and one grocery store.

Administrative divisions

The six haengjeong-dong and Jochiwon-eup is the city main urban center. Sejong is divided into 6 haengjeong-dong (administrative neighbourhood), 1 eup (town) and 9 myeon (townships).

Map Name Hangul Hanja Population
(2017.2)[1]
Area
(km2)
Sejong-map2.png
Administrative Neighbourhoods
Hansol-dong 한솔동 한솔洞* 22,559 7.60
Dodam-dong 도담동 도담洞* 31,677 4.72
Areum-dong 아름동 아름洞* 24,652 2.19
Jongchon-dong 종촌동 宗村洞 30,630 1.15
Goeun-dong 고운동 고운洞* 26,414 5.35
Boram-dong 보람동 보람洞* 14,877 7.28
Towns
Jochiwon-eup 조치원읍 鳥致院邑 46,343 13.56
Townships
Yeongi-myeon 연기면 燕岐面 2,738 43.93
Yeondong-myeon 연동면 燕東面 3,595 28.32
Bugang-myeon 부강면 芙江面 6,734 27.79
Geumnam-myeon 금남면 錦南面 9,696 78.70
Janggun-myeon 장군면 將軍面 6,323 53.23
Yeonseo-myeon 연서면 燕西面 8,001 54.60
Jeonui-myeon 전의면 全義面 6,504 62.44
Jeondong-myeon 전동면 全東面 3,997 57.74
Sojeong-myeon 소정면 小井面 2,860 16.47
Notes
  • There are no Hanja for "Hansol," "Dodam," "Areum," "Goeun," and "Boram."

Population and demographics

The city aims to have a population of 200,000 at the end of 2012, 300,000 by 2020 and 500,000 by 2030.[10]

Government and infrastructure

The South Korean government plans to move 36 government ministries and agencies to Sejong City.[9]

The Sejong Government Complex is located in Sejong City. The complex, on a 213,000-square-metre (2,290,000 sq ft) plot of land, has seven stories and one basement. Construction began in November 2011 in what was South Chungcheong Province, and the complex was completed on November 16, 2013. The ceremony to mark the movement of several government agencies to the complex occurred on December 23, 2013.[11]

The Sejong Government Complex includes the head offices of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MOLIT), the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE), the Ministry of Environment,[12] the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries,[13] the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MCST), the Ministry of Education,[14] the Ministry of Strategy and Finance, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA),[15] and the Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL).

Several MOLIT agencies, the Korea Office of Civil Aviation (KOCA), the Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal (KMST), and the Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Board (ARAIB), have their headquarters in the Sejong Government Complex.

The Ministry of Health and Welfare is also located in Sejong City.

Educational facilities

Universities

Senior high schools

Transportation

Air

Sejong is also served by Cheongju International Airport in Cheongju, the nearest airport to Sejong.

National railway

Sejong is centrally located on Gyeongbu Line operated by Korail. It's a 90 minute journey on the Mugunghwa-ho to Seoul and trains run approximately every 30 minutes. Also just outside Jochiwon-eup limits in Osong, Cheongwon has a new KTX station Osong Station which is a KTX bullet train that frequently travels 300 km/h.

In popular culture

The 2015 tvN television series Let's Eat 2 is based in Sejong city.[17][18][19]

References

  1. ^ a b http://rcps.egov.go.kr:8081/ageStat.do?command=month
  2. ^ [1], p. 39.
  3. ^ "South Korea opens 'mini capital' in Sejong City". BBC. 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  4. ^ BBC NEWS: S Korea chooses new capital site
  5. ^ "Sejong City to open Sunday". Korea Herald. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Sejong City to open Sunday". Korea Herald. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "Sejong City to open Sunday". Korea Herald. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  8. ^ "Sejong City to Become Biz Hub, Not Gov't District". 
  9. ^ a b Harlan, Chico (Contributing: Yoonjung Seo) "With new Sejong City, South Korean government aims to rebalance power." Washington Post. August 17, 2012. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "But critics — including President Lee Myung-bak, who did not attend a recent launch ceremony here — say it’s crazy to set parts of the administration 75 miles apart."
  10. ^ Rahn, Kim. "Mini-capital Sejong City opens". The Korea Times. Retrieved July 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  11. ^ "Korea's new administrative center: Sejong City." (Archive) Korea.net. Korean Culture and Information Service (KOCIS, 해외문화홍보원). Retrieved on December 31, 2013.
  12. ^ "Home" (English). Ministry of Environment. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "Government Complex Sejong, 11, Doum6-Ro Sejong-City, 339-012, Republic of Korea"
  13. ^ "Home." Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. Retrieved on 2 January 2014. "(우)339-012 세종특별자치시 다솜2로 94 정부세종청사 5동 해양수산부"
  14. ^ "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Education (South Korea). Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Address : (339-012) 408 Galmae-ro, Sejong, Republic of Korea"
  15. ^ "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, 94 Dasom2-ro, Government Complex-Sejong, Sejong-si 339-012, Republic of Korea"
  16. ^ "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Adress [sic] : 402 Hannuri-daero, Sejong-si, 339-012, Republic of Korea"
  17. ^ Kwon, Ji-youn (20 April 2015). "Let's Eat actors playing just the right roles". The Korea Times. Retrieved 2015-04-30. 
  18. ^ Lee, Min-ji (10 February 2015). "B2ST's Yoon Du Jun, Seo Hyun Jin, and More Begin Script Reading for Let's Eat 2". enewsWorld. Retrieved 2015-02-13. 
  19. ^ Hong, Soo Jung (23 January 2015). "Let′s Eat 2 Confirms Cast with B2ST′s Yoon Du Jun, Seo Hyun Jin and More". eNewsWorld. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 

Further reading

  • Kang, Jeongmuk. "A Study on the Future Sustainability of Sejong, South Korea’s Multifunctional Administrative City, Focusing on Implementation of Transit Oriented Development." (Master’s Thesis) (Archive) Uppsala University Department of Earth Sciences. Examensarbete i Hållbar Utveckling 93.
  • Rahn, Kim. "Mini-capital Sejong City opens" (Archive). The Korea Times. July 1, 2012.
  • Ser, Myo-ma and Chun In-sung. "Ministries to start Sejong City move" (Archive). Joongang Daily. December 12, 2013.

External links

  • Sejong City Official Website
  • Multifunctional Administrative City Construction Agency (MACCA)

Coordinates: 36°29′13″N 127°16′56″E / 36.487002°N 127.282234°E / 36.487002; 127.282234

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