Segrave Trophy

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Segrave Trophy
Segrave Trophy.jpg
Awarded for "Outstanding Skill, Courage and Initiative on Land, Water and in the Air: the Spirit of Adventure".[1]
Presented by Royal Automobile Club
First awarded 1930
Currently held by John McGuinness (2016)
Website Official website
The Segrave Trophy Conditions of Award documentation

The Segrave Trophy is awarded to the British national who demonstrates "Outstanding Skill, Courage and Initiative on Land, Water and in the Air".[1] The trophy is named in honour of Sir Henry Segrave, the first person to hold both the land and water speed records simultaneously.[1] The award was established by Segrave's wife, Lady Doris, who was "determined to carry on his legacy".[2][3] The trophy, designed by sculptor Gilbert Bayes,[4] is awarded by the Royal Automobile Club. It has been awarded in most years since 1930;[5] it is not presented if, in the opinion of the committee, no achievement has been sufficient to deserve the award.[6] Past sponsors of the trophy include Castrol, Ford Motor Company and Aston Martin.[6][7]

The inaugural recipient of the Segrave Trophy was Australian-born Charles Kingsford Smith who flew solo from Ireland to Newfoundland, across the Atlantic, in just over 31 hours.[8] He also won the 1930 England to Australia air race, covering the distance solo in 13 days.[8] British aviatrix Amy Johnson became the first female recipient of the trophy in 1932 when she was cited for her flight from London to Cape Town in a de Havilland Puss Moth.[5] Since then, just four other women have won the award: Jean Batten (1936) for her solo 11-day flight from England to New Zealand, Fiona Gore (1980) for travelling in excess of 100 miles per hour (160 km/h) on water, Eve Jackson (1987) for her solo microlight flight from London to Sydney, and Louise Aitken-Walker (1990) for her victory in the short-lived World Rally Championship Ladies Cup.[5] The Segrave Trophy has been presented posthumously on four occasions, to Geoffrey de Havilland Jr. (1946), Donald Campbell (1966), Bruce McLaren (1969) and Joey Dunlop (2000).[5]

A subsidiary award, the Segrave Medal, may also be given to those individuals who have "played a fundamental role in helping the Segrave Trophy winner to achieve their goal".[9] Peter Du Cane received the medal in 1939 for the design and construction of Blue Bird K4. Bruce McLaren's teammate Denny Hulme and their chief mechanic Cary Taylor won the medal in 1969, their team having won every race of the 1969 Can-Am season.[10] In 1993, the car designer Eric Broadley was presented with the Segrave Medal for his work with Lola Cars. Mark Wilkinson received the medal in 2001 as co-pilot to trophy winner Tim Ellison, and Lady Moss, Stirling Moss's wife, won it in 2005 for her support of her husband.[5] Audi's Wolfgang Ullrich, Tom Kristensen and Loïc Duval received the Segrave Medal in 2013.[9] Additionally, the Segrave Certificate of Achievement may be awarded to a person who is not a British national, but would otherwise qualify for recognition. It has been presented just once, in 2002, to Bjørn Rune Gjelsten who was throttleman for powerboat racer Steve Curtis.[5]

List of recipients

Key
Posthumous award Indicates posthumous award
Year in which the Segrave Medal was awarded Indicates Segrave Medal was awarded that year
Year in which the Segrave Certificate of Achievement was awarded Indicates Segrave Certificate of Achievement was awarded that year
Year Image Recipient Nationality Citation[5] Ref(s)
1930 Charles Kingsford Smith Charles Kingsford Smith  AUS "For his east-west solo air crossing of the Atlantic from Ireland to Newfoundland in 31½ hours, and victory in 13 days, also solo, in the England to Australia Air Race, in the Southern Cross." [8][11]
1931 Bert Hinkler Bert Hinkler  AUS "For his solo flight in a de Havilland Puss Moth from Canada to London by the least direct route imaginable." [12]
1932 Amy Johnson Amy Johnson  GBR "For her record-breaking flight in a de Havilland Puss Moth from London to Cape Town." [13]
1933 Malcolm Campbell Malcolm Campbell  GBR "For raising the Land Speed Record to 272.11 miles per hour (437.92 km/h) in Blue Bird." [14]
1934 Ken Waller in 1934 Ken Waller  GBR "For his 4,000-mile (6,400 km) flight from Belgium to what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and back in a de Havilland DH.88 Comet, taking just 3,439 minutes." [15]
1935 George Eyston George Eyston  GBR "For the land speed records over 1 hour, 12 hours and 24 hours, including an average of 140.52 miles per hour (226.15 km/h) over 24 hours of driving in Speed of the Wind." [16]
1936 Jean Batten in 1937 Jean Batten  NZL "For her record-breaking solo flight in a Percival Gull from England to Auckland, taking 11 days and 45 minutes." [17]
1937 A.E. Clouston in 1936 A.E. Clouston  GBR "For his flight with Betty Kirby-Green in a de Havilland DH.88 Comet from Croydon to Cape Town and back in a flight time of 77 hours and 49 minutes." [18]
1938 A. T. Goldie Gardner A. T. Goldie Gardner  GBR "For attaining the class G land speed record of 186.6 miles per hour (300.3 km/h) in a 1100cc MG Magnette on the German autobahn." [19]
1939 Year in which the Segrave Medal was awarded Malcolm Campbell Malcolm Campbell  GBR "For setting the new water speed record of 141.74 miles per hour (228.11 km/h) at Coniston Water in Blue Bird K4." [20]
1940
No award due to the Second World War
[5]
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946 Geoffrey de Havilland Jr. Geoffrey de Havilland Jr. Posthumous award  GBR "Awarded posthumously for his contribution to British aviation as a test pilot developing aircraft such as the de Havilland Mosquito, the Hornet and the Vampire." [21]
1947 John Cobb in 1935 John Cobb  GBR "For raising the land speed record to 394.19 miles per hour (634.39 km/h) in the Railton Mobil Special." [22]
1948 John Derry John Derry  GBR "For becoming the first British pilot to break the speed of sound, which he did flying a de Havilland Vampire." [23]
1949
No award
[5][24]
1950
1951 Geoff Duke in 1951 Geoff Duke  GBR "For winning the 350cc and 500cc Motorcycle World Championships and both the junior and senior Tourist Trophy races in the same year." [25]
1952
No award
[5]
1953 Neville Duke Neville Duke  GBR "For setting a new air speed record of 727.63 miles per hour (1,171.01 km/h) in a Hawker Hunter over Littlehampton." [21]
1954
No award
[5]
1955 Donald Campbell  GBR "For setting a new water speed record of 202.15 miles per hour (325.33 km/h) on Ullswater in Bluebird K7." [26]
1956 Fairey Delta 2 in which Peter Twiss set a new air speed record Peter Twiss  GBR "For setting a new air speed record of 1,132 miles per hour (1,822 km/h) and becoming the first person to break 1,000 miles per hour (1,600 km/h) in level flight, in a Fairey Delta 2 (pictured)." [27]
1957 Stirling Moss in 1958 Stirling Moss  GBR "For winning three Grands Prix with Vanwall and breaking five class speed records." [14]
1958 Donald Campbell  GBR "For raising the water speed record to 260 miles per hour (420 km/h) on Lake Coniston in Bluebird K7." [28]
1959
No award
[5]
1960 Short SC 1 aircraft in a museum Tom Brooke-Smith  GBR "For attaining vertical flight and hovering stationary in the air in an SC 1 VTOL aircraft (pictured)." [29]
1961
No award
[5]
1962 Lithograph of Bill Bedford in 1995 Bill Bedford  GBR "For completing the first vertical landing by a fixed-wing aircraft on an aircraft carrier, landing a Hawker P-1127 on HMS Ark Royal." [30]
1963
No award
[5]
1964 Donald Campbell  GBR "For becoming the first person since his father to achieve "the double" of raising the water speed record to 276.33 miles per hour (444.71 km/h) in Bluebird K7 on Lake Dumbleyung, Australia, and taking the land speed record to 429 miles per hour (690 km/h) at Lake Eyre in Bluebird CN7." [14]
1965
No award
[5]
1966 Donald Campbell Posthumous award  GBR "Awarded posthumously for outstanding contribution to mechanical development and aerodynamics." [31]
1967
No award
[5]
1968 Ken Wallis sitting in Little Nellie Ken Wallis  GBR "For his development and airmanship in the field of lightweight autogyro aircraft, and attaining multiple world records." [5]
1969 Bruce McLaren in 1966 Bruce McLaren Posthumous award  NZL "Awarded posthumously for the design, development and driving of cars that won every round of the 1969 Can-Am Championship." [10]
1970 Concorde in 1977 Brian Trubshaw  GBR "For his work in developing and successfully piloting the prototype Concorde supersonic airliner (pictured in 1977), including her first supersonic flight over land." [32]
1971
No award
[5]
1972
1973 Jackie Stewart in 1969 Jackie Stewart  GBR "For winning his third Formula One World Championship in five seasons with a British team, and becoming the most successful Grand Prix driver in history." [33]
1974
John Blashford-Snell  GBR "For leading the first Zaire River exploration ever to be completed." [34]
1975 Roger Clark Roger Clark & Stuart Turner, Jim Porter, Peter Ashworth and Tony Mason  GBR "For the success of Ford Motor Company in the British Rally Championship." [35]
1976 Peter Collins Peter Collins  GBR "For becoming the first British rider to win the World Speedway Championship." [36]
1977 Barry Sheene Barry Sheene  GBR "For retaining the 500cc Motorcycle Grand Prix World Championship." [36]
1978 John Cunningham John Cunningham  GBR "For his 40-year career as chief test pilot at de Havilland and later British Aerospace, including wartime service as a night-fighter pilot, scoring 20 aerial victories in the defence of Britain at the height of the Blitz." [5]
1979 Mike Hailwood Mike Hailwood  GBR "For his long career in motorcycle Grand Prix racing, Formula One and his successes in the Isle of Man TT, including his last, in 1979, at the age of 39, following a successful comeback to the event after an 11-year hiatus." [37]
1980
Fiona Gore  GBR "For becoming the first woman to achieve more than 100 miles per hour (160 km/h) on water by reaching 102 miles per hour (164 km/h) on Lake Windermere." [38]
1981
No award
[5]
1982 Sandy Woodward in 2013 Sandy Woodward  GBR "For his captaincy of flagship HMS Hermes on behalf of all who fought for the liberation of the Falkland Islands." [5]
1983 Richard Noble Richard Noble  GBR "For raising the land speed record to 633.468 miles per hour (1,019.468 km/h) at Black Rock Desert, Nevada, in Thrust 2." [14]
1984 Barry Sheene Barry Sheene  GBR "For his career in motorcycle Grand Prix racing, including being the only man to win World Championship events at all capacities from 50cc to 500cc." [39]
1985 Ken Wallis sitting in Little Nellie Ken Wallis  GBR "For his lifetime of achievement in aviation, including a multitude of world records for altitude, speed and range in autogyro aircraft." [40]
1986 Richard Branson in 2015 Richard Branson  GBR "For the development of the Virgin Atlantic Challenger and his effort to break the Blue Riband record crossing of the Atlantic in a sailing boat." [41]
1987
Eve Jackson  GBR "For her solo flight from London to Sydney in the microlight Shadow." [42]
1988 Martin Brundle in 2011 Martin Brundle  GBR "For winning the FIA Sportscar World Championship with Jaguar." [35]
1989 Bob Ives, Lewis Hamilton, Joe Ives and Stirling Moss in 2008 Bob Ives and Joe Ives  GBR "For victory in the off-road marathon the Camel Trophy, with its 1,062-mile (1,709 km) route through the Brazilian rainforest from Alta Floresta to Manaus." [43]
1990
Louise Aitken-Walker  GBR "For winning the Ladies' World Rally Championship title with Vauxhall." [44]
1991
Steve Webster  GBR "For winning his fourth FIM World Sidecar Championship title." [39]
1992 Nigel Mansell driving the Williams FW12 in 1988 Frank Williams and Nigel Mansell  GBR "For victory in the 1992 FIA Formula One World Championship for constructors (Williams) and drivers (Mansell) (pictured in the Williams F1 in Canada in 1988)." [35]
1993 Year in which the Segrave Medal was awarded Nigel Mansell driving in 1993 Nigel Mansell  GBR "For winning the CART IndyCar World Championship in America (pictured in the Lola T93/00 at the Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course) at the first attempt." [5]
1994 Carl Fogarty in 2015 Carl Fogarty  GBR "For winning the Superbike World Championship with Ducati." [33]
1995 Colin McRae in 2007 Colin McRae  GBR "For becoming the first British driver to win the FIA World Rally Championship with Subaru." [35]
1996 Damon Hill in 1995 Damon Hill  GBR "For becoming the FIA Formula One world champion and, in so doing, becoming the first son of a former champion to claim the title." [35]
1997 Thrust SSC Andy Green  GBR "For raising the land speed record to 763.065 miles per hour (1,228.034 km/h) at Black Rock, Nevada, in ThrustSSC (pictured) – becoming the first person to break the sound barrier on land." [14]
1998 Brian Milton Brian Milton  GBR "For becoming the first person to circumnavigate the world in a microlight." [45]
1999 Jackie Stewart in 1969 Jackie Stewart  GBR "For lifetime services to motor sport." [5]
2000 Joey Dunlop Joey Dunlop Posthumous award  GBR "Awarded posthumously in recognition of a career of unrivalled achievement in the Isle of Man TT." [39]
2001 Year in which the Segrave Medal was awarded
Tim Ellison  GBR "For the first circumnavigation flight by a disabled pilot." [5]
2002 Year in which the Segrave Certificate of Achievement was awarded Spirit of Norway driven by Steve Curtis Steve Curtis  GBR "For winning as driver in the World, European and Pole Position championships in offshore powerboat racing (Spirit of Norway powerboat pictured)." [14]
2003
Brian Lecomber  GBR "For his career of more than 20 years as a leading airshow pilot, and journalist and communicator on aerobatics and record breaking." [46]
2004
No award
[5]
2005 Year in which the Segrave Medal was awarded Stirling Moss in 1958 Stirling Moss  GBR "For his lifetime of achievement in all forms of motor sport, and his service to the sports." [5]
2006
No award
[5]
2007 Lewis Hamilton in 2008 Lewis Hamilton  GBR "For unprecedented achievements in his debut season in the FIA Formula One World Championship." [5]
2008 Allan McNish Allan McNish  GBR "For exceptional endeavour in motor sport." [47]
2009 Paul Bonhomme Paul Bonhomme  GBR "As Britain's first champion in the Red Bull Air Race." [14]
2010 Adrian Newey in 2011 Adrian Newey  GBR "For winning Formula One drivers' and constructors' World Championships with three teams: Williams-Renault, McLaren-Mercedes and Red Bull-Renault." [48]
2011
Dave Sykes  GBR "For being the first paraplegic pilot to fly from York to Sydney in a microlight aircraft, completing the journey in 257 hours." [49]
2012 John Surtees John Surtees  GBR "For his outstanding career in two- and four-wheeled motor sport, including seven Motorcycle World Championship titles, culminating in the unique achievement of being the only man to win both a Motorcycle World Championship and a Formula One World Championship." [50]
2013 Year in which the Segrave Medal was awarded Allan McNish Allan McNish  GBR "First Briton to win the Tourist Trophy, the Le Mans 24 Hours and the FIA World Endurance Championship in the same season." [51]
2014
No award
[5]
2015 John McGuinness in 2013 John McGuinness  GBR "For his outstanding contribution to motorcycle road and circuit racing, including setting the outright lap record at the 2015 Isle of Man TT." [14]
2016
No award
[5]
2017
Sam Sunderland  GBR "For being the first Briton to win a Dakar Rally crown by winning the motorcycle category in 2017." [52]

At the time of winning, the Australians Kingsford Smith and Hinkler, and New Zealander Batten, were also considered British subjects. New Zealander McLaren's award was after New Zealand's Citizenship Act of 1948 but he was recognised as his McLaren team was British-based.

References

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Further reading

  • Phil Drackett – They Call It Courage: the Story of the Segrave Trophy (Robert Hale, London, 1990) ISBN 0-7090-4028-8

External links

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