Secretary of State for War and the Colonies

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The Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was a British cabinet level position responsible for the army and the British colonies (other than India). The Department was created in 1801. In 1854 it was split into the separate offices of Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for the Colonies. The Secretary was supported by an Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies.

Secretaries of State for War and the Colonies, 1801–1854

Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
4thEarlOfBuckinghamshire.jpg Robert Hobart
The Lord Hobart
17 March
1801
12 May
1804
Tory Addington
(I & II)
John Jeffreys Pratt (1759–1840), Marquis Camden by William Salter.jpg John Pratt
The Earl Camden
14 May
1804
10 July
1805
Tory Pitt V
Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh.PNG Robert Stewart
Viscount Castlereagh

MP for Boroughbridge
10 July
1805
5 February
1806
Tory
William Windham by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg William Windham
MP for New Romney
5 February
1806
25 March
1807
Whig All the Talents
(I & II)
Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh.PNG Robert Stewart
Viscount Castlereagh

MP for Plympton Erle
25 March
1807
1 November
1809
Tory Portland
(II & III)
Earl jenkinson.jpg Robert Jenkinson
The Earl of Liverpool
1 November
1809
11 June
1812
Tory Perceval
Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst by William Salter.jpg Henry Bathurst
The Earl Bathurst
11 June
1812
30 April
1827
Tory Liverpool
(I–V)
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg F. J. Robinson
The Viscount Goderich
30 April
1827
3 September
1827
Tory Canning
(CanningiteWhig)
William Huskisson by Richard Rothwell.jpg William Huskisson
MP for Liverpool
3 September
1827
30 May
1828
Tory Goderich
(CanningiteWhig)
George Murray Portrait.jpg Sir George Murray
MP for Perthshire
30 May
1828
22 November
1830
Tory Wellington
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg F. J. Robinson
The Viscount Goderich
22 November
1830
3 April
1833
Whig Grey
(I–III)
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
MP for North Lancashire
3 April
1833
5 June
1834
Whig
1stBaronMonteagle.jpg Thomas Spring Rice
MP for Cambridge
5 June
1834
14 November
1834
Whig Melbourne I
Sir Arthur Wellesley Duke of Wellington.jpg Arthur Wellesley
The Duke of Wellington
17 November
1834
9 December
1834
Tory Wellington Caretaker
Earlofaberdeen.jpg George Hamilton-Gordon
The Earl of Aberdeen
20 December
1834
8 April
1835
Conservative Peel I
Lord-glenelg.jpg Charles Grant
The Lord Glenelg
18 April
1835
20 February
1839
Whig Melbourne
(II & III)
Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby by John Jackson.jpg Constantine Phipps
The Marquess of Normanby
20 February
1839
30 August
1839
Whig
Lord john russell.jpg Lord John Russell
MP for Stroud
30 August
1839
30 August
1841
Whig
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
The Lord Stanley of Bickerstaffe

MP for North Lancashire until 1844
Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe from 1844
3 September
1841
23 December
1845
Conservative Peel II
William Gladstone by Mayall, 1861.jpg William Ewart Gladstone 23 December
1845
27 June
1846
Conservative
3rdEarlGrey.jpg Henry Grey
The Earl Grey
6 July
1846
21 February
1852
Whig Russell
(I & II)
John Pakington 1st Baron Hampton.jpg Sir John Pakington Bt
MP for Droitwich
27 February
1852
17 December
1852
Conservative Who? Who?
(I & II)
5thDukeOfNewcastle.jpg Henry Pelham-Clinton
The Duke of Newcastle
28 December
1852
10 June
1854
Peelite Aberdeen
(PeeliteWhig)


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