Second Rockingham ministry

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Second Rockingham ministry
March–July 1782
2nd Marquess of Rockingham (cropped).png
Rockingham (after Joshua Reynolds)
Date formed 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)
Date dissolved 1 July 1782 (1782-07-01)
People and organisations
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Lord Rockingham
Total no. of ministers 16 appointments
Member party Rockingham Whigs
Status in legislature Majority
Opposition party Grenvillites
History
Legislature term(s) 15th GB Parliament
Predecessor North ministry
Successor Shelburne ministry

This is a list of the principal holders of government office during the second premiership of the Marquess of Rockingham for four months in 1782.

The North ministry resigned on 22 March 1782 after losing the confidence of Parliament following the British defeat at the Siege of Yorktown during the American War of Independence. Whig Lord Rockingham, Prime Minister from 1765 to 1766, formed a government. The Rockingham Whigs had generally been sympathetic to the cause of the Colonists and under Rockingham the British government began the negotiations leading to the Peace of Paris that concluded the war.

The death of Rockingham on 1 July 1782 caused a split in the ministry. Home Secretary Lord Shelburne was appointed to succeed him but several members of the government refused to serve under him and resigned. These "Portland Whigs" (named after their nominal leader, the Duke of Portland, but in reality led by Charles James Fox) allied in opposition with Lord North and brought down the Shelburne ministry in 1783, coming to power as the Fox–North coalition.

Cabinet

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office
The Marquess of Rockingham* 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 1 July 1782 (1782-07-01)
Lord Chancellor The Lord Thurlow 3 June 1778 (1778-06-03) 7 April 1783 (1783-04-07)
Lord President of the Council The Lord Camden 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 2 April 1783 (1783-04-02)
Lord Privy Seal The Duke of Grafton 1782 (1782) 1783 (1783)
Chancellor of the Exchequer Lord John Cavendish 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 10 July 1782 (1782-07-10)
Secretary of State for the Home Department The Earl of Shelburne 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 10 July 1782 (1782-07-10)
Charles James Fox 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 5 July 1782 (1782-07-05)
First Lord of the Admiralty The Viscount Keppel 1782 (1782) 1783 (1783)
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Lord Ashburton 17 April 1782 (1782-04-17) 29 August 1783 (1783-08-29)
Master-General of the Ordnance The Duke of Richmond 1782 (1782) 1783 (1783)

Ministers not in Cabinet

References

  • Cook, Chris; Stevenson, John (1980). British Historical Facts: 1760–1830. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-0-333-21512-8.
Preceded by
North ministry
Government of Great Britain
1782
Succeeded by
Shelburne ministry
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