Second Cornish uprising of 1497

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Second Cornish uprising of 1497
Date 4 October 1497
Location Whitesand Bay
Result England Kingdom of England victory
Belligerents
Cornwall Cornish gentry England Kingdom of England
Commanders and leaders
Perkin Warbeck Executed as 'Richard IV' Henry VII
Giles, Lord Daubeney
Strength
2 ships, 120 men, 6,000 Cornish army King's Scouts

The Second Cornish uprising is the name given to the Cornish uprising of September 1497 when the pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck landed at Whitesand Bay, near Land's End, on 7 September with just 120 men in two ships.

Warbeck had seen the potential of the Cornish unrest in the 1st Cornish Rebellion of 1497 even though the Cornish had been defeated at the Battle of Blackheath on 17 June 1497. Warbeck proclaimed that he would put a stop to extortionate taxes levied to help fight a war against Scotland and was warmly welcomed in Cornwall. His wife, Lady Catharine, was left in the safety of St Michael's Mount and when he decided to attack Exeter his supporters declared him ‘Richard IV’ on Bodmin Moor.[1] Most of the Cornish gentry supported Warbeck's cause after their setback previously in June of that year and on 17 September a Cornish army some 6,000 strong entered Exeter, where the walls were badly damaged, before advancing on Taunton.[2]

Henry VII sent his chief general, Giles, Lord Daubeney, to attack the Cornish and when Warbeck heard that the King's scouts were at Glastonbury he panicked and deserted his army. Warbeck was captured at Beaulieu Abbey in Hampshire, where he surrendered. Henry VII reached Taunton on 4 October 1497, where he received the surrender of the remaining Cornish army. The ringleaders were executed and others fined an enormous total of £13,000. 'King Richard' was imprisoned, first, at Taunton, then in London, where he was ‘paraded through the streets on horseback amid much hooting and derision of the citizens’.[3] On 23 November 1499 Warbeck was drawn on a hurdle from the Tower to Tyburn, London, where he read out a ‘confession’ and was hanged.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ Cornwall timeline 1497 Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Cornwall, Philip Payton (1996), Fowey: Alexander Associates
  3. ^ Channel 4 - Perkin Warbeck
  4. ^ Perkin Warbeck Archived 2007-12-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Bodmin - Centre of three Cornish uprisings
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Second_Cornish_uprising_of_1497&oldid=859271744"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Cornish_uprising_of_1497
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Second Cornish uprising of 1497"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA