Scottish National Gallery

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Scottish National Gallery
National Gallery of Scotland restitch1 2005-08-07.jpg
National Gallery of Scotland and Royal Scottish Academy Building, viewed from the South (2005)
Scottish National Gallery is located in Edinburgh
Scottish National Gallery
Location within Edinburgh
Established 1859; 158 years ago (1859)
Location The Mound
Edinburgh
Scotland
United Kingdom
Coordinates Coordinates: 55°57′3.24″N 3°11′44.38″W / 55.9509000°N 3.1956611°W / 55.9509000; -3.1956611
Visitors

1,544,069 (2015)[1][2]

Public transit access National Rail Waverley
Website www.nationalgalleries.org
Scottish National Gallery, viewed from the north
The lower entrance of the Scottish National Gallery in Princes Street Gardens
Interior of the ground floor main galleries of the Scottish National Gallery
Montagne Sainte-Victoire by Paul Cézanne (1839–1906)
"Mrs Robert Scott Moncrieff" by Sir Henry Raeburn (1756–1823)
"The Lomellini Family" by Van Dyck (1599–1641)
"Madonna and Child" by Don Lorenzo Monaco (1370–1425)
Edinburgh Castle and National Gallery (3610788685)

The Scottish National Gallery is the national art gallery of Scotland. It is located on The Mound in central Edinburgh, in a neoclassical building designed by William Henry Playfair, and first opened to the public in 1859.[3] The gallery houses the Scottish national collection of fine art, including Scottish and international art from the beginning of the Renaissance up to the start of the 20th century.

History

The origins of Scotland's national collection lie with the Royal Institution for the Encouragement of the Fine Arts in Scotland, founded in 1819. It began to acquire paintings, and in 1828 the Royal Institution building opened on The Mound. In 1826, the Scottish Academy was founded by a group of artists as an offshoot of the Royal Institution, and in 1838 it became the Royal Scottish Academy (RSA). A key aim of the RSA was the founding of a national collection. It began to build up a collection and from 1835 rented exhibition space within the Royal Institution building.[3]

In the 1840s, plans were put in place for a new building to house the RSA.[3] William Henry Playfair was commissioned to prepare designs, and on 30 August 1850, Prince Albert laid the foundation stone.[4] The building was originally divided along the middle, with the east half housing the exhibition galleries of the RSA, and the western half containing the new National Gallery,[4] formed from the collection of the Royal Institution.[3] In 1912 the RSA moved into the Royal Institution building, which remains known as the Royal Scottish Academy Building. At this time, internal remodelling was carried out by William Thomas Oldrieve.[4] When it re-opened, the gallery concentrated on building its permanent collection of Scottish and European art for the nation of Scotland

Additional basement galleries were constructed in 1970.[4] In the early 21st century, the Playfair Project saw the renovation of the Royal Scottish Academy Building and the construction of an underground connecting space between the Gallery and the Academy Building. Construction took five years and cost £32 million.[5] The new underground space was opened as the Weston Link in August 2004.[6] Designed by John Miller and Partners, the link, now known as the Gardens Entrance, provides a new access from Princes Street Gardens and contains a lecture theatre, education area, shop, restaurant and an interactive gallery.[3]

Research

The research facilities at the Scottish National Gallery include the Prints and Drawings Collection of over 30,000 works on paper, from the early Renaissance to the late nineteenth century; and the reference-only Research Library. The Research Library covers the period from 1300 to 1900 and holds approximately 50,000 volumes of books, journals, slides, and microfiches, as well as some archival material relating to the collections, exhibitions and history of the National Gallery. The Print Room or Research Library can be accessed by appointment.

Collection

At the heart of the National Gallery's collection is a group of paintings transferred from the Royal Scottish Academy Building. This includes masterpieces by Jacopo Bassano, Van Dyck and Giambattista Tiepolo. The National Gallery did not receive its own purchase grant until 1903.

Key works of art displayed at the National Gallery include:

Other artists represented in the collection include:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Visits made in 2015 to visitor attractions in membership with ALVA". ALVA. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Latest Visitor Figures, ALVA, 2014. Retrieved on 10 July 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Scottish National Gallery - History & Architecture". Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d "THE MOUND, NATIONAL GALLERY OF SCOTLAND WITH RAILINGS (Ref:27679)". Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Playfair Project". National Galleries of Scotland. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "Opening day for gallery project". BBC News. 4 August 2009. 
  7. ^ National Gallery of Scotland, James Drummond
  8. ^ John Emms, National Gallery of Scotland.

External links

  • NationalGalleries.org homepage
  • BBC News – Report on the completion of the Playfair Project
  • NationalGalleries.org, collections
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