Scottish Labour Party

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Scottish Labour Party
Pàrtaidh Làbarach na h-Alba
Scots Labour Pairty
Leader Alex Rowley MSP (Acting)[1]
Deputy Leader Alex Rowley MSP
General Secretary Brian Roy
Founded 1900 [2][3]
Headquarters 290 Bath Street
Glasgow
G2 4RE
Student wing Scottish Labour Students
Youth wing Scottish Young Labour
Membership (2017) 21,500 [4][Note 1]
Ideology British unionism
Social democracy[6]
Democratic socialism
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre-left
National affiliation Labour Party (UK)
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
International affiliation Progressive Alliance,
Socialist International (Observer)
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours Red
Scottish seats in the House of Commons
7 / 59
Scottish seats in the European Parliament
2 / 6
Scottish Parliament
23 / 129
Local government in Scotland
250 / 1,227
Website
www.scottishlabour.org.uk

The Scottish Labour Party (Scottish Gaelic: Pàrtaidh Làbarach na h-Alba, Scots: Scots Labour Pairty;[7] branded Scottish Labour) is the sub-national section of the UK Labour Party that covers Scotland.

Labour hold 23 of 129 seats in the Scottish Parliament and two of six Scottish seats in the European Parliament. Labour won the largest share of the vote in Scotland at every UK general election from 1964 until 2015, where they lost heavily to the Scottish National Party,[8] every European Parliament general election from 1979 until being defeated by the SNP in 2009, and in the first two elections to the Scottish Parliament in 1999 and 2003. After these, Scottish Labour entered a coalition with the Scottish Liberal Democrats, forming a majority Scottish Executive. In the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, Scottish Labour became the second-largest party, with a lower share of the vote and one fewer seat than the Scottish National Party (SNP), who subsequently formed a minority government. It remained the second largest party after the 2011 Scottish Parliament election, with the SNP forming the first majority government since devolution in May 1999. In a landslide defeat at the 2015 UK general election, it was reduced to a single Member of Parliament, losing 40 of its 41 seats to the SNP, the first time the party had not won the largest number of seats in Scotland since 1959.[9] In the 2016 Scottish Parliament election, Scottish Labour lost 13 of its 37 seats, becoming the third-largest party for the first time after being surpassed by the Scottish Conservative Party. At the most recent general election in 2017, Labour won 7 seats in Scotland - significantly improving on it's performance two years previously- with 27.1% of the vote, but it became the third-largest party behind the SNP and the Conservatives.

Organisation

The Scottish Labour Party is registered with the Electoral Commission as an Accounting Unit (AU) of the UK Labour Party and is therefore not a registered political party under the terms of the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.

Scottish Executive Committee

The Scottish Labour Party is administered by the Scottish Executive Committee (SEC), which is responsible to the Labour Party's National Executive Committee (NEC).

The Scottish Executive Committee is made up of representatives of party members, elected members and party affiliates, for example, trade unions and socialist societies.

Party Officers:

  • Chair: Jamie Glackin
  • Vice Chair: Jacqueline Martin
  • Treasurer: Cathy Peattie

Leader of the Scottish Labour Party

Deputy Leader of the Scottish Labour Party

  • Anas Sarwar (17 December 2011 – 13 December 2014)
  • Kezia Dugdale (13 December 2014 – 13 June 2015)
    • Vacant (13 June 2015 – 15 August 2015)
  • Alex Rowley (15 August 2015 – present)

Leader of the Labour Party in the Scottish Parliament

General Secretary of the Scottish Labour Party

As with Welsh Labour, the Scottish Labour Party has its own general secretary which is the administrative head of the party, responsible for the day-to-day running of the organisation, and reports to the UK General Secretary of the Labour Party.

The current Scottish general secretary is Brian Roy. His predecessor was Ian Price, who succeeded Colin Smyth in 2013.[10]

Headquarters

The Scottish Labour headquarters is currently at Bath Street, Glasgow. It was formerly co-located with the offices of Unite the Union at John Smith House, 145 West Regent Street.

Conference

The party holds an annual conference during February/March each year.

Membership

Scottish Labour Party membership since 1997
         Labour Party full members (excluding affiliates and supporters)
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
30,000
1997
2008
2010
2015

In 2008, Scottish Labour Party membership was reported as 17,000, down from a peak of approximately 30,000 in the run-up to the 1997 general election.[11] The figures included in the Annual Report presented to the Scottish Party Conference in 2008, also recorded that more than half of all Constituency Labour parties (CLPs) had less than 300 members, with 14 having less than 200 members.[12]

In September 2010, the party issued 13,135 ballot papers to party members during the Labour Party (UK) leadership election. These did not necessarily equate to 13,135 individual members – due to the party's electoral structure, members can qualify for multiple votes.[13] The party has declined to reveal its membership figures since 2008, and did not publish the number of votes cast in the leadership elections of 2011 or 2014, only percentages.[14]

In November 2014 the party's membership was claimed by an unnamed source reported in the Sunday Herald to be 13,500.[15] Other recent reports in the media have quoted figures of "as low as 8,000" (the Evening Times) [16] and "less than 10,000" (New Statesman).[17] In December 2014 the newly elected leader Jim Murphy claimed that the figure was "about 20,000" on the TV programme Scotland Tonight.[18]

In late September 2015, following a membership boost resulting from the 2015 Labour leadership election, a total of 29,899 people were associated with the party; 18,824 members, 7,790 people affiliated through trade unions and other groups, and 3,285 registered supporters.[19]

In September 2017, it was reported that the Party had 21,500 members and 9,500 affiliated through trade unions and other groups, making a total of 31,000 people associated with the Party.[4]

History

The Labour Party campaigned for the creation of a devolved Scottish Parliament as part of its wider policy of a devolved United Kingdom. In the late 1980s and 1990s it and its representatives participated in the Scottish Constitutional Convention with the Scottish Liberal Democrats, Scottish Green Party, trades unions and churches, and also campaigned for a "Yes-Yes" vote in the 1997 referendum.

1999–2007 coalition with Liberal Democrats

Donald Dewar led Labour's campaign for the first elections to the Scottish Parliament on 6 May 1999. Labour won the most votes and seats, with 56 seats out of 129, a clear distance ahead of the second-placed Scottish National Party (SNP). Labour also won 53 of the 73 constituency seats. Labour entered government by forming a coalition with the Scottish Liberal Democrats, with Dewar agreeing to their demand for the abolition of up-front tuition fees for university students as the price for a coalition deal. Dewar became the inaugural First Minister of Scotland.

Dewar died only a year later on 11 October 2000. A new first minister was elected in a ballot by Scottish Labour's MSPs and national executive members, because there was insufficient time to hold a full leadership election.[20] On 27 October, Henry McLeish was elected to succeed Dewar, defeating rival Jack McConnell. Labour's dominance of Scotland's Westminster seats continued in the 2001 general election, with a small loss of votes but no losses of seats.

McLeish resigned later that year amid a scandal involving allegations that he sub-let part of his tax-subsidised Westminster constituency office without it having been registered in the register of interests kept in the Parliamentary office. The press called the affair Officegate. Though McLeish could not have personally benefited financially from the oversight, he undertook to repay the £36,000 rental income, and resigned to allow the Scottish Labour Party a clean break to prepare for the 2003 Parliamentary elections. After McLeish's resignation, Jack McConnell quickly emerged as the only candidate, and was elected First Minister by the Parliament on 22 November 2001.

The coalition between Labour and the Liberal Democrats was narrowly re-elected at the 2003 Scottish Parliament election, with Labour losing 7 seats and the Liberal Democrats gaining 1. The SNP also lost seats, though other pro-independence parties made gains. At the 2005 general election, Labour again. The boundaries in Scotland were redrawn to reduce the number of Westminster constituencies in Scotland from 72 to 59. Labour had a notional loss of 5 seats and an actual loss of 15.

2007-10: Opposition at Holyrood

At the start of the campaign for the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, Labour were behind the Scottish National Party (SNP) in most of the opinion polls. On 10 April, McConnell unveiled Scottish Labour's election manifesto, which included plans to scrap (?) bills for pensioners and reform Council Tax. The manifesto also proposed a large increase in public spending on education, which would allow for the school leaving age to be increased to 18 and reduce average class sizes to 19 pupils.

Labour lost 4 seats and fell narrowly behind the SNP, who won 47 seats to Labour's 46 seats. Labour still won the most constituencies, but the SNP made inroads. Both parties were well short of a majority in the parliament. SNP leader Alex Salmond was elected first minister with support from the Scottish Greens, defeating McConnell 49-46 while the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats abstained. Labour did take the most votes in the local elections on the same day but lost seats due to the introduction of proportional representation for local council elections. On 15 August 2007, McConnell announced his intention to resign as Scottish Labour leader. Wendy Alexander emerged as the only candidate to succeed him, and was installed as leader of the Labour group in the Scottish Parliament on 14 September 2007.

During a TV interview on 4 May 2008, Wendy Alexander performed a major U-turn on previous Scottish Labour Party's policy by seeming to endorse a referendum on Scottish independence, despite previously refusing to support any referendum on the grounds that she did not support independence. During a further TV interview on 6 May 2008 she reiterated this commitment to a referendum and claimed that she had the full backing of current British Prime Minister Gordon Brown. The following day, Gordon Brown denied this was Labour policy and that Wendy Alexander had been misrepresented during Prime Minister's Questions in Westminster. Despite this lack of backing, Wendy Alexander once again reiterated her commitment to a referendum during First Minister's Questions in the Scottish Parliament.

On 28 June 2008, Wendy Alexander announced her resignation as Leader of the Scottish Labour Party as a result of the pressure on her following the donation scandal. Cathy Jamieson subsequently became interim leader of the Scottish Labour Party. A month after, Labour lost a safe Westminster seat to the SNP in the Glasgow East by-election.

The 2008 Labour group leadership election was the first time Labour had elected its Scottish leader with the participation of its members, using a system similar to that used at the time by the UK-wide Labour Party (the system had been adopted in 2007, but no ballot had taken place as Alexander had been unopposed). The contenders were Iain Gray, MSP for East Lothian, a former Enterprise Minister in the previous Labour Executive, Andy Kerr, MSP for East Kilbride and former Health Secretary in the previous administration, and Cathy Jamieson MSP, the acting party leader who had been deputy leader under Jack McConnell. On 13 September 2008, Iain Gray was elected leader and promised a "fresh start" for Labour in Scotland.

A few months later, Labour won the Glenrothes by-election in Fife. The result was considered a surprise, as there was speculation that the SNP could have won an upset similar to Glasgow East.[21] Labour fell behind the SNP in the 2009 European Parliament election. However, they easily won the Glasgow North East by-election later that year.

2010-12: Fluctuating fortunes

In the 2010 United Kingdom general election on 6 May 2010, contrary to polls preceding the election, Labour consolidated their vote in Scotland, losing no seats (despite losing 91 seats across the rest of Britain) and regained Glasgow East from the SNP. This resulted in incumbent Scottish secretary Jim Murphy stating that the result provided an impetus for Scottish Labour to attempt to become "the biggest party in Holyrood" in the 2011 Scottish Parliament elections.[22]

Labour led the SNP in the polls for the 2011 Scottish Parliament election until the campaign began in March, at which point support for the SNP rallied. The SNP went on to win an unprecedented majority in the Scottish Parliament, a result that had been considered impossible under the proportional voting system. Labour had a net loss of 7 seats to the SNP. They also lost most of their constituency seats, although its share of the constituency vote declined by less than 1%. Labour's defeat was attributed to their campaign being directly mostly against the government in Westminster instead of the SNP.[23] Party leader Iain Gray, who held on to his own seat by only 151 votes, announced that he would be resigning with effect from later in the year. Eight weeks later, Labour easily retained a Westminster seat at the Inverclyde by-election. This suggests that Scottish Labour's disappointing performance in the 2011 Scottish Parliament election would not necessarily translate into support for its political opponents in other elections.

Following the 2011 Scottish election, Ed Miliband commissioned the Review of the Labour Party in Scotland of the future structure and operation of the Labour Party in Scotland, co-chaired by Jim Murphy MP and Sarah Boyack MSP. The changes the review recommended included a new post of Leader of the Scottish Labour Party was created (previous Scottish Labour leaders had only been the leader of the Labour group in the Scottish Parliament). Others included more autonomy for the Scottish party and the reorganisation of members into branches based on Holyrood constituencies rather than Westminster constituencies. On 17 December 2011, Johann Lamont MSP was elected as leader and Anas Sarwar MP was elected as her deputy.

In the 2012 Scottish local elections, Labour were outpolled by the SNP but gained votes and council seats. They held their majorities on the councils of Glasgow and North Lanarkshire and regained control of Renfrewshire and West Dunbartonshire.

2014 independence referendum and aftermath

For the 2014 referendum on Scottish independence, the Scottish Labour Party joined with the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats to form the pro-union Better Together campaign against Scottish independence. It was led by Alistair Darling, a former Labour minister. In addition, Scottish Labour ran its own pro-UK campaign United with Labour alongside, with the support of former Prime Minister Gordon Brown.[24] Anas Sarwar MP also led an unofficial organisation called the "2014 Truth Team", described by the party as "dedicated to cutting through the noise and delivering [...] facts on independence".[25]

In July 2012, a member of Scottish Labour started Labour for Independence, a rebel group of Labour supporters who back Yes Scotland in the campaign for Scottish independence.[26] The group was dismissed by the Scottish Labour leadership as lacking "real support" from within the party.[27]

The referendum was held on 18 September 2014 and resulted in a 55.3%-44.7% victory for the No side. However, many of Labour's traditional strongholds favoured the Yes side, notably including Glasgow.[28] The SNP had a surge in membership[29] and gained a wide lead over Labour in the opinion polls.[30][31]

On 24 October 2014, Johann Lamont announced her resigned as leader. She accused Labour's UK-wide leadership of undermining her attempts to reform the Scottish Labour Party and treating it "like a branch office of London."[32] The party's 2014 leadership election was won by Jim Murphy, an MP who had previously served as Secretary of State for Scotland and had been a prominent campaigner for the pro-Union side in the referendum.[33] In his victory speech, Murphy said that his election marked a "fresh start" for Scottish Labour: "Scotland is changing and so too is Scottish Labour. I'm ambitious for our party because I'm ambitious for our country".[34][35] He also said that he planned to defeat the SNP in 2016, and that he would use the increased powers being devolved to Holyrood to end poverty and inequality. In her speech, Dugdale said that the party's "focus has to be on the future – a Scottish Labour party that's fighting fit and fighting for our future".[34]

2015-present

Labour's poll ratings in Scotland did not reverse, and the party suffered a landslide defeat in the general election in May 2015, losing 40 of their 41 seats to the SNP. Many senior party figures were unseated, including Murphy himself (East Renfrewshire), Shadow Foreign Secretary Douglas Alexander (Paisley and Renfrewshire South) and Shadow Scotland Secretary Margaret Curran (Glasgow East). Ian Murray (Edinburgh South) was the only MP re-elected. It was the first time since 1959 that the party hadn't won the most seats in Scotland at a general election.

On 16 May 2015, Jim Murphy resigned as leader effective 13 June 2015. Under normal circumstances, Deputy Leader Kezia Dugdale would become acting leader, but former Leader Iain Gray was appointed Acting Leader whilst a leadership and a deputy leadership election are being simultaneously held on account of Dugdale resigning as Deputy Leader to stand for Leader. Dugdale won the 2015 leadership election on 15 August 2015.

On 1 November 2015, Scottish Labour Party delegates backed a vote to scrap the UK's Trident nuclear missile system. The motion was supported by an overwhelming majority, in which both party members and unions voted 70% in favor of the motion.[36]

In the 2016 Scottish Parliament election, Labour lost a third of its seats, dropping from 37 to 24. Labour got its lowest percentage of the vote in Scotland in 98 years with 23% and fell into 3rd place, a position it last occupied in Scotland in 1910, behind the Conservatives. The party also only won 3 constituency seats: holding onto the Dumbarton and East Lothian constituencies and gaining the Edinburgh Southern constituency from the SNP, losing eleven of its 2011 constituencies to the SNP and two to the Conservatives.

In the 2017 local elections, Labour's share of first preference votes fell from 31.4% to 20.2%, while it lost over 130 seats. This result meant the Party fell to third place in terms of both vote share and number of councillors. Labour also lost control of Glasgow and three other councils where it had a majority.[37]

At the beginning of the 2017 General Election campaign, Labour's poll ratings fell to a historic low 13%, and were more than 15% behind the Conservatives in Scotland in some polls. However, towards the end of the campaign Labour's polling increased to levels around the 24% the party received in 2015. On election day itself, the party managed improve on its 2015 result and received 27% of the Scottish vote in a surprisingly good night for the party nationwide, and picked up 6 seats from the SNP in traditionally Labour areas such as Coatbridge, Glasgow, Kirkcaldy, and Rutherglen, bringing its Scottish number of seats to 7. Despite the positive result for the party, Labour remained in third place in Scotland, behind the Conservatives on 29%, and the SNP on 37%.

On 29 August 2017, Kezia Dugdale resigned as leader of the Scottish Labour Party. Her deputy, Alex Rowley, has taken over as acting leader until the conclusion of the ongoing leadership election.[38] The election for a new leader of the Scottish Labour party is taking place between 11 September 2017 (when nominations opened) and 18 November 2017, when the new leader will be announced.[39][40] Nominations for leadership candidates closed on 17 September. Potential members must be signed up by 9 October in order to vote in the leadership election, with voting opening on 27 October and closing at midday on 17 November.[41][42]

Elected representatives (current)

House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom

Member of Parliament Constituency First elected Notes
Hugh Gaffney Coatbridge, Chryston & Bellshill 2017
Ged Killen Rutherglen and Hamilton West 2017
Lesley Laird Kirkcaldy & Cowdenbeath 2017 Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland
Ian Murray Edinburgh South 2010 Former Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland
Danielle Rowley Midlothian 2017 Daughter of Deputy Leader Alex Rowley
Paul Sweeney Glasgow North East 2017 Shadow Minister for Scotland
Martin Whitfield East Lothian 2017

Scottish Parliament

Shadow Cabinet

  • Vacant - Leader of the Scottish Labour Party and Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Finance and the Constitution
  • Alex Rowley - Deputy Leader and Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Community, Social Security and Equalities
  • Iain Gray - Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Education, Skills and Science
  • Anas Sarwar - Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Health
  • Lewis Macdonald - Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Culture, Sport and External Affairs
  • Claudia Beamish - Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform
  • Rhoda Grant - Shadow Cabinet Secretary for the Rural Economy and Connectivity
  • Claire Baker - Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Justice
  • Jackie Baillie - Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Economy, Jobs and Fair Work
  • James Kelly - Parliamentary Business Manager and Shadow Minister without Portfolio

Junior Shadow Ministers

Members of the Scottish Parliament

Member of the Scottish Parliament Constituency or Region First elected Notes
Jackie Baillie Dumbarton 1999
Claire Baker Mid Scotland and Fife 2007
Claudia Beamish South Scotland 2011
Neil Bibby West Scotland 2011
Kezia Dugdale Lothian 2011 Leader of the Scottish Labour Party 2015–present, former Deputy Leader of Scottish Labour 2014–2015
Mary Fee West Scotland 2011
Neil Findlay Lothian 2011
Rhoda Grant Highlands and Islands 1999 Member for Highlands and Islands 1999–2003, 2007–
Iain Gray East Lothian 1999 Member for Edinburgh Pentlands 1999–2003, East Lothian 2007–, former Scottish Labour Leader from 2008–2011, Acting Scottish Labour Leader 2015
Mark Griffin Central Scotland 2011
Daniel Johnson Edinburgh Southern 2016
James Kelly Glasgow 2007 Member for Glasgow Rutherglen 2007–11, Rutherglen 2011–2016, Glasgow 2016-
Johann Lamont Glasgow 1999 Member for Glasgow Pollok 1999-2016, Glasgow 2016-, former, Leader of Scottish Labour from 2011–2014
Monica Lennon Central Scotland 2016
Richard Leonard Central Scotland 2016
Lewis Macdonald North East Scotland 1999 Member for Aberdeen Central 1999–2011, North East Scotland 2011–
Ken Macintosh West Scotland 1999 Member for Eastwood 1999–2016, West Scotland 2016-
Jenny Marra North East Scotland 2011
Pauline McNeill Glasgow 1999 Member for Glasgow Kelvin 1999–2011, Glasgow 2016–
Alex Rowley Mid Scotland and Fife 2014 Member for Cowdenbeath 2014–2016, Deputy Leader of the Scottish Labour Party 2015–
Anas Sarwar Glasgow 2016 MP for Glasgow Central 2010-2015
Colin Smyth South Scotland 2016
Elaine Smith Central Scotland 1999 Member for Coatbridge and Chryston 1999–2016, Central Scotland 2016-
David Stewart Highlands and Islands 2007 MP for Inverness East, Nairn and Lochaber 1997–2005

Electoral performance

European Parliament Elections

Year Share of votes Seats
1979 33.0%
2 / 8
1984 40.7%
5 / 8
1989 41.9%
7 / 8
1994 42.5%
6 / 8
1999 28.7%
3 / 8
2004 26.4%
2 / 7
2009 20.8%
2 / 6
2014 25.9%
2 / 6

UK General Elections

Red indicates the seats won by Labour at the 2017 General Election.
Year Share of votes Seats Seats Change Position Position Change
1910 (January) 5.1%
2 / 70
Steady 3rd Steady
1910 (December) 3.6%
3 / 70
Increase 1 3rd Steady
1918 22.9%
6 / 71
Increase 3 4th Decrease 1
1922 32.2%
29 / 71
Increase 23 1st Increase 3
1923 35.9%
34 / 71
Increase 5 1st Steady
1924 41.1%
26 / 71
Decrease 8 2nd Decrease 1
1929 42.3%
36 / 71
Increase 10 1st Increase 1
1931 32.6%
7 / 71
Decrease 29 3rd Decrease 2
1935 36.8%
20 / 71
Increase 13 2nd Increase 1
1945 47.9%
37 / 71
Increase 17 1st Increase 1
1950 46.2%
37 / 71
Steady 1st Steady
1951 47.9%
35 / 71
Decrease 2 2nd Decrease 1
1955 46.7%
34 / 71
Decrease 1 2nd Steady
1959 46.7%
38 / 71
Increase 4 1st Increase 1
1964 48.7%
43 / 71
Increase 5 1st Steady
1966 49.8%
46 / 71
Increase 3 1st Steady
1970 44.5%
44 / 71
Decrease 2 1st Steady
1974 (Feb) 36.6%
40 / 71
Decrease 4 1st Steady
1974 (Oct) 36.3%
41 / 71
Increase 1 1st Steady
1979 41.6%
44 / 71
Increase 3 1st Steady
1983 35.1%
41 / 72
Decrease 3 1st Steady
1987 42.4%
50 / 72
Increase 9 1st Steady
1992 39.0%
49 / 72
Decrease 1 1st Steady
1997 45.6%
56 / 72
Increase 7 1st Steady
2001 43.3%
56 / 72
Steady 1st Steady
2005 39.5%
41 / 59
Decrease 15 1st Steady
2010 42.0%
41 / 59
Steady 1st Steady
2015 24.3%
1 / 59
Decrease 40 2nd Decrease 1
2017 27.1%
7 / 59
Increase 6 3rd Decrease 1

Scottish Parliament Elections

Red indicates seats won by Labour in the 2016 Scottish Parliament Election.
Year Constituencies Additional Member Total seats Change Position Government
 % Seats  % Seats
1999 38.8%
53 / 73
33.6%
3 / 56
56 / 129
Steady Steady 1st Coalition Labour–Liberal Democrats
2003 34.6%
46 / 73
29.3%
4 / 56
50 / 129
Decrease 6 Steady 1st Coalition Labour–Liberal Democrats
2007 32.2%
37 / 73
29.2%
9 / 56
46 / 129
Decrease 4 Decrease 2nd Minority Scottish National Party
2011 31.7%
15 / 73
26.3%
22 / 56
37 / 129
Decrease 9 Steady 2nd Scottish National Party
2016 22.6%
3 / 73
19.1%
21 / 56
24 / 129
Decrease 13 Decrease 3rd Minority Scottish National Party

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kezia Dugdale quits as Scottish Labour leader". 
  2. ^ "History of the Scottish Labour Party". www.scottishlabour.org.uk/. Scottish Labour Party. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "History of the Labour Party". www.labour.org.uk. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Hutcheon, Paul (3 September 2017). "Top Scottish Labour donor backs millionaire Sarwar as next party leader". The Herald. 
  5. ^ {{cite news |url=http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/15511528.Top_Scottish_Labour_donor_backs_millionaire_Sarwar_as_next_party_leader/ |title=Top Scottish Labour donor backs millionaire Sarwar as next party leader |author=Paul Hutcheon |newspaper=The Herald |date=3 September 2017 |accessdate=3 September 2017
  6. ^ Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe". 
  7. ^ Scots Glossary – All words. Mudcat.org. Retrieved on 29 October 2013.
  8. ^ The 2005 General Election in Scotland, by David Denver, Scottish Affairs, No. 53, Autumn 2005; accessed 7 January 2009
  9. ^ http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/1959_general_election.htm
  10. ^ "Scottish Labour recruits Ian Price as general secretary", BBC News website, 2 February 2013
  11. ^ "Panic within Labour as membership falls", The Scotsman, 5 March 2006
  12. ^ "Labour foot soldiers fall away", BBC NEWS, 29 March 2008
  13. ^ Macdonell, Hamish (29 September 2010). "The Scottish Labour Party and its mysterious expanding membership". Caledonian Mercury. Retrieved 1 October 2010. 
  14. ^ "Johann Lamont named new Scottish Labour leader", 17 December 2011
  15. ^ "Revealed: just how many members does Labour really have in Scotland?". Sunday Herald. 9 November 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Other parties should copy Sturgeon's US-style rallies". Evening Times. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  17. ^ "Leader: The end of the "two-party" party". www.newstatesman.com. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  18. ^ "Start as you mean to go on". 2014-12-16. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  19. ^ Whitaker, Andrew (27 September 2015). "Interview: Kezia Dugdale on reform of Scots Labour". The Scotsman. 
  20. ^ Dewar's successor to seek more power for parliament, The Guardian, 23 October 2000.
  21. ^ Glenrothes result in full BBC News 7 November 2008
  22. ^ "Election 2010: Jim Murphy's joy as Scotland says no to David Cameron". The Daily Record. Retrieved 18 December 2011. 
  23. ^ Black, Andrew (6 May 2011). "Scottish Election: Campaign successes and stinkers". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  24. ^ "Scottish independence: Former PM Gordon Brown wants a 'union for social justice'". BBC News. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  25. ^ "Anas Sarwar MP launches the 2014 Truth Team". 22 April 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  26. ^ "Yes Scotland wins support from Labour rebel group". 30 July 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  27. ^ "Scottish independence: Labour dismisses rebellion". 30 July 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  28. ^ "Johann Lamont ‘will stay on as Labour leader’". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  29. ^ "SNP membership trebles following indyref". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. 1 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  30. ^ Lambert, Harry (21 October 2014). "Could the SNP win 25 Labour seats in 2015?". New Statesman. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  31. ^ "Scotland update: Is the SNP surge real?". Number Cruncher Politics. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  32. ^ Cochrane, Alan (24 October 2014). "Johann Lamont to resign as Scottish Labour leader". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  33. ^ "MP Jim Murphy named Scottish Labour leader". BBC News. 13 December 2014. 
  34. ^ a b "MP Jim Murphy named Scottish Labour leader". BBC News. BBC. 13 December 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  35. ^ Johnston, Chris; Brooks, Libby (13 December 2014). "Jim Murphy is announced as leader of Scottish Labour party". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  36. ^ Scottish Labour votes to scrap Trident.
    BBC NEWS.
    Published 1 November 2015.
    Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  37. ^ "Full Scottish council election results published". BBC News Website. 8 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  38. ^ Kezia Dugdale quits as Scottish Labour leader.
    BBC NEWS. Published 29 August 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  39. ^ Scottish Labour leadership: Date set for leader announcement. BBC NEWS. Published 9 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  40. ^ Sarwar and Leonard confirm bids for Scottish Labour leadership. The Guardian. Author - Severin Carrell (Scotland editor). Published 4 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  41. ^ Information about Leadership election 2017. Scottish Labour Party (official website). Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  42. ^ Timetable announced for Scottish Labour leadership race. The Scotsman. Author - Angus Howarth. Published 9 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  1. ^ In addition, the party has nearly 9,500 affiliated supporters (members of trade unions and socialist societies who opted to affiliate) making a total of about 31,000 members and supporters.[5]

Further reading

External links

  • Scottish Labour Party - official website
  • Labour Youth and Students
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