Schermerhorn–Drees cabinet

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Schermerhorn–Drees cabinet
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
41st cabinet of the Netherlands
KabinetSchermerhornDrees1945.jpg ZetelsSchermerhornDrees.svg
The members of the incoming Schermerhorn–Drees cabinet on 4 June 1945
Date formed 25 June 1945 (1945-06-25)
Date dissolved 3 July 1946 (1946-07-03)
(Demissionary from 16 May 1946 (1946-05-16))
People and organisations
Head of state Queen Wilhelmina
Head of government Willem Schermerhorn
Deputy head of government Willem Drees
No. of ministers 16
Member party

25 June 1945 – 9 February 1946

Roman Catholic
State Party

(RKSP)
Social Democratic
Workers' Party

(SDAP)
Free-thinking
Democratic League

(VDB)


9 February 1946 – 3 July 1946

Catholic People's Party
(KVP)
Labour Party
(PvdA)


Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
Christian Historical Union
(CHU)
(Confidence and supply)
Status in legislature National unity government
History
Legislature term(s) 1937–1946
Incoming formation 1945 formation
Outgoing formation 1946 formation
Predecessor Third Gerbrandy cabinet
Successor First Beel cabinet
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

The Schermerhorn–Drees cabinet was the cabinet of the Netherlands from 25 June 1945 until 3 July 1946. The cabinet was formed by the political parties Roman Catholic State Party (RKSP), Social Democratic Workers' Party (SDAP) and the Free-thinking Democratic League (VDB) a month after the Netherlands were liberated by the Allied Forces after the German occupation. The national unity government cabinet served as a caretaker government and was sometimes referred to as an emergency–cabinet, its main objectives where to reorganise the state and make preparations for the election of 1946.[1]

Introduction

The Schermerhorn–Drees cabinet, the first Dutch cabinet after World War II, was appointed by Queen Wilhelmina just a month after the Netherlands were liberated by the Allied forces. It was a royal cabinet (which means that the cabinet is appointed by the Queen, and is not the result of an election). The States-General of the Netherlands did not function yet and would not become functional until November 1945.

The Schermerhorn–Drees cabinet consisted of ministers from the SDAP (which in 1946 merged with the VDB and the CDU to become the post-War Labour Party), the CHU minister Dr. Piet Lieftinck (who would become a member of the PvdA on 9 February 1946), the ARP and the RKSP (named the KVP on 22 December 1945). Prime Minister Willem Schermerhorn was a member of the VDB, but would later become a member of the PvdA. Deputy Prime Minister Willem Drees was a member of the SDAP.

Cabinet actions

One of the main tasks of the cabinet was to revive the Dutch economy after the war and to rebuild the devastated infrastructure (ports, railroads, roads). Furthermore the Dutch administration had to be restored. Furthermore the cabinet had to deal with the arrest and prosecution of Dutch war criminals and Dutch collaborators.

Until August 1945 the war against Japan in the Dutch East Indies was also a main objective of the cabinet. After the Japanese surrender the cabinet was faced with the Indonesian nationalists Sukarno and Hatta, who proclaimed the independence of their country.

Another objective of the cabinet was the purification of the black money circuit. During the period the bank accounts in the Netherlands were under investigation by the Ministry of Finance, every Dutch citizen was given 10 guilders by the cabinet, in the Netherlands known as 'Het tientje van Lieftinck' (Lieftinck's tenner), named after the minister of Finance, Dr. Lieftinck.

Cabinet Members

Ministers Title/Ministry Term of office Party
Willem Schermerhorn Dr.
Willem Schermerhorn
(1894–1977)
Prime Minister General Warfare 25 June 1945 –
3 July 1946
Free-thinking
Democratic League
Labour Party
Willem Drees Willem Drees
(1886–1988)
Deputy Prime Minister /
Minister
Social Affairs 25 June 1945 –
7 August 1948
Social Democratic
Workers' Party
Labour Party
Louis Beel Dr.
Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
Minister Interior 23 February 1945 –
15 September 1947
[Retained]
Roman Catholic
State Party
Catholic People's Party
Eelco van Kleffens Eelco van Kleffens
(1894–1983)
Minister Foreign Affairs 10 August 1939 –
1 March 1946
[Retained] [Appt]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Herman van Roijen Dr.
Herman van Roijen
(1905–1991)
1 March 1946 –
3 July 1946
Independent
Socialist

(Social Democrat)
Piet Lieftinck Dr.
Piet Lieftinck
(1902–1989)
Minister Finance 25 June 1945 –
1 July 1952
Christian Historical Union
Labour Party
Hans Kolfschoten Hans Kolfschoten
(1903–1984)
Minister Justice 25 June 1945 –
3 July 1946
Roman Catholic
State Party
Catholic People's Party
Hein Vos Hein Vos
(1903–1972)
Minister Commerce and
Industry
25 June 1945 –
3 July 1946
Social Democratic
Workers' Party
Labour Party
Jo Meynen Jo Meynen
(1901–1980)
Minister War 25 June 1945 –
3 July 1946
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Jim de Booy Jim de Booy
(1885–1969)
Navy 23 February 1945 –
3 July 1946
[Retained]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Gerard van der Leeuw Dr.
Gerard van der Leeuw
(1898–1981)
Minister Education, Arts
and Sciences
25 June 1945 –
3 July 1946
Social Democratic
Workers' Party
Labour Party
Steef van Schaik Steef van Schaik
(1888–1968)
Minister Transport and
Energy
25 June 1945 –
3 July 1946
Roman Catholic
State Party
Catholic People's Party
Sicco Mansholt Sicco Mansholt
(1908–1995)
Minister Food Supplies, Agriculture
and Fisheries
25 June 1945 –
16 October 1945
Social Democratic
Workers' Party
Agriculture, Fisheries
and Food Supplies
16 October 1945 –
1 January 1958
Labour Party
Jim de Booy Jim de Booy
(1885–1969)
Shipping 31 May 1944 –
3 July 1946
[Retained]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Johan Ringers Dr.
Johan Ringers
(1885–1965)
Minister Public Works and
Reconstruction
25 June 1945 –
15 November 1946
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Johann Logemann Dr.
Johann Logemann
(1892–1969)
Minister Colonial Affairs 25 June 1945 –
3 July 1946
Independent
Socialist

(Social Democrat)
Labour Party
Ministers without portfolio Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Herman van Roijen Dr.
Herman van Roijen
(1905–1991)
Minister United Nations Affairs

(within Foreign Affairs)
25 June 1945 –
1 March 1946
[Appt]
Independent
Socialist

(Social Democrat)
Eelco van Kleffens Eelco van Kleffens
(1894–1983)
1 March 1946 –
1 July 1947
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Source: (in Dutch) Rijksoverheid
Retained Retained this position from the previous cabinet.
Appt Appointment: Eelco van Kleffens appointed Minister for United Nations Affairs; Herman van Roijen appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs.

References

  1. ^ F.J.F.M. Duynstee; J. Bosmans (1977). Parlementaire geschiedenis van Nederland na 1945 , deel 1, Het kabinet-Schermerhorn-Drees (1945-1946). Van Gorcum. p. 5. ISBN 90-232-1412-9. 

External links

Official
  • (in Dutch) Kabinet-Schermerhorn/Drees Parlement & Politiek
  • (in Dutch) Kabinet-Schermerhorn-Drees Rijksoverheid
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