Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe

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County (Principality) of Schaumburg-Lippe
Grafschaft (Fürstentum) Schaumburg-Lippe
State of the Holy Roman Empire
State of the Confederation of the Rhine
State of the German Confederation
State of the North German Confederation
State of the German Empire
1647–1918
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Anthem
Heil unserm Fürsten, heil
Hail to our Prince, hail!
Schaumburg-Lippe within the German Empire
Capital Bückeburg
Government Principality
Historical era Early modern Europe
 •  Partitioned from
    Schaumburg
1647
 •  Inherited
    Lippe-Alverdissen
 
1777
 •  Raised to principality 1807
 •  German Revolution 1918
 •  Merged into
    Lower Saxony
 
1946
Area
 •  1905 340 km2 (130 sq mi)
Population
 •  1905 est. 44,992 
     Density 132/km2 (343/sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Schaumburg County of Schaumburg
Free State of Schaumburg-Lippe

Schaumburg-Lippe was created as a county in 1647, became a principality in 1807, a free state in 1918, and was until 1946 a small state in Germany, located in the present day state of Lower Saxony, with its capital at Bückeburg.

History

Schaumburg-Lippe was formed as a county in 1647 through the division of the County of Schaumburg by treaties between the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and the Count of Lippe. The division occurred because Count Otto V of Holstein-Schaumburg had died in 1640 leaving no male heir. Initially Schaumburg-Lippe's position was somewhat precarious: it had to share a wide variety of institutions and facilities with the County of Schaumburg (which belonged to Hesse-Kassel), including the representative assembly and the highly productive Bückeberg mines, and the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel retained some feudal rights over it. It was further threatened by the headstrong policies of ruling Count Friedrich Christian. To counter these threats, Friedrich's grandson Count Wilhelm (who reigned 1748–1777) retained a standing army of up to 1000 troops - quite a lot for such a small territory.

With Wilhelm's death in 1777 the junior Schaumburg-Lippe-Alverdissen inherited the County thereby reuniting Schaumburg-Lippe with Lippe-Alverdissen.

Schaumburg-Lippe was a county until 1807 when it became a principality; from 1871 it was a state within the German Empire. In 1913, it was the smallest state in the German Empire in terms of population.[1] The capital was Bückeburg, and Stadthagen was the only other town. Under the constitution of 1868, there was a legislative diet of 15 members, 10 elected by the towns and rural districts and 1 each by the nobility, clergy and educated classes, the remaining 2 nominated by the prince. Schaumburg-Lippe sent one member to the Bundesrat (federal council) and one deputy to the Reichstag.[2] It lasted until the end of the German monarchies in 1918, when it became a free state as the Free State of Schaumburg-Lippe. In November 1918, Prince Adolf was the second last reigning German monarch to abdicate.

Rulers of Schaumburg-Lippe

Bückeburg Castle, former residence of the ruling princes, still owned by the princely family

Counts of Schaumburg-Lippe (1640–1807)

  • Philip I (1601-1681) Count of Lippe-Alverdissen 1613-1640, of Schaumburg-Lippe 1640-1681
    • Frederick Christian (1655–1728) Count of Schaumburg-Lippe 1681-1728
      • Albert Wolfgang (1699–1748) Count of Schaumburg-Lippe 1728-1748
        • William (1724–77) Count of Schaumburg-Lippe 1748-1777
    • Philipp Ernest, Count of Lippe-Alverdissen (1659–1753)
      • Friedrich Ernst, Count of Lippe-Alverdissen (1694-1777)
        • Philip II Ernest (1723–87), Count of Schaumburg-Lippe 1777-1787
          • George William (1784–1860), Count of Schaumburg-Lippe 1787-1807, raised to Prince

Princes of Schaumburg-Lippe (1807–1918)

Heads of the House of Schaumburg-Lippe, post monarchy

  • George (1846–1911), 3rd Prince 1893-1911
    • Adolf II (1883-1936), 4th Prince 1911–1936
    • Wolrad (1887-1962), 5th Prince 1936–1962
      • Philipp-Ernst (1928–2003), 6th Prince 1962-2003
      • Prince Konstantin Karl-Eduard of Schaumburg-Lippe (1930-2008)
        • Prince York Karl-Albrecht Konstantin of Schaumburg-Lippe (born 1960)
          • Prince Nicolai-York Gerhard Konstantin of Schaumburg-Lippe (1989-2016)
        • Prince Oliver Konstantin Mortimer of Schaumburg-Lippe (born 1988)
    • Prince Friedrich Christian Wilhelm Alexander of Schaumburg-Lippe (1906-1983)
      • Prince Albrecht-Wolfgang Friedrich Wolrad Ruppert of Schaumburg-Lippe (born 1934)
        • Prince Stephan Wilhelm Ernst of Schaumburg-Lippe (born 1965)
          • Prince Raphael Elias of Schaumburg-Lippe (born 1989)
          • Prince Niklas Georg of Schaumburg-Lippe (born 2001)

See also

References

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Schaumburg-Lippe". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schaumburg-Lippe". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

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