Savoyard dialect

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Savoyard
Savoyârd
Native to France
Region Savoy
Native speakers
35,000[1]
Latin
Official status
Official language in
Franco-Provençal protected by statute in Italy[2]
Regulated by Institut de la langue savoyarde
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog savo1253[3]
Map-Savoyard language01.png

Savoyard is a dialect of the Franco-Provençal language. It is spoken in some territories of the historical Duchy of Savoy, nowadays a geographic area spanning Savoie and Haute-Savoie, France and the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. The varieties are commonly known as patois. It has around 35,000 speakers today.

Some words

Several subdialects of Savoyard exist that exhibit unique features in terms of phonetics and vocabulary. This includes many words that have to do with the weather: bacan (French: temps mauvais); coussie (French: tempête); royé (French: averse); ni[v]ole (French: nuage); ...and, the environment: clapia, perrier (French: éboulis); égra (French: sorte d'escalier de pierre); balme (French: grotte); tova (French: tourbière); and lanche (French: champ en pente).

Linguistic studies

Savoyard has been the subject of detailed study at the Centre de dialectologie of the Stendhal University, Grenoble, currently under the direction of Michel Contini.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Le francoprovençal, langue oubliée, Gaston Tuaillon in Vingt-cinq communautés linguistiques de la France, tome 1, p.204, Geneviève Vernes, éditions L’Harmattan.
  2. ^ Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche, Italian parliament
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Savoyard". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.


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