Sanford J. Grossman

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Sanford J. Grossman
Born (1953-07-21) July 21, 1953 (age 66)
Nationality United States
Institution University of Pennsylvania
Field Quantitative finance
School or
Chicago School of Economics
Alma mater University of Chicago
Arnold Zellner
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Sanford "Sandy" Jay Grossman (born July 21, 1953) is an American economist and hedge fund manager specializing in quantitative finance. Grossman’s research has spanned the analysis of information in securities markets, corporate structure, property rights, and optimal dynamic risk management. He has published widely in leading economic and business journals, including American Economic Review, Journal of Econometrics, Econometrica, and Journal of Finance. His research in macroeconomics, finance, and risk management has earned numerous awards. Grossman is currently Chairman and CEO of QFS Asset Management, an affiliate of which he founded in 1988. QFS Asset Management shut down its sole remaining hedge fund in January 2014.[1]

Academic career

Sanford Grossman earned his A.B. in 1973, his A.M. in 1974 and Ph.D. in 1975, all in economics from the University of Chicago.[2] Since receiving his doctorate, he has held academic appointments at Stanford University, the University of Chicago, Princeton University (as the John L. Weinberg Professor of Economics, 1985–89), and at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business. At Wharton, Grossman held the position of Steinberg Trustee Professor of Finance from 1989 to 1999 (a title now held in Emeritus) and also served as the Director of the Wharton Center for Quantitative Finance (1994–1999).

Professional career

Grossman served as an Economist with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (1977–78), and was a Public Director of the largest U.S. options and futures exchange, the Chicago Board of Trade (1992–96). In 1988, he was elected a Director, in 1992 served as Vice President, and in 1994 was President of the American Finance Association.

Grossman formed an affiliate of QFS Asset Management, L.P. in 1988.[1] The firm is based in Greenwich, Connecticut, and is an alternative investment management firm that uses financial investment models based on Grossman's research in economics and quantitative finance. The firm specializes in global macro and foreign exchange investment strategies.


Grossman’s original contributions to economic research received official recognition when he was awarded the John Bates Clark Medal by the American Economic Association at its December 1987 annual meeting. That same year the Q-Group awarded him first prize in The Roger F. Murray Prize[3] competition for the paper “An Analysis of the Implications for Stock and Future Price Volatility of Program Trading and Dynamic Hedging Strategies.” The Editorial Board of the Financial Analysts Journal awarded him the 1988 Graham and Dodd Scroll for “Program Trading and Market Volatility: A Report on Interday Relationships.” Grossman received a Mathematical Finance 1993 Best Paper Award for his article “Optimal Investment Strategies for Controlling Drawdowns.” Grossman received the 1996 Leo Melamed Prize by the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business for outstanding scholarship by a professor. In 2002, Grossman was recognized by the University of Chicago with its Professional Achievement Citation. Most recently, he was awarded the 2009 CME Group-MSRI Prize in Innovative Quantitative Applications.[4]



  • Sanford J. Grossman (1989). The Informational Role of Prices. The MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-07121-5.


  • Sanford J. Grossman and Joseph Stiglitz (1980). "On the Impossibility of Informationally Efficient Markets". American Economic Review. 70 (3): 393–408.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1975). "Rational Expectations and the Economic Modeling of Markets Subject to Uncertainty: A Bayesian Approach". Journal of Econometrics. 3 (3): 255–272. doi:10.1016/0304-4076(75)90035-4.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1975). R. Day and T. Groves (eds.). Equilibrium Under Uncertainty and Bayesian Adaptive Control Theory. Adaptive Economic Models. Academic Press. pp. 279–307. ISBN 978-0-12-207350-2.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1976). "On the Efficiency of Competitive Stock Markets Where Traders Have Diverse Information". Journal of Finance. 31 (2): 573–584. doi:10.2307/2326627. JSTOR 2326627.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Joseph Stiglitz (1976). "Information and Competitive Price Systems". American Economic Review. 66 (2): 246–253.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Joseph Stiglitz (1977). "On Value Maximization and Alternative Objectives of the Firm Information and Competitive Price Systems". Journal of Finance. 32 (2): 389–402. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6261.1977.tb03278.x.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1977). "A Characterization of the Optimality of Equilibrium in Incomplete Markets". Journal of Economic Theory. 15 (2): 1–15. doi:10.1016/0022-0531(77)90063-1.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1977). "The Existence of Future Markets, Noisy Rational Expectations and Informational Externalities". Review of Economic Studies. 64 (3): 431–449.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Richard Kihlstrom and Leonard Mirman (1977). "A Bayesian Approach to the Production of Information and Learning by Doing". Review of Economic Studies. 64 (3): 533–547.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1978). "Further Results on the Informational Efficiency of Competitive Stock Markets". Journal of Economic Theory. 18 (1): 81–101. doi:10.1016/0022-0531(78)90043-1.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1979). "A Theory of Competitive Equilibrium in Stock Market Economies". Econometrica. 47 (2): 293–330. doi:10.2307/1914186. JSTOR 1914186.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and D. Levhari and Leonard Mirman (1979). Green and Scheinkman (eds.). Consumption under Uncertainty. General Equilibrium, Growth, and Trade. Academic Press. pp. 105–124. ISBN 978-0-12-298750-2.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1980). David A. Currie and William Peters (eds.). Take-Over Bids: The Managerial Theory of the Firm and the Free Rider Problem. Contemporary Economic Analysis. Croom Helm London. pp. 461–468. ISBN 978-0-85664-803-8.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Joseph Stiglitz (1980). "Stockholder Unanimity in Making Production and Financial Decisions". Quarterly Journal of Economics. 94 (3): 543–566. doi:10.2307/1884584. JSTOR 1884584.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1980). "Disclosure Laws and Takeover Bids". Journal of Finance. 35 (2): 323–334. doi:10.2307/2327390. JSTOR 2327390.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1980). "Takeover Bids, the Free-Rider Problem, and the Theory of the Corporation". The RAND Journal of Economics. 11 (1): 42–64. doi:10.2307/3003400. JSTOR 3003400.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1981). "Nash Equilibrium and the Industrial Organization of Markets with Large Fixed Costs". Econometrica: 1149–1172.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1981). "Implicit Contracts, Moral Hazard and Unemployment". American Economic Review. 71 (2): 301–307.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Robert Shiller (1981). "The Determinants of the Variability of Stock Market Prices". American Economic Review. 71 (2): 222–227. doi:10.3386/w0564.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1981). "The Allocational Role of Takeover Bids in Situations of Asymmetric Information". Journal of Finance. 36 (2): 253–270. doi:10.2307/2327007. JSTOR 2327007.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1981). "An Introduction to the Theory of Rational Expectations Under Asymmetric Information". Review of Economic Studies. 48 (4): 541–559. doi:10.2307/2297195. JSTOR 2297195.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1981). "The Informational Role of Warranties and Private Disclosure About Product Quality". Journal of Law and Economics: 461–483.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1982). John McCall (ed.). Corporate Financial Structure and Managerial Incentives. The Economics of Information and Uncertainty. University of Chicago Press. pp. 107–140. ISBN 978-0-226-55559-1.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and L. Weiss (1982). "Heterogeneous Information and the Theory of the Business Cycle". Journal of Political Economy. 90 (4): 699–727. doi:10.1086/261085.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1983). "An Analysis of the Principal-Agent Problem". Econometrica. 51 (1): 7–46. CiteSeerX doi:10.2307/1912246. JSTOR 1912246.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Robert Shiller (1982). "Consumption Correlatedness and Risk Measurement in Economies with Non-Traded Assets, and Heterogeneous Information". Journal of Financial Economics. 10 (2): 195–210. doi:10.1016/0304-405X(82)90013-7.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and L. Weiss (1982). Marshall Sarnal and Girogio Szego (eds.). Monetary Non-Neutrality When Prices are Observable. Savings, Investment, and Capital Markets in an Inflationary Economy. Ballinger Publishing Co. pp. 313–314. ISBN 978-0-88410-851-1.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1983). "Implicit Contracts under Asymmetric Information". Quarterly Journal of Economics. 98: 123–156. doi:10.2307/1885377. JSTOR 1885377.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and David S. Evans (1983). David Evans (eds.). Integration. Breaking Up Bell, Essays on Industrial Organization and Regulation. North Holland Publishing Co. pp. 95–126. ISBN 978-0-444-00734-6.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman and L. Weiss (1983). "A Transactions Based Model of the Monetary Transmission Mechanism". American Economic Review. 73 (5): 871–880. doi:10.3386/w0973.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart and Eric Maskin (1983). "Unemployment with Observable Aggregate Shocks". Journal of Political Economy. 91 (6): 907–928. doi:10.1086/261193.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and L. Weiss (1984). M. Boyer and R. Kihlstrom (eds.). Savings and Insurance. Bayesian Models in Economic Theory. Elsevier Science Publishers. pp. 303–311. ISBN 978-0-444-86502-1.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Daniel R. Fischel (1984). "Customer Protection in Futures and Securities Markets". Journal of Futures Markets. 4 (3): 273–295. doi:10.1002/fut.3990040303.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1986). "The Costs and Benefits of Ownership: A Theory of Vertical Integration" (PDF). Journal of Political Economy. 94 (4): 691–719. doi:10.1086/261404.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Merton Miller (1986). "Economic Costs and Benefits of the Proposed One-Minute Time Bracketing Regulations". Journal of Futures Markets. 6 (1): 141–166. doi:10.1002/fut.3990060112.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1986). "An Analysis of the Role of 'Insider Trading' on Futures Markets". The Journal of Business. 59 (2): 5129–5146. doi:10.1086/296342.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1987). Razin and Sadka (eds.). Vertical Integration and the Distribution of Property Rights. Economic Policy in Theory and Practice. The Macmillan Press Ltd. pp. 504–546. ISBN 978-0-312-23453-9.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Motty Perry (1986). "Sequential Bargaining Under Asymmetric Information". Journal of Economic Theory. 39 (1): 120–154. doi:10.1016/0022-0531(86)90023-2.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Motty Perry (1986). "Perfect Sequential Equilibrium". Journal of Economic Theory. 39 (1): 97–119. doi:10.1016/0022-0531(86)90022-0.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1987). William Barnett and Kenneth Singleton (eds.). Monetary Dynamics with Proportional Transactions Cost and Fixed Payment Periods. New Approaches to Monetary Economics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3–40. ISBN 978-0-521-10049-6.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman and A. Melino and Robert Shiller (1987). "Estimating the Continuous-Time Consumption-Based Asset-Pricing Model" (PDF). Journal of Business and Economic Statistics. 5 (3): 315–327. doi:10.2307/1391605. JSTOR 1391605.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1988). "Program Trading and Stock and Futures Price Volatility". Journal of Futures Markets. 8 (4): 413–419. doi:10.1002/fut.3990080403.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Oliver Hart (1988). "One Share/One Vote and the Market for Corporate Control". Journal of Financial Economics. 20 (1/2): 175–202. doi:10.1016/0304-405X(88)90044-X.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1988). "An Analysis of the Implications for Stock and Futures Price Volatility of Program Trading and Dynamic Hedging Strategies". The Journal of Business. 61 (3): 275–298. doi:10.1086/296433.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1988). "Insurance Seen and Unseen". Journal of Portfolio Management. 14 (4): 5–8. doi:10.3905/jpm.1988.409164.
  • Sanford J. Grossman with Merton Miller (1988). "Liquidity and Market Structure". Journal of Finance. 43 (3): 617–637. doi:10.2307/2328186. JSTOR 2328186.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1988). "Program Trading and Market Volatility: A Report on Interday Relationships". Financial Analysts Journal: 18–28.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1988). "Derivative Securities, Dynamic Hedging and Stock Market Volatility". MTEC Journal (1): 1–15.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1989). Robert J. Barro (eds.). Rational Expectations and the Informational Role of Prices. Modern Business Cycle Theory. Harvard University Press. pp. 128–152. ISBN 978-0-674-57860-9.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1989). "Informational Tactical Asset Allocation". MTEC Journal (2): 7–24.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Jean Luc Vila (1989). "Portfolio Insurance in Complete Markets: A Note". The Journal of Business. 62 (4): 473–476. doi:10.1086/296473.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Guy Laroque (1990). "Asset Pricing and Optimal Portfolio Choice in the Presence of Illiquid Durable Consumption Goods". Econometrica. 58 (1): 25–51. doi:10.2307/2938333. JSTOR 2938333.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1990). Daniel R. Siegel (eds.). Trading Technology and Financial Market Stability. Innovation and Technology in the Markets: A Reordering of the World's Capital Market Systems. Irwin Professional Publishing. pp. 47–57. ISBN 978-1-55738-120-0.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1990). "Market Liquidity and Trading Technology". MTEC Journal (3): 7–17.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Jean-Luc Vila (1992). "Optimal Dynamic Trading with Leverage Constraints". Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis. 27 (2): 151–168. doi:10.2307/2331365. JSTOR 2331365.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1991). "Dynamic Leveraging Strategies and the Risk/Return Profile of Professionally Managed Futures -- Including a Commentary on Elton, Gruber, and Rentzier's Evaluation of Commodity Funds". MFA Journal. 6 (2): 51–56.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1992). "The Informational Role of Upstairs and Downstairs Trading". The Journal of Business. 65 (4): 509–528. doi:10.1086/296583.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1992). "Informational Portfolio Strategies for Dynamic Asset Allocation". MTEC Journal. 5: 3–15.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1992). "The Case for Eliminating Position Limits on Financial Futures". Journal of Financial Engineering. 2 (1): 39–42.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1992). "A Proposal for the Reform of Disclosure Requirements for Managed Futures". Journal of Financial Engineering. 2 (1): 55–58.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Zhongquan Zhou (1993). "Optimal Investment Strategies for Controlling Drawdowns". Mathematical Finance. 3 (3): 241–276. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9965.1993.tb00044.x.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and John Y. Campbell and Jiang Wang (1993). "Trading Volume and Serial Correlation in Stock Returns". Quarterly Journal of Economics. CVIII (4): 905–939. doi:10.3386/w4193.
  • Sanford J. Grossman (1995). "Dynamic Asset Allocation and the Informational Efficiency of Markets". Journal of Finance. L (3): 773–787. CiteSeerX doi:10.1111/j.1540-6261.1995.tb04036.x.
  • Sanford J. Grossman and Zhongquan Zhou (1996). "Equilibrium Analysis of Portfolio Insurance". Journal of Finance. LI (4): 1379–1403. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6261.1996.tb04073.x.


  1. ^ a b Nicole Hong and Rob Copeland (January 14, 2014). "QFS Asset Management Shuts Currency Hedge Fund". The Wall Street Journal.
  2. ^ Lawrence Delevigne (January 25, 2011). "Grossman donates QFS stake to University of Chicago". Institutional Investor.
  3. ^ "Welcome to Q Group". Retrieved 2015-11-28.
  4. ^ [1] Archived July 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine

External links

  • Profile at University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School of Business
  • List of publications at University of Connecticut's Economics and Finance Research web site
  • Interview with hedge fund newsletter
  • List of publications at New School web site
  • Sanford J. Grossman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
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