Sanda Dewi

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Sanda Dewi
စန္ဒာဒေဝီ
Chief queen consort of Burma
Tenure 15 June 1568 – 10 October 1581
Predecessor Atula Thiri Maha Yaza Dewi
Successor Hanthawaddy Mibaya
Queen of the Northern Palace
Tenure April 1553 – 15 June 1568
Predecessor Khin Myat
Successor Thiri Yaza Dewi
Chief queen consort of Prome
Tenure December 1532 – 19 May 1542
Predecessor Shwe Zin Gon
Successor Salin Mibaya
Born 1517/18[note 1]
Ava
Died 1580s?
Pegu?
Spouse Narapati of Prome
Minkhaung of Prome
Bayinnaung
Issue A son (by Minkhaung)
Min Khin Saw (by Bayinnaung)
Full name
Sanda Dewi
Birth name: Thiri Hpone Htut
House Ava
Father Narapati II of Ava
Mother Dhamma Dewi of Ava
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Sanda Dewi (Burmese: စန္ဒာဒေဝီ [sàɴdà dèwì]) was one of the three principal queens of King Bayinnaung of Burma from 1553 to 1581. She was also a queen of the last two kings of Prome Kingdom from 1532 to 1542. She was the maternal grandmother of Natshinnaung, king of Toungoo.

Brief

The queen was born Thiri Hpone Htut (သီရိဘုန်းထွဋ် [θìɹḭ pʰóʊɴ tʰʊʔ]) to King Shwenankyawshin of Ava and Queen Dhamma Dewi in 1517/18. After her father was killed in action against the forces of the Confederation of Shan States and the Prome Kingdom on 25 March 1527, the young princess was brought to Prome (Pyay) by King Thado Minsaw of Prome. Later at Prome, she was married to one of Thado Minsaw's grandsons, King Narapati who ruled from 1532 to 1539. After Narapati died, she was married to his younger brother Minkhaung. She had a son with Minkhaung.[1]

When Prome fell to Toungoo forces in May 1542, the king and queen of Prome were sent to Toungoo. But c. April 1553, Minkhaung was executed for suspicion of plotting against Bayinnaung. Thiri Hpone Htut then became Bayinnaung's queen, with the title of Sanda Dewi.[2][3] They had a daughter, Khin Saw, who was mother of Natshinnaung, the future rebel king of Toungoo.[4]

Ancestry

Notes

  1. ^ Chronicles (Maha Yazawin Vol. 2 2006: 111) and (Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 133) say she was 7 (in eighth year) when she was taken prisoner at Ava/Inwa (on 22 March 1525 per (Sein Lwin Lay 2006: 105–106)) to Prome/Pyay.

References

  1. ^ Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 136
  2. ^ Harvey 1925: 342
  3. ^ (Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 279): circa Kason 915 ME
  4. ^ Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 68

Bibliography

  • Harvey, G. E. (1925). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. 
  • Kala, U (1724). Maha Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2006, 4th printing ed.). Yangon: Ya-Pyei Publishing. 
  • Royal Historical Commission of Burma (1832). Hmannan Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2003 ed.). Yangon: Ministry of Information, Myanmar. 
  • Sein Lwin Lay, Kahtika U (1968). Mintaya Shwe Hti and Bayinnaung: Ketumadi Taungoo Yazawin (in Burmese) (2006, 2nd printing ed.). Yangon: Yan Aung Sarpay. 
Sanda Dewi
Born: 1517 Died: c. 1580s
Royal titles
Preceded by
Atula Thiri
Chief queen consort of Burma
15 June 1568 – 10 October 1581
Succeeded by
Hanthawaddy Mibaya
Preceded by
Khin Myat
Queen of the Northern Palace
April 1553– 15 June 1568
Succeeded by
Thiri Yaza Dewi
Preceded by
Shwe Zin Gon
Chief queen consort of Prome
December 1532 – 19 May 1542
Succeeded by
Salin Mibaya
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