San Dorligo della Valle

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San Dorligo della Valle

Dolina
Comune di San Dorligo della Valle / Občina Dolina
Dolina
Dolina
Location of San Dorligo della Valle
San Dorligo della Valle is located in Italy
San Dorligo della Valle
San Dorligo della Valle
Location of San Dorligo della Valle in Italy
San Dorligo della Valle is located in Friuli-Venezia Giulia
San Dorligo della Valle
San Dorligo della Valle
San Dorligo della Valle (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
Coordinates: 45°37′N 13°51′E / 45.617°N 13.850°E / 45.617; 13.850Coordinates: 45°37′N 13°51′E / 45.617°N 13.850°E / 45.617; 13.850
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Province Province of Trieste (TS)
Frazioni Bagnoli della Rosandra (Boljunec), Bottazzo (Botač), Caresana (Mačkolje), Crociata di Prebenico (Križpot), Domio (Domjo), Draga, Francovez (Frankovec), Grozzana (Gročana), Hervati (Hrvati), Lacotisce (Lakotišče), Log, Mattonaia (Krmenka), Pesek, Prebeneg, Puglie di Domio (Domjansko pulje), Sant'Antonio in Bosco (Boršt), Dolina, San Giuseppe della Chiusa (Ricmanje), San Lorenzo (Jezero)
Government
 • Mayor Sandy Klun
Area
 • Total 24.5 km2 (9.5 sq mi)
Population
(Dec. 2004)
 • Total 6,019
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
34018
Dialing code 040
Patron saint Ulderico
Saint day July 4
Website Official website

San Dorligo della Valle (Slovene: Dolina; Triestine: Dolina and San Dorligo) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Trieste in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 4 kilometres (2.5 miles) southeast of Trieste, on the border with Slovenia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 6,019 and an area of 24.5 square kilometres (9.5 sq mi).[1] According to the 1971 census, 70.5% of the population are ethnic Slovenes, while the rest are mostly Italians.

Name

Panorama of San Dorligo della Valle

The Slovene name of the town, Dolina, means 'valley'. This was the official name in Italian, as well, until it was renamed to San Dorligo Della Valle in 1923, as part of the policies of Fascist Italianization. In the local Italian Triestine dialect, the village has always been referred to simply as Dolina. In 2003, the denomination Dolina was adopted as the official name of the settlement in both languages;[2] however, the municipality is still called San Dorligo della Valle in Italian. "San Dorligo" (archaically “Durlic”) is the Tergestine dialectal form of the name of the town's patron saint, Ulrich of Augsburg (Sant'Ulderico).[3]

Geographical position

Most of the municipality of San Dorligo is located under the Karst Plateau, with some settlements on the plateau itself. It enjoys a relatively mild Mediterranean climate, although the harsh and cold bora wind frequently blows in the autumn and winter months.

The municipality borders the following municipalities: Koper (Slovenia), Hrpelje-Kozina (Slovenia), Muggia, Sežana (Slovenia), and Trieste.

It has a border crossing with Slovenia at Pesek (Kozina on the Slovenian side). Another crossing is located in the village of Crociata di Prebenico, Caresana, with the Slovenian village of Osp in the Municipality of Koper.

History

From mid 18th century to 1918, the area was under the Habsburg Empire. From 1813 to 1918, the area around San Dorligo was part of the County of Istria in the Austrian Littoral. The great majority (almost the totality) of the population was Slovene-speaking. After World War One, the area was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy, and was included in the administrative region known as the Julian March. In 1945, it was shortly occupied by the Yugoslav People's Army and later by the US and British Armies. Between 1947 and 1954, it was part of the Zone A of the Free Territory of Trieste. In 1954, it came again under Italian jurisdiction.

Culture and traditions

Home of a spring festival known as the Majenca (held in May) which culminates in the falling of a cherry tree, tied to the top of a tall pole.

San Dorligo is home to the variety of olive tree called bianchera istriana in Italian and istrska belica in Slovene (both meaning "the Istrian white"), known for its endurance to harsh climate and its gentle and high quality olive oil.

Most of the locals speak two Slovenian dialects from the Littoral dialect group: in the majority of the municipality, the Rižana subdialect of the Istrian dialect is spoken, while in some villages in the northern part of the municipality, the Inner Carniolan dialect is spoken.

Pictures

Panorama Trieste's suburbs and industrial area seen from Dolina.
Trieste's suburbs and industrial area..

Demographic evolution

See also

References

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
  3. ^ Jacopo Cavalli, Reliquie ladine, raccolte in Muggia d'Istria, con appendice sul dialetto tergestino, Trieste 1893, p. 38

External links

  • www.comune.san-dorligo-della-valle.ts.it/
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