San Diego Chargers stadium proposals

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There were several proposals to build a new stadium for the San Diego Chargers of the National Football League (NFL), replacing Qualcomm Stadium as the franchise's home venue.

The team and city both attempted to bring business partners in on a proposed $800 million project,[1] which was supposed to be located in the parking lot of the current stadium and include upgrades to the area and infrastructure, but all efforts failed.

In August 2016, it was announced that the Citizens’ Initiative for the Chargers' stadium was officially named Ballot Measure C.[2] In the wake of a decisive defeat at the ballot for stadium public funding 57%-43% during the 2016 United States elections, the Chargers announced in January 2017 their intention to relocate to Los Angeles, joining the Rams, who had also relocated from St. Louis the previous year. Both teams will share the Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park after its construction finishes in 2019, marking the first time since 1960 that the two teams will play again together in the same city and stadium.

History

During the 2003 NFL season and even beforehand, there was much talk of the Chargers replacing the increasingly obsolete (by NFL standards) Qualcomm Stadium with a more modern, Super Bowl-caliber football stadium, mainly due to obsolete features of the stadium as well as severe maintenance issues with the facility.[3]

San Diego Stadium Coalition

The San Diego Stadium Coalition, a grassroots community organization formed in January 2009 with the singular objective of facilitating the development of a new stadium in San Diego County. Citing the economic benefits of constructing a new stadium and a desire to keep the San Diego Chargers in the region, they worked with taxpayers groups, developers, politicians and the Chargers to move the stadium effort forward. By leveraging social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter along with traditional media outlets and interactive public forums, they amassed a sizeable[clarification needed] following in a brief amount of time. Their website [4] served as the hub for their effort.

Planning and financing

The cost of stadium construction would have been financed by the Chargers, who would have paid for construction with the profits of an adjoining development. The team would require a large tract of land either for free or at nominal[clarification needed] cost to make the project economically feasible. Based on the site that is selected, the adjoining development would be a combination of commercial, residential and retail uses.[5]

Based on the site chosen, the Chargers would have largely relied on mass transit to take fans to and from the stadium on game days since it is unlikely that any of the proposed sites would have provided enough land for a stadium, real estate development and surface-level parking lots. A proposed golf course site in Oceanside, for example, is approximately 71 acres (see below), less than half the size of the Qualcomm site (166 acres (0.7 km2)) that was initially proposed by the Chargers. Plus the necessary widening of I-5 will not begin until at least 2020 according to Caltrans.

Proposed Stadium Sites

National City

The proposed National City site was west of Interstate 5 and south of Bay Marina Drive, located east of the 24th Street Marine Terminal. The Port of San Diego studied the dimensions of the site and come to the conclusion that a stadium could be built on the 52-acre (210,000 m2) site without disturbing the Port's mission to promote maritime jobs and commerce. Any potential development proposal would have required the Port's approval.

Planning discussions were discussed among the Port, National City and waterfront businesses to reconfigure the layout of the site to make it more efficient with or without a stadium. National City officials believed the benefit of a new stadium would spur new developments around it, generating tax dollars while also boosting the city's profile.[6]

On May 12, 2007, National City dropped its new stadium proposal, citing problems with land ownership.[7]

Downtown San Diego

There were three notable proposals for Downtown San Diego. The first and most notable[according to whom?] was the plan by Doug Manchester to replace the 10th Avenue Marine Terminal with a stadium complex.[8] An alternative to the 10th Avenue site was to place the stadium on the waterfront behind the San Diego Convention Center. Finally the East Village was recently proposed by the Chargers due to less legal concerns from local Environmental Activists.

10th Avenue Marine Terminal replacement

This proposal was by far the most ambitious.[according to whom?] Local philanthropist and real estate developer Doug Manchester proposed building the new stadium on the site of the 10th Avenue Marine Terminal. This was opposed by Port Commissioners[9] at the Port of San Diego and the idea never publicly passed the preliminary design phase.[10]

Waterfront Convadium

One proposed plan, known as the Phase 4 Expansion,[11] would have put the stadium on the waterfront behind the San Diego Convention Center. This would have allowed for the Phase 3 expansion of the Convention Center to continue. The facility could have to be used during major events, such as Comic Con, the San Diego Auto Show or other major events. The new stadium would have also allowed for San Diego to host the Super Bowl again and it would have given the city the option of applying to host the 2028 or 2032 Summer Olympics.[12] The Chargers' current Convadium design[13] would fit in this proposed location if the East Village site is not selected.

East Village

The Chargers had talks with the City of San Diego regarding a site south of Petco Park in the East Village Area of Downtown San Diego. Although this site had been seen as the most viable option,[according to whom?] few if any steps had taken place. Coupled with the NFL labor situation, lack of funds through the NFL G3 Program and California Gov. Jerry Brown's proposals for the review of redevelopment funds in the state the Downtown Proposal was left in limbo. Former mayor Jerry Sanders explored numerous options to build the stadium in the East Village. Making the project a part of the convention center's expansion had been one option. On February 23, 2016, the Chargers announced that they were focusing efforts on Downtown San Diego for a multi-use stadium/convention center in addition to a citizen's initiative that would include a stadium.

Outside the city of San Diego

After many failed attempts by the Chargers and the city of San Diego to come to an agreement on the new stadium, mainly due to the city’s inability to fund a stadium,[14] the Chargers organization considered other places in San Diego County, notably Chula Vista, Oceanside, and Escondido.[6][15]

Oceanside

The Oceanside City Council agreed to have talks with the Chargers about building a stadium in Oceanside. The Center City Golf Course, also known as "Goat Hill", was[when?] under consideration as a possible stadium location. The golf course site is northeast of the Interstate 5/Oceanside Boulevard interchange. The city owns an adjoining 4 acres (16,000 m2) to the north of the golf course, which would have provided a development footprint of more than 75 acres (300,000 m2). The site also offered easy access to two major freeways as well as two passenger rail lines.

Oceanside also had an advantage considering that 8,800 of the team's season ticket holders already came from North County, 8,500 were from Orange and Riverside counties, and 4,500 come from outside the state.[16] A stadium built at this site was seen as having the ability to attract more fans from Orange County, Riverside County, and Los Angeles.

There were problems with the site if the Chargers chose to build the stadium there. The golf course is zoned parkland, and voters would have had to approve a zoning change for a stadium to be built. Also some believe that the stadium, if it was built, has the possibility of causing traffic and environmental issues to the area, especially during game days. The Chargers acknowledged that the golf course site may not have been large enough to sustain a development profitable enough to offset the cost of stadium construction. In that case, they would have sought to obtain additional real estate in Oceanside or elsewhere in San Diego County to further develop.[17]

Chula Vista

Chula Vista officials discussed multiple sites where the Chargers can build a stadium. Two privately owned sites on the city's east side and two near the waterfront.

  • One proposed Chula Vista site was located near State Route 125, southwest of the Chula Vista Olympic Training Center. The site had the land that a stadium would require, as well as transportation options for reaching such a venue. However, there were concerns about the site’s distance from main transit lines.
  • One proposed site rested on Chula Vista’s bayfront which was used to be occupied by the South Bay Power Plant.
  • Another proposed site rested in a vacant B.F. Goodrich site adjacent to the property that's already been designated for the Chula Vista Bayfront, a $750 million convention center and hotel complex. The project is set to break ground next year.
  • Another proposed Chula Vista option fell on private property, owned by residential homebuilder, HomeFed Corp, which owns 3,000 acres (12 km²) in the Otay Ranch area, had conducted talks with the Chargers.[6]
  • A new proposed site became questionably available after expected developments on Chula Vista's bayside were disbanded by Gaylord Entertainment.
Possible name change

The mayor of Chula Vista suggested that a stadium deal could have involved the team being re-branded as the "Chula Vista Chargers". The team's spokesman did not completely reject the notion, but indicated that such a condition would only have been considered if the stadium was entirely publicly financed.[18]

The Ballot Measures

On April 21, 2016, the Chargers unveiled renderings of a stadium/convention center adjacent to Petco Park. On April 23, 2016, the San Diego Chargers launched their initiative effort with a rally in Downtown with an estimated 4,000 people attending; among the people who attended this event for Chargers chairman Dean Spanos, NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell, quarterback Philip Rivers, former running back Ladainian Tomlinson, and coach Mike McCoy. On June 10, 2016, the Chargers announced that they had collected 110,786 signatures, enough to put the stadium proposal on the ballot in November; these signatures however needed verification. On July 9, 2016, San Diego City Clerk Liz Maland announced that the downtown stadium initiative has secured enough valid signatures to be on the November 2016 ballot. On July 18, 2016, the San Diego City Council voted to allow both the Chargers stadium plan and the Citizens Plan on the November ballot.

Ballot Measure C

In August 2016, it was announced that the Citizens’ Initiative sponsored by the Chargers was officially named Ballot Measure C.[2] The ballot measure went on to a decisive defeat at the polls 57%-43%. The initiative set the stadium in the Tailgate Park space, across the street from the Padres stadium in downtown San Diego.[19]

Ballot Measure D

Measure D, also known as the Briggs Initiative, was an alternative measure to Measure C and was written by Cory Briggs, a public-interest attorney. Ballot Measure D would have permit the Chargers to build a stadium in either downtown or Mission Valley. It would have required another vote if it used public funds. The measure would have raised San Diego's tax on hotel stays from 12.5 percent to 15.5 percent (14 percent for small hotels).[20] Ballot Measure D was not sponsored by the Chargers.[20] It was opposed by the San Diego County Taxpayers Association and the San Diego Tourism Authority. It was favored by the San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce, as well as San Diego Representative Scott Peters, the Building Trades Council, and a fan group known as the San Diego Stadium Coalition.[20]

Support

On July 28, 2016, the San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce endorsed the Chargers’ downtown stadium ballot measure.[21]

Chairman of the Chargers Dean Spanos hired several private consultants, including Robin Hunden, an economic development expert, to analyze the plan. Their preliminary results showed that a new stadium would have supplied an estimated additional 200,000 visitors yearly for conventions. The analysis stated their surveys showed that raising the hotel tax from its current 12.5 percent up to 16.5 percent would not have caused harm to the tourism economy, countering claims laid by the opposition that the additional tax would have caused fewer tourists to come to San Diego.[22]

Opposition

Voice of San Diego reported on March 11, 2015, that a new Chargers' stadium would likely not make San Diego money, citing that the city still owed millions in tax dollars for the renovations to Chargers' Qualcomm Stadium repairs from 1997, and is currently paying about $12 million yearly for Qualcomm. The article stated that San Diego taxpayers subsidize Qualcomm stadium with over $10 million a year because the Chargers and other stadium events didn’t generate enough revenue to cover costs. Qualcomm stadium also cost taxpayers almost $2 million each year for police and fire services at Chargers games, as well as repairs to the stadium, costs which were not compensated for by the Chargers.[23]

On May 31, 2016, the American Institute of Architects San Diego wrote an article in opposition to a downtown stadium for the Chargers, because of "significant, unanswered questions about potential cost overruns and environmental impacts that may cost San Diego taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars."[24]

The “No Downtown Stadium – Jobs and Streets First” coalition was formed in June 2016. They announced they were opposed to the Citizens' Initiative and published several opinion pieces in local newspapers.[25][26]

The coalition defined their central idea as, "We should not raise taxes to build a stadium and subsidize a billion-dollar corporation, especially when we have so many needs in San Diego, including street repairs. Additionally, this tax measure puts our economy and tourism jobs at risk, and it threatens an important revenue source the City relies on to pay for street repairs, 911 dispatchers, libraries and other neighborhood services. All this to help a billionaire build a new workspace for millionaires."[27]

The No Downtown Stadium group said the project would have created less property tax revenue and new jobs than alternative developments such as offices or housing, and would ultimately have cost the city money.[19]

On July 28, 2016, Ted Molter, the Tourism Authority chairman, expressed in a statement that Comic-Con officials were opposed to the stadium proposal because the site was located on a different site than the convention center. He also said that the new hotel tax would have made San Diego have one of the highest hotel tax rates in the nation.[21]

On July 29, 2016, the “East Village South Focus Plan” was released by a group of volunteer architects and planners as an alternative to the stadium in the Tailgate Park space. Estimated to generate $55.2 million in annual taxes and create 5,590 permanent jobs, The released plan includes 4.5 million square feet of development, including housing, offices, restaurants, parks, plazas and a convention annex or arena. The cost of the plan is estimated at $1.8 billion, which is about the same as was the estimated cost for the stadium.[28]

On August 8, 2016, Chris Cate, a San Diego Council member, said in a segment for NBC 7 San Diego that if the Chargers built the stadium at Tailgate Park that the city would have had to build new Padres parking.[29][30] The chairman of the group which owns the San Diego Padres, Ron Fowler, noted that a new stadium at Tailgate Park would have forced San Diego to spend millions of tax dollars on new parking for the Padres.[31]

It had been estimated that the additional parking for the Padres would have cost $75 million on top of the Chargers' proposal.[19][22][32]

Fowler also stated that Ballot Measure C would break a city sign ordinance because it would allow large digital billboards to be erected outside the stadium, lighting up East Village with light from the billboards until 2 a.m. each day.[31] Some local residents are concerned it would be across the street from the San Diego Central Library.[33]

Some critics believed building the stadium would have put San Diego in risk of losing Comic Con because the proposed site would have been more than half a mile away from the convention center. Comic Con officials claimed the large separation made the stadium unusable to Comic Con, and believed there needed to be a contiguous expansion of the convention center.[19] John Rogers, Comic-Con board president, wrote a message in the convention’s souvenir book that they were opposed to any expansion that wasn't contiguous with the current convention center.[34]

On August 15, 2016, the Public Resources Advisory Group published an independent report which estimated the stadium plan would have required a public contribution of $2.3 billion over 30 years, which was more than twice as much as the estimate of $1.1 billion by the Chargers.[35]

A Chicago-based consulting firm, HVS Convention, Sports & Entertainment Facilities Consulting, released a study saying that despite claims by the Chargers, the stadium would only generate about $2.3 million extra in additional hotel tax revenue each year, but estimated the annual public costs would be $67 million for the operation and constructions of the project.[36] They also stated that attempts in other cities to combine a convention center with a football stadium have largely failed, citing Indianapolis, St. Louis and Atlanta.[19]

On August 21, 2016, the San Diego County Taxpayers Association announced its opposition to Ballot Measure C. The association claimed the project could cost the city at least $400 million and probably more, and the city would likely have to pay the difference using the general fund.[37][38]

Controversy

Cory Briggs, the attorney who authored the Citizens’ Plan, stated that Ballot Measure C did not create a new special tax on San Diegans, and therefore required only a simple majority of votes for the measure to be approved. San Diego City Attorney Jan Goldsmith publicly announced on August 5, 2016, that since it allocated taxes towards a specific project, instead of a general fund, that Ballot Measure C was a new special tax on San Diego, and would need a 2/3 majority of votes to pass.[39]

In August 2016, the Chargers purchased Facebook ads[40] targeted towards Chris Cate, a Republican City Council member, for his opposition to Ballot Measure C. The ad gave Cate's office phone number accompanied by the text, “Why does Chris Cate want the Chargers to leave San Diego? Please call and ask him.”[41]

In a statement, Cate said his office received approximately 200 calls in response to the ad. He claimed that many of the calls were polite, "some that were belligerent" and "one threat that was referred to the police." Cate said he's a Chargers fan, but "I just think this is a bad deal for the city and San Diegans.”[42]

Relocation to Los Angeles

After a failed bid with the Oakland Raiders to build a Stadium in Carson, California in January 2016 the Chargers received the first option to relocate to Los Angeles and share the winning bid (the Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park) with the Los Angeles Rams, conditioned on a negotiated lease agreement between the two teams. The option If not taken by the Chargers would have expired on January 15, 2017, at which time the Oakland Raiders would have acquired the same option.[43] On January 29, 2016, the Rams and Chargers came to an agreement in principle to share the stadium. The Chargers would contribute a $200 million stadium loan from the NFL and personal seat license fees to the construction costs and would pay $1 per year in rent to the Rams.[44]

After the failure of the ballot options and getting an extension of the Los Angeles option until January 17, on January 12, 2017, Dean Spanos, chairman and owner of the Chargers, stated in an open letter that the team would relocate to Los Angeles. Simultaneously, the team's social media dropped 'San Diego' and was updated to 'Los Angeles Chargers'. A new marketing logo using the iconic 'LA' symbol used by the Los Angeles Dodgers was also debuted. The team moved to StubHub Center and will play there for the 2017 and 2018 NFL seasons until the new Los Angeles stadium is complete.

After the Chargers relocated it was reported that the NFL was prepared to go to lengths to keep the Chargers in San Diego, One of the options included Rams owner Stan Kroenke sending money (possibly over a series of years) to help the Chargers build a stadium in San Diego in an attempt to keep Los Angeles a one-team town all to himself, However Spanos used his Los Angeles option before the league could act and the money offered may not have been enough to build a new San Diego stadium anyway.[45]

References

  1. ^ "Future Stadium". chargers.com. Archived from the original on March 30, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Chargers Stadium Initiative will be Ballot Measure C". Mighty1090AM. 2016-08-18. Retrieved 2016-08-22. 
  3. ^ "Home - www.ftballiance.org". Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.sdstadium.org
  5. ^ "Project overview" (PDF). chargers.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 31, 2007. 
  6. ^ a b c "Home - www.ftballiance.org". Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  7. ^ National City Abandons Stadium Plan
  8. ^ Hall, Matthew. "Waterfront stadium plan revives debate". The San Diego Union-Tribune. The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Port of San Diego Board Opposes Initiative to Redevelop the Tenth Avenue Marine Terminal". Unified Port of San Diego. Unified Port of San Diego. Retrieved May 27, 2016. 
  10. ^ You can find out more info on the proposed project here:
    • http://media.utsandiego.com/news/documents/2012/01/21/newstadiumplan.pdf
    • http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/2012/jan/23/waterfront-plan-revives-debate/
    • https://www.portofsandiego.org/about-us/general-press-releases/663-port-of-san-diego-board-opposes-initiative-to-redevelop-the-tenth-avenue-marine-terminal.html
  11. ^ Mosher, Spencer. "San Diego Stadium". Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  12. ^ Mosher, Spencer (June 30, 2014). "Phase 4 Convention Center Expansion & Stadium". Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Stadium Design - New Stadium". April 15, 2016. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  14. ^ "San Diego mayor says city can't afford new Chargers stadium," 21 April 2006.
  15. ^ Garrick, David (September 10, 2009). "ESCONDIDO: Large parcels near Sprinter could simplify Chargers' stadium proposal". North County Times. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Home - www.ftballiance.org". Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  17. ^ Chargers aim to choose stadium site by year's end - North County Times - Coastal Archived November 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ "Could stadium deal change Chargers' name?". San Diego Union-Tribune. January 18, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2008. 
  19. ^ a b c d e "Chargers dispute risks of stadium measure". Retrieved 2016-08-23. 
  20. ^ a b c "Taxpayers group opposes Briggs initiative". Retrieved August 23, 2016. 
  21. ^ a b "Chamber endorses Chargers downtown stadium". Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  22. ^ a b "Chargers tout stadium-convention economics". Retrieved August 23, 2016. 
  23. ^ "How San Diego Loses So Much Money on Qualcomm Stadium". 2015-03-11. Retrieved 2016-08-23. 
  24. ^ Diego, AIA San (2016-05-31). "A Football Stadium in East Village? Not so Fast". San Diego UrbDeZine. Retrieved 2016-09-01. 
  25. ^ "About the campaign". Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  26. ^ "Spanos Plan for Stadium Would Cost San Diego Many Ways - Times of San Diego". 2016-08-10. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  27. ^ "FAQ — Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  28. ^ "East Village South: Non-stadium plan revealed". Retrieved 2016-08-22. 
  29. ^ "Fact check: Chargers stadium initiative parking problem". Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  30. ^ No Downtown Stadium (2016-08-08), Fact check: Chargers stadium initiative parking problem, retrieved 2016-08-21 
  31. ^ a b "Exclusive: Padres Chairman Fowler Outlines New Stadium Concerns". 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  32. ^ "Chargers palace could mean paying off Padres". Retrieved 2016-08-23. 
  33. ^ "Map - New Stadium". 2016-04-16. Retrieved 2016-09-01. 
  34. ^ "Comic-Con to fans: No offsite convention expansion". Retrieved 2016-08-23. 
  35. ^ "PRAG Report to City on Chargers' Tax Measure". Scribd. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  36. ^ "REPORT ON PROPOSED JOINT DEVELOPMENT OF A STADIUM-CONVENTION CENTER" (PDF). San Diego Tourism Marketing District. HVS Convention, Sports & Entertainment Facilities Consulting. August 9, 2016. Retrieved August 21, 2016. 
  37. ^ "Taxpayers Association Opposes Ballot Measure for Downtown Stadium - Times of San Diego". 2016-08-23. Retrieved 2016-08-23. 
  38. ^ "Chargers stadium tax measure 'bad deal' for city, Taxpayers Association says". fox5sandiego.com. 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-08-23. 
  39. ^ "Stadium, convention initiatives need two-thirds vote". Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  40. ^ "Vote Yes on C - Timeline | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  41. ^ "Chargers attack politician who is opposed to Ballot Measure C". Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  42. ^ "San Diego Chargers go on the attack in stadium campaign". Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  43. ^ Farmer, Sam; Fenno, Nathan (January 12, 2016). "NFL will return to Los Angeles for 2016 season". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 12, 2016. 
  44. ^ Acee, Kevin; Garrick, David; Wilkens, John (January 29, 2016). "Chargers here for a year -- then what?". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved January 30, 2016. 
  45. ^ http://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2017/01/26/goodell-nfl-disappointed-by-chargers-move/
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