Samuel McTier

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Samuel McTier (1737/38 - 1795) was the first President of the Belfast Society of the United Irishmen, a revolutionary organisation in late 18th century Ireland.

Early Life & Family

Born in Dundonald, County Down, McTier was a chandler by trade and a freemason.[1] In 1773 he married the 31-year-old Martha 'Matty' Drennan, sister of William Drennan one of the founding members of the United Irishmen.[2] By then McTier was a widower with a young daughter. He and Martha would have no children of their own.[3] In 1781 he was declared bankrupt through a combination of bad luck and poor judgement. Four years later he was working as the ballast master to the new Harbour Commission in Belfast, and later as a notary public.[4]

The United Irishmen

The United Irishmen were initially founded in 1791 as a group of liberal Protestant and Presbyterian men interested in promoting Parliamentary reform, and influenced by the ideas of Thomas Paine and his book ‘The Rights of Man’. Original members included Thomas Russell, Wolfe Tone, William Drennan, and Samuel Neilson.

While McTier was not a member of the original 11 men who founded the Society, he was appointed the first President of the Belfast United Irishmen.[5] Thereafter the McTier home became a centre for United Irish gatherings and meetings.[6] Such meetings became dangerous in 1793 after Revolutionary France declared war on Britain. The United Irishmen were outlawed and began to operate as a secretive body.

Death

He died suddenly in June 1795[7] while holidaying in Inveraray, Scotland with Martha.[8] He left no will, and Martha was forced to live in reduced circumstances for the rest of her long widowhood. She herself died in 1837.[9]

Notes

  1. ^ Dawson 2003
  2. ^ Northern Ireland.org
  3. ^ Bourke 2002, pg. 67
  4. ^ Northern Ireland.org
  5. ^ Northern Ireland.org
  6. ^ Kennedy 2004, pg. 652
  7. ^ Bourke 2002, pg. 67
  8. ^ Ulster Scots Network, pg. 5
  9. ^ Northern Ireland.org

References

  • Northern Ireland.org, 'Martha and Samuel McTier - Husband and wife heavily involved in the United Irishmen', (http://www.culturenorthernireland.org/features/heritage/martha-and-samuel-mctier)
  • Catriona Kennedy 2004, Womanish Epistles?’ Martha McTier, Female Epistolarity and Late Eighteenth-Century Irish Radicalism, Women’s History Review, Volume 13, Number 4, 2004.
  • Angela Bourke 2002, 'The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing, Volume 5', NYU Press.
  • Ulster Scots Community Network, 'Herstory II: Profiles of 8 more Ulster Scots Women', (http://www.ulster-scots.com/uploads/herstory2.pdf).
  • Kenneth L. Dawson 2003, Moment of unity - Irish rebels and Freemasons, 'Irish News', May 10, 2003
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