Salomone Leclercq

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Saint
Salomone Leclercq
F.S.C.
Religious; Martyr
Born (1745-11-15)15 November 1745
Boulogne-ser-Mer, Pas-de-Calais, Kingdom of France
Died 2 September 1792(1792-09-02) (aged 46)
Hôtel des Carmes, Paris, Kingdom of France
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 17 October 1926, Saint Peter's Basilica, Kingdom of Italy by Pope Pius XI
Canonized 16 October 2016, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis
Feast 2 September
Attributes
  • Cassock
  • Palm
Patronage
  • Persecuted Christians

Saint Salomone Leclercq (15 November 1745 – 2 September 1792) – born Guillaume-Nicolas-Louis Leclercq – was a French Roman Catholic professed religious who was killed during the French Revolution for his refusal to swear an oath of allegiance to the new government. Leclercq assumed the religious name of "Salomone" after he was admitted as a professed member of the De La Salle Brothers.[1]

Leclercq was killed in 1792 after he refused to take the oath of allegiance to the new French government almost two weeks before the kingdom was dissolved. He was killed in the garden of a Carmelite convent around a fortnight after he had been arrested and imprisoned in Paris.[2]

His beatification received the approval of Pope Pius XI who beatified Leclercq and his 190 companions on 17 October 1926 while Pope Francis approved his canonization in 2016. A date for sanctification was fixed at a gathering of cardinals on 20 June 2016 and the canonization was celebrated on 16 October 2016.

Life

Baptismal record.

Guillaume-Nicolas-Louis Leclercq was born in the Kingdom of France on 15 November 1745.

He entered the novitiate with the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools – or De La Salle Brothers – on 25 March 1767 and assumed the religious name of "Salomone".[1] He served as a teacher and later as the master of novices. Leclercq also was made procurator in 1777 of Maréville and in 1778 made provincial. In 1790 during the French Revolution the institute was designated as being illegal due to the members who refused to take the oath of allegiance to the new French government following the toppling of King Louis XVI. He too refused to take the oath and despite being monitored penned letters to his relatives. His last letter was dated on 15 August 1792.[1][2] It was around this time in 1791 he and the priest Clorivièm initiated plans to establish a new religious congregation – it was never to materialize.

Leclercq was arrested on 15 August 1792 and was imprisoned with priests and other religious at a Carmelite convent in Paris. Revolutionaries armed with swords killed them all on 2 September 1792 in the garden of the convent.[2]

Sainthood

The process for Leclercq's sainthood commenced in Paris on 21 March 1901 in a diocesan process for himself and his fellow 190 compatriots killed at the same time as he. The process was tasked with collating biographical evidence on them and attesting to their being killed "in odium fidei" (in hatred of the faith); the process concluded on 5 February 1906. This occurred despite the fact that the formal introduction to the cause did not occur until it received the approval of Pope Benedict XV on 26 January 1916 in a move that labelled Leclercq as a Servant of God.

The second process later was held and after it concluded received the full ratification of the Congregation of Rites in addition to the first process receiving ratification. This ensured that the cause could proceed to the next stage under the care of officials in Rome. His beatification received formal approval from Pope Pius XI on 1 October 1926; the pontiff beatified Leclercq and his 190 companions on 17 October 1926.

Following this Leclercq's cause was disconnected from his compatriots and treated as a singular cause. The supposed miracle that would lead to his eventual sanctification was investigated in the diocese of its origin in Venezuela from 19 January 2011 to 29 September 2011 and was sent to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints for further investigation. The consulting medical board approved the miracle on 3 March 2016 while theologians approved it the following month on 5 April 2016. The C.C.S. approved the miracle on 3 May 2016 and passed it onto Pope Francis who approved for Leclercq's canonization on 9 May 2016.

The date of canonization was decided at a gathering of cardinals on 20 June 2016 and the canonization itself was celebrated in Saint Peter's Square on 16 October 2016.

The postulator at the time of canonization was Rodolfo Cosimo Meoli.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Blessed Salomone (Guillaume-Nicolas-Louis) Leclercq". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Blessed Solomon Leclercq". La Salle. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 

External links

  • Hagiography Circle
  • Saints SQPN
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