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Virus classification
Group I (dsDNA)
Type species
Salmonid herpesvirus 1

See text

Salmonivirus is a genus of viruses in the order Herpesvirales, in the family Alloherpesviridae. Salmonidae serve as natural hosts. There are currently three species in this genus, including the type species Salmonid herpesvirus 1. Diseases associated with this genus include: salHV-3: epizootic epitheliotropic disease.[1][2]


The genus consists of the following three species:[2]


Viruses in Salmonivirus are enveloped, with icosahedral and spherical to pleomorphic geometries, and T=16 symmetry. The diameter is around 150-200 nm. Genomes are linear and non-segmented.[1]

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic arrangement Genomic segmentation
Salmonivirus Spherical pleomorphic T=16 Enveloped Linear Monopartite

Life cycle

Viral replication is nuclear, and is lysogenic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the viral glycoproteins to host receptors, which mediates endocytosis. DNA-templated transcription is the method of transcription. Salmonidae serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are passive diffusion.[1]

Genus Host details Tissue tropism Entry details Release details Replication site Assembly site Transmission
Salmonivirus Salmonidae None Glycoprotiens Budding Nucleus Nucleus Passive diffusion


  1. ^ a b c "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 13 August 2015.

External links

  • Viralzone: Salmonivirus
  • ICTV

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