Salm-Kyrburg

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Forest- and Rhine-County of Salm-Kyrburg
Wild- und Rheingrafschaft Salm-Kyrburg
State of the Holy Roman Empire
1499–1681
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Capital Kirn
Government Principality
Historical era Early modern Europe
 •  Partitioned from
    Upper Salm
1499
 •  Partitioned into three 1607
 •  Comital line extinct;
    inherited by S-Neuweiler
1681
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Image missing Upper Salm
Salm-Neuweiler Image missing

Salm-Kyrburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire located in present-day Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, one of the various partitions of Salm. It was twice created: the first time as a Wild- and Rhinegraviate (partitioned from Upper Salm), and secondly as a Principality (succeeding the earlier Principality of Salm-Leuze). The first state of Salm-Kyrburg was partitioned between itself, Salm-Mörchingen and Salm-Tronecken in 1607, and was inherited by Salm-Neuweiler in 1681 upon the lines' extinction.

In 1742, Salm-Kyrburg was raised to a principality; it shared its vote in the Reichstag with Salm-Salm. Salm-Kyrburg was annexed by France in 1798; this was recognized by the Holy Roman Empire in the Treaty of Lunéville of 1801. As a compensation, the princes were granted new territories formerly belonging to the Bishops of Münster in 1802, which formed the newly founded Principality of Salm.

The full title used by the Princes of the resurrected state was "Prince of Salm-Kyrburg, Sovereign Prince of Ahaus, Bocholt and Gemen, Wildgrave of Dhaun and Kyrburg, Rhinegrave of Stein".

Princes of Salm-Kyrburg

Wild- and Rhinegraves (1499–1681)

  • John VII (1499–1531)
  • John VIII (1531–1548)
  • Otto I (1548–1607)
  • John Casimir (1607–1651)
  • George Frederick (1651–1681)

Sovereign princes (1743–1813)

Mediatised princes within Prussia (1813–1921)

  • Frederick IV (1813–1859)
  • Frederick V (1859–1887)
  • Frederick VI (1887–1905)
  • Yvonne (1905-1921)
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