Sak K'uk'

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Sak K'uk'
Queen of Palenque
Sak K'uk' in 615
Reign October, 612 – 615
Predecessor K'inich Janaab Pakal (position uncertain) or Ajen Yohl Mat
Successor K'inich Janaab Pakal I
Died (640-09-12)September 12, 640[citation needed]
Spouse K'an Mo' Hix
Issue K'inich Janaab Pakal I
Ajen Yohl Mat?
Father K'inich Janaab Pakal
Mother Yohl Ik'nal or unknown
Religion Maya religion

Sak K'uk'[N 1] also known as Muwaan Mat, Lady Sak K'uk' and Lady Beastie, was queen of the Maya city-state of Palenque. She acceded to the throne in October, 612 and ruled until 615.[N 2][1]


Her father was Janahb Pakal and her mother was Yohl Ik'nal or unknown.[2] As Janaab Pakal seems to have had no male heirs, she ascended to the throne on 19 October 612, a few months after her father's death. After his maturity, her son K'inich Janaab Pakal I succeeded her as ruler on 5 Lamat 1 Mol.[3][4] She seems to have continued to wield considerable influence over Palenque in the early decades of her father's reign. She was probably mother of Ajen Yohl Mat.[5][6]

Glyph of Sak K'uk'


  1. ^ The ruler's name, when transcribed is ?-[MUWA:N]MAT.
  2. ^ These are the dates indicated on the Maya inscriptions in Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, Acceded: 9 Etz'nab 6 Keh.


  1. ^ Skidmore, Joel (2010). The Rulers of Palenque (PDF) (Fifth ed.). Mesoweb Publications. p. 67. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Skidmore, Joel (2010). The Rulers of Palenque (PDF) (Fifth ed.). Mesoweb Publications. pp. 56–57. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Skidmore 2010, p. 71.
  4. ^ Martin & Grube 2008, pp. 162-168.
  5. ^ Skidmore, Joel (2010). The Rulers of Palenque (PDF) (Fifth ed.). Mesoweb Publications. pp. 67–70. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Martin, Simon; Nikolai Grube (2008). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya (2nd ed.). London and New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 159–161. ISBN 9780500287262. OCLC 191753193. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Janahb Pakal (position uncertain) or Ajen Yohl Mat
Queen of Palenque
October 19, 612 – 615
Succeeded by
K'inich Janaab Pakal I
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