Saint-Valery-en-Caux

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Saint-Valery-en-Caux
Commune
The marina and town centre
The marina and town centre
Coat of arms of Saint-Valery-en-Caux
Coat of arms
Saint-Valery-en-Caux is located in France
Saint-Valery-en-Caux
Saint-Valery-en-Caux
Location within Normandy region
Saint-Valery-en-Caux is located in Normandy
Saint-Valery-en-Caux
Saint-Valery-en-Caux
Coordinates: 49°52′N 0°47′E / 49.86°N 0.78°E / 49.86; 0.78Coordinates: 49°52′N 0°47′E / 49.86°N 0.78°E / 49.86; 0.78
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Seine-Maritime
Arrondissement Dieppe
Canton Saint-Valery-en-Caux
Intercommunality CC Côte d'Albâtre
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Dominique Chauvel
Area1 10.47 km2 (4.04 sq mi)
Population (2015)2 4,209
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 76655 /76460
Elevation 0–80 m (0–262 ft)
(avg. 5 m or 16 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Valery-en-Caux is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.

The house called "Henry IV" (16th century).

Geography

A small fishing port and light industrial town situated in the Pays de Caux, some 20 miles (32 km) west of Dieppe at the junction of the D53, D20, D79 and the D925 roads. Here, huge chalk cliffs rise up from the pebble beach (sandy at low tide) to overlook the English Channel. The SNCF station is no longer in use and the only way to get out of this beautiful town is by bus - which are few and far between.

History

It is said to have been founded by Saint Valery in the 7th century. A monastery was built on the site of the present-day town and was known as ‘’’Sanctum Walaricum’’’ in 990 CE, according to the charter in which Richard I, Duke of Normandy, gave the town (part of his personal property) to the abbey of Fecamp. A busy fishing port from the 13th to the 17th century, its decline was due to the growth of the much larger port of Fecamp, to the west.
It is perhaps best known as the place where the British 51st (Highland) Infantry Division commanded by Major General Victor Fortune and French troops surrendered to Erwin Rommel on June 12, 1940. The town was largely destroyed in the fighting in 1940. During the action, French cavalry on horseback faced German panzer tanks.[citation needed] (Cavalry were used for reconnaissance and marauding, not frontal attack). Saint-Valéry-en-Caux was liberated on 11 September 1944 by the 51st Highland division.[1] On 17 January 1945, the railway station was destroyed when a runaway train full of American troops crashed into it. Eighty-nine American soldiers were killed and 152 were injured.[2]
A lively and interesting little town that boasts a casino, waterpark and the maximum four flowers on the France in Bloom placards. Tourism now accounts for much of the town's prosperity.

Heraldry

Arms of Saint-Valery-en-Caux
The arms of Saint-Valery-en-Caux are blazoned :
Azure, 2 dolphins addorsed argent.



Population

Historical population of Saint-Valery-en-Caux
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 2905 3089 3274 5501 4595 4782 4733
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Places of interest

People

Twin towns

See also

References

  • INSEE
  1. ^ Armées.com - Ossian Seipel's Memoirs ch 7
  2. ^ Russell C. Eustice Recalls the Troop Train 2980 Tragedy at St. Valery-en-Caux During World War II

External links

  • Official website of Saint-Valéry-en-Caux (in French) (in English)
  • Unofficial Website of the commune (in French)
  • The City of Inverness - twinning with St Valéry
  • Website of Aeroclub Cauchois (LFOS) Discover Normandy from the air (in French)
  • The CWGC cemetery
  • Saint-Valery-en-Caux on the Quid website (in French)
  • History of the shipowner's house 'Henry IV house' including surprising links with Cannibals and South America!
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