Saint-Pierre, Saint Pierre and Miquelon

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Saint-Pierre
Commune
Aerial view of Saint-Pierre
Aerial view of Saint-Pierre
Flag of Saint-Pierre
Flag
Saint Pierre and Miquelon map.gif
Coordinates: 46°46′40″N 56°10′40″W / 46.7778°N 56.1778°W / 46.7778; -56.1778Coordinates: 46°46′40″N 56°10′40″W / 46.7778°N 56.1778°W / 46.7778; -56.1778
Country France
Overseas collectivity Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Karine Claireaux (PS)
Area 25 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population (July 2011)1 5,888
 • Density 240/km2 (610/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 97502 /97500
Elevation 0–207 m (0–679 ft)
1 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Pierre is the capital of the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, off the coast of Newfoundland in Canada. Saint-Pierre is the more populated of the two communes (municipalities) making up Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

Geography

The commune of Saint-Pierre is made up of the island of Saint-Pierre proper and several nearby smaller islands, such as L'Île-aux-Marins. Although containing nearly 90% of the inhabitants of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the commune of Saint-Pierre is considerably smaller than the commune of Miquelon-Langlade, which lies to its northwest on Miquelon Island.

The main settlement and communal seat is situated on the north side of a harbour called Barachois, which faces the Atlantic Ocean, on the Saint-Pierre Island's east coast. The mouth of the harbour is guarded by a small chain of islands.

History

St. Pierre was an outpost used by Al Capone to transport alcohol from Canada to the United States during Prohibition.

Until 1945, there existed a third commune in Saint Pierre and Miquelon: L'Île-aux-Marins. The commune of L'Île-aux-Marins was annexed by the commune of Saint-Pierre in 1945.

Demographics

The population of Saint-Pierre at the 2006 local census was 5,888,[1] many of whom are of Basque, Breton, Normand or Acadian descent. All inhabitants in the commune (municipality) live on the island of Saint-Pierre proper.

Government

The commune is led by a mayor and a council.

Saint-Pierre under snow.
Saint-Pierre on a cloudy day.

Landmarks

Close to the centre of the harbour's edge lie the Post office and Custom House (staffed by Directorate-General of Customs and Indirect Taxes), behind which is General Charles de Gaulle Square, the town's centre.

Other prominent landmarks in Saint-Pierre include the cathedral, to the north of the square, rebuilt in the early twentieth century after a major fire, and the Pointe aux Canons Lighthouse, at the mouth of the harbour. Further north, close to the town's former hospital, is the Fronton Zazpiak Bat - an arena for the traditional Basque sport of pelota.

Services

Hospitalier François Dunan (opened 2011[2]) is the only hospital (84 bed facility) in St. Pierre et Miquelon with additional health care needs at the seniors residence at Maison de Retraite Eglantine.

Transportation

Saint-Pierre Airport, the international airport of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, is located south of the settlement of Saint-Pierre and is served by Air Saint-Pierre with flights both to Miquelon Airport and five Canadian airports.

Radio and television

  • Radio France Outremer
  • Radio Atlantique

Education

Public primary schools in the commune:

  • Ecole maternelle Ile aux Enfants (preschool/nursery) - As of 2014 it had 62 students.[3]
  • Ecole primaire Henriette Bonin - As of 2014 it had 62 students[4]
  • Ecole élémentaire du Feu Rouge - As of 2014 it had 163 students[5] As of 2016 it had 172 students.[6] It is in the downtown and is one nautical cable from the Ile aux Enfants nursery.[7]

Lycée-Collège d'État Émile Letournel is the public secondary school in the commune, with junior high, vocational high, and general senior high/sixth-form programmes.

Private schools:

  • Ecole maternelle Saint-Louis de Gonzague (preschool/nursery)[8]
  • Ecole élémentaire Sainte-Croisine - It opened on November 4, 1925[9]
  • Ecole élémentaire Sainte-Odile[10]
  • Collège Saint Christophe (junior high school)[11]

Twin towns – sister cities

Saint-Pierre is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ Insee - Bases de donnees - Les resultats des recensements de la population
  2. ^ http://www.tlr-associes.com/nos-projets__17_sante_hopitaux-et-cliniques_centre-hospitalier-francois-dunan-saint-pierre-et-miquelon_79.html
  3. ^ "Ecole maternelle Ile aux Enfants > Présentation." National Education Service of Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  4. ^ "Ecole primaire Henriette Bonin >Présentation." National Education Service of Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  5. ^ "Ecole élémentaire du Feu Rouge >Présentation." National Education Service of Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  6. ^ "172 élèves. Evaluation en CE2." Ecole élémentaire du Feu Rouge. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  7. ^ "Contact." Ecole élémentaire du Feu Rouge. Retrieved on September 14, 2016. "L'école élémentaire du Feu Rouge est située au centre-ville de Saint-Pierre à une encablure de l'école maternelle l'Ile aux Enfants." Address: "Ecole élémentaire du Feu Rouge 28, rue Louis Pasteur, BP 4234 St Pierre et Miquelon, 97500 "
  8. ^ "Ecole maternelle Saint-Louis de Gonzague." National Education Service of Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  9. ^ "Petit historique." Ecole élémentaire Sainte-Croisine. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  10. ^ Home. Ecole élémentaire Sainte-Odile. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  11. ^ Home. Collège Saint Christophe. Retrieved on September 14, 2016.
  12. ^ Jumelages

External links

  • Official website (in French)
  • Encyclopédie de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
  • Tourism and Travel Resources for St Pierre & Miquelon
  • Frequently Asked Questions Tourism and Travel
  • Map of Saint-Pierre
  • Local Airline Air Saint-Pierre
  • Ferry service for Saint-Pierre, Miquelon and Fortune Newfoundland
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