Sailana State

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Sailana State
Princely State
1736–1948
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
History
 •  Established 1736
 •  Independence of India 1948
Area
 •  1901 769 km2 (297 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 35,000 
Density 45.5 /km2  (117.9 /sq mi)
Sailana (Princely State)

Sailana State was a princely state in India during the British Raj[1] with an area of 769 km². It belonged to the Malwa Agency, part of Central India Agency. The state enjoyed an estimated revenue of Rs.3,00,000 in 1901. The flag was a red triangle.

History

Sailana State was founded by Raja Jai Singh, great-grandson of Maharaja Ratan Singh, founder of Ratlam State. In 1716 Jai singh took revenge against his uncle for the murder of his father, he killed him in a pitched battle at sagode and secured Ratlam for his elder brother. The two brothers then divided the state between themselves. Jai singh's capital was initially at Raoti. He built Sailana city as his new capital in 1736. He fought 22 battles in his lifetime, turning Sailana into an independent state.[1] During Raja Mokham Singh's rule, Sailana suffered in war against the Scindias of Gwalior, most of the states eastern and southern lands were annexed. Raja Lakshman Singh of Sailana tried to push the Scindia's out of his kingdom. In 1818 he refused to pay chauth which was regularly levied, the Scindias retaliated by sending an army under Bujang Rao, the Gwalior army which had European arms and was French trained lost its advantage on the hills en route to Sailana and was defeated by Lakshman Singh, the captured soldiers were allowed to leave but all of their guns and artillery were taken. On 5 January 1819, John Malcolm mediated between Gwalior and Sailana upon which Raja Lakshman Singh accepted British protection and agreed to pay a fixed tribute of 42,000 Salim Shahi to Gwalior, in return for Scindia agreeing to refrain from any interference in Sailana. During British rule Sailana saw development under the capable hands of Raja Jaswant Singh and then under his son Raja Dilip Singh, many reforms were introduced over the coming years, with particular attention being paid to education and the provision of vernacular educational facilities. By 1947, education and medical aid were provided free of charge, the local municipality was placed on a democratic footing and the judiciary and executive made independent of each other. Although the economy was primarily agricultural, some limited industrialisation included oil mills, and iron and steel works. On 15 June 1948, Raja Dilip Singh signed the accession to the Indian Union.[2][3]

Rulers

The rulers belonged to the Ratanot Rathore line to which the rajas of Ratlam State and Sitamau State also belonged.

Rajas

Name Year
Jai Singh 1736 – 1757
Jaswant Singh 1757 – 1772
Ajab Singh 1772 – 1782
Mokham Singh 1782 – 1797
Lakshman Singh 1797 – 1826
Ratan Singh 1826 – 1827
Nahar Singh 1827 – 1841
Takhat Singh 1841 – 1850
Rajmata Nath Kanwarji (regent) 1850 – 1859
Duleh Singh 1850 – 1895
Jaswant Singh 1895 – 1919
Dilip Singh 1919 – 1947 (1947 - 1961 titular)
Digvijay Singh (titular) 1961 – 1990
Vikram Singh (titular) 1990 – present

Jagirdars of Sailana State

  • Semliya
  • Birmawal
  • Raoti
  • Kaneri
  • Chandoriya
  • Kotda
  • Bharoda
  • Advania
  • Morda
  • Ghatwas
  • Kariya
  • Nayapura
  • Mewasa
  • Nalkui
  • Umran

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Imperial Gazetteer of India. Vol.21. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1908. pp. 385–7.
  2. ^ Princely States of India
  3. ^ Sailana through the ages by Jayantilaal Mehta

External links

  • Sailana princely state
  • Royal house of Sailana

Coordinates: 23°28′N 74°55′E / 23.47°N 74.92°E / 23.47; 74.92

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