Sailana State

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Sailana State
Princely State
1736–1948
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Sailana
Sailana State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 •  Established 1736
 •  Independence of India 1948
Area
 •  1941 769 km2 (297 sq mi)
Population
 •  1941 35,000 
Density 45.5 /km2  (117.9 /sq mi)
Sailana (Princely State)

Sailana State was a princely state in India during the British Raj[1] with an area of 769 km². It belonged to the Malwa Agency, part of Central India Agency. Sailana state was so intermingled with the state of Ratlam that it was impossible to show it accurately on map, but It consisted of roughly one-third of Ratlam State apart from its lands in Raoti. The flag was a red triangle.

History

Sailana State was founded by Jai Singh, great-grandson of Ratan Singh, founder of Ratlam State. In 1716 Jai singh took revenge against his uncle for the murder of his father, he killed him in a pitched battle at sagode and secured Ratlam for his elder brother. The two brothers then divided the state between themselves. Jai singh's capital was initially at Raoti. He built Sailana city as his new capital in 1736. He fought 22 battles in his lifetime, turning Sailana into an independent state.[1] During Raja Mokham Singh's rule, Sailana suffered in war against the Scindias of Gwalior, most of the states eastern and southern lands were annexed. Raja Lakshman Singh of Sailana tried to push the Scindia's out of his kingdom. In 1818 he refused to pay chauth which was regularly levied, the Scindias retaliated by sending an army under Bujang Rao, the Gwalior army which had European arms and was French trained lost its advantage on the hills en route to Sailana and was defeated by Lakshman Singh, the captured soldiers were allowed to leave but all of their guns and artillery were taken. On 5 January 1819, John Malcolm mediated between Gwalior and Sailana upon which Raja Lakshman Singh accepted British protection and agreed to pay a fixed tribute of 42,000 Salim Shahi to Gwalior, in return for Scindia agreeing to refrain from any interference in Sailana. During British rule Sailana saw development under the capable hands of Raja Jaswant Singh and then under his son Raja Dilip Singh, many reforms were introduced over the coming years, with particular attention being paid to education and the provision of vernacular educational facilities. By 1947, education and medical aid were provided free of charge, the local municipality was placed on a democratic footing and the judiciary and executive made independent of each other. Although the economy was primarily agricultural, some limited industrialisation included oil mills, and iron and steel works. On 15 June 1948, Raja Dilip Singh signed the accession to the Indian Union.[2][3]

Rulers

The rulers of Sailana State were Rathore Rajputs.

Rajas

  • 1736 - 1757 Jai Singh- Fought 22 battles and formed the Sailana State (d. 1757)
  • 1757 - 1772 Jaswant Singh I (d. 1772)
  • 1772 - 1782 Ajab Singh- Successfully defended his throne against the revolt by his brother, Daulat singh. (d. 1782)
  • 1782 - 1797 Mokham Singh- Suffered loss of land to the Scindias. (d. 1797)
  • 1797 - 1826 Lakshman Singh- Fought against the Scindias of Gwalior and defeated an army under Bhujang rao. Later he signed a treaty with the British in which he agreed to pay a fixed tribute of 42,000 salim shai to the Scindias. The British have called him notorious and a threat to the British Empire, in a letter that was sent to the British governor of Malwa. (d. 1826)
  • 1826 - 1827 Ratan Singh (d. 1827)
  • 1827 - 23 Aug 1841 Nahar Singh (d. 1841)
  • 23 Aug 1841 - 1850 Takhat Singh (d. 1850)
  • 1850 - 11 Oct 1895 Dule Singh- A very pious man, he built a small house in kedareshwar temple and spent most his time praying. He did a lot for the Bhils of Sailana for which he is still remembered and loved. Dule singh's character is shown in the event when he refused the invitation to come to the delhi darbaar in 1877 and bow before the British. He was sharply reprimanded for this insult to the British Empire. (b. 1838 - d. 1895)
  • 1850 - 1857 .... -Administrator
  • 1857 - 1859 Rani Nath Kanwarji (f) -Regent (b. 1795 - d. 1885)
  • 11 Oct 1895 – 13 Jul 1919 Jashwant Singh II (b. 1864 - d. 1919) (from 26 Jun 1904, Sir Jashwant Singh II)
  • 14 Jul 1919 – 15 Aug 1947 Dileep Singh (b. 1891 - d. 1961) (from 1 Jan 1936, Sir Dhalip Singh)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Imperial Gazetteer of India. Vol.21. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1908. pp. 385–7. 
  2. ^ Princely States of India
  3. ^ Sailana through the ages by Jayantilaal Mehta

External links

  • Sailana princely state
  • Royal house of Sailana

Coordinates: 23°28′N 74°55′E / 23.47°N 74.92°E / 23.47; 74.92

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