Safra massacre

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Safra massacre
Part of the Lebanese Civil War
Date 7 July 1980

Decisive Kataeb Victory

  • Tigers Militia liquidated, survivors incorporated into Lebanese Forces
Forces Libanaises Flag.svg Lebanese Front

Logo du Parti national liberal.jpegNational Liberal Party

Commanders and leaders
Logo of Kataeb Party.svg Bachir Gemayel Logo du Parti national liberal.jpeg Camille Chamoun
Dany Chamoun
500 man militia
Casualties and losses
83 people killed

The Safra massacre, or the Day of the Long Knives, occurred in the coastal town of Safra (north of Beirut) on 7 July 1980, during the Lebanese civil war, as part of Bashir Gemayel's effort to consolidate all the Christian fighters under his leadership in the Lebanese Forces.

The Phalangist forces launched a surprise attack on the Tigers, a 500-man militia that was the armed force of the National Liberal Party of former Lebanese President Camille Chamoun. The attack was supposed to be conducted at around 4:00 a.m., but in order to spare the life of Camille's son and commander of the Tigers Dany Chamoun, the attack was postponed to 10:00 a.m. to make sure that Dany left for Fakra. The attack claimed the lives of roughly 83 people.

Prior to the attack, Camille Chamoun decided to disarm the militia in order to avoid further bloodshed from both the Phalangists and the Tigers.

Since that time, the National Liberal Party has survived only as a political party although the Tigers were virtually wiped out.

See also


  • Short article on the Day of the Long Knives

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