Saccharum spontaneum

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Kans grass
K5601-19.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Saccharum
Species: S. spontaneum
Binomial name
Saccharum spontaneum
Kans grass (Saccharum spontaneum)

Saccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane,[1] Kans grass, Bengali: কাশ, translit. kash, Hindi: काँस, translit. kām̥s, Odia: କାଶତଣ୍ଡି, translit. kāśataṇḍi, Assamese: কঁহুৱা, খাগৰী, translit. kahuwa, khagori) is a grass native to the Indian Subcontinent. It is a perennial grass, growing up to three meters in height, with spreading rhizomatous roots.[2][3]

In the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands, a lowland ecoregion at the base of the Himalaya range in Nepal, India, Bangladesh and Bhutan, kans grass quickly colonises exposed silt plains created each year by the retreating monsoon floods, forming almost pure stands on the lowest portions of the floodplain. Kans grasslands are an important habitat for the Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). In Nepal, kans grass is harvested to thatch roofs or fence vegetable gardens.

Elsewhere, its ability to quickly colonize disturbed soil has allowed it to become an invasive species that takes over croplands and pasturelands.

Uses

Saccharum spontaneum has a considerable number of regional names in the Indian Subcontinent, for instance kash [কাশ] being common in Bengali/Bangla [বাংলা]. It is used in Ayurveda.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ "Saccharum spontaneum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  2. ^ http://assamforest.in/publication/wildEdible_plantsAssam.pdf
  3. ^ http://assamplants.com/Alphabetical%20%20Order%20(Sc%20Name).htm
  4. ^ Pankaj Oudhia (2001-3)
  5. ^ http://assamplants.com/All%20Species/Saccharum%20spont.htm

External links

  • Data related to Saccharum spontaneum at Wikispecies


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