SAR-Lupe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from SARah)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
A model of a SAR-Lupe satellite on top of a Russian Cosmos-3M rocket.

SAR-Lupe is Germany's first reconnaissance satellite system and is used for military purposes. SAR is an abbreviation for synthetic aperture radar and "Lupe" is German for magnifying glass. The SAR-Lupe program consists of five identical (770 kg) satellites, developed by the German aeronautics company OHB-System which are controlled by a ground station[1] which is responsible for controlling the system and analysing the retrieved data. A large data archive of images will be kept in a former Cold War bunker belonging to the Kommando Strategische Aufklärung (Strategic Reconnaissance Command) of the Bundeswehr.

Specifications

SAR-Lupe's "high-resolution" images can be acquired day or night through all weather conditions. The first satellite was launched from Plesetsk in Russia on 19 December 2006, about a year after the intended launch date; four more satellites were launched at roughly six-month intervals, and the entire system achieved full operational readiness on 22 July 2008.[2]

The five satellites operate in three 500-kilometre orbits in planes roughly sixty degrees apart. They use an X-band radar with a three-metre dish, providing a resolution of about 50 centimetres over a frame size of 5.5 km on a side ('spotlight mode', in which the satellite rotates to keep the dish pointed at a single target) or about one metre over a frame size of 8 km x 60 km ('stripmap mode', in which the satellite maintains a fixed orientation over the earth and the radar image is formed simply by the satellite's motion along its orbit). Response time for imaging of a given area is ten hours or less. Thales Alenia Space provided the core of the Synthetic Aperture Radar sensors.[3]

History

The testing of SAR-Lupe involved an inverse procedure, in which the satellite, mounted in a radome on Earth, was used to image the International Space Station, whose orbit is reasonably close to the one the satellite will eventually be in. One-metre resolution at the ISS was apparently achieved.

On 30 July 2002 a cooperation treaty between Germany and France was signed, under which the SAR-Lupe satellites and the French Helios optical reconnaissance satellite will operate jointly. Other EU countries have been invited to join as well and Italy has shown considerable interest.

Future

A replacement of SAR-LUPE, called SARah, will be put into service from 2017-2019. It will consist of 3 radar satellites and one optical satellite. The satellites of SARah will be bigger and more capable than those of SAR-Lupe.[4] SARah-1, a phased-array-antenna satellite, and SARah-2 and 3, passive-antenna synthetic aperture radars, are planned to be launched on Falcon 9 sometimes in 2019 and 2020.[5]

Launches

Satellite Date Carrier rocket Launch site Launch status
SAR-Lupe-1 19 December 2006 Cosmos-3M[1] Plesetsk Success
SAR-Lupe-2 2 July 2007 Cosmos-3M [2] Plesetsk Success
SAR-Lupe-3 1 November 2007 Cosmos-3M [3] Plesetsk Success
SAR-Lupe-4 27 March 2008 Cosmos-3M [4][5] Plesetsk Success
SAR-Lupe-5 22 July 2008 Cosmos-3M [6] Plesetsk Success

Contractors

See also

References

  1. ^ SAR-Lupe ground station: Zentrum für Nachrichtenwesen der Bundeswehr (ZNBw), Max-Planck-Str. 17, 53501 Gelsdorf 50°34′06″N 7°02′11″E / 50.5683°N 7.0363°E / 50.5683; 7.0363
  2. ^ Stephen Clark (July 22, 2008). "Radar reconnaissance spacecraft launched". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  3. ^ "Successful Launch Of Sar-lupe Satellite, With Thales Alenia Space's SAR Sensor Electronics Units" (Press release). July 3, 2007. Archived from the original on May 6, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  4. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/technik/sarah-bundeswehr-will-drei-neue-spionagesatelliten-kaufen-a-907583.html
  5. ^ http://www.spacex.com/press/2013/08/08/spacex-awarded-launch-german-radar-reconnaissance-satellite-system
  6. ^ OHB-System AG (SAR-Lupe)
  7. ^ LSE Space Engineering & Operations AG Archived 2006-10-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  • SAR-Lupe Constellation, eoPortal Directory
  • Germany’s SAR-Lupe constellation puts Europe ahead, C4ISR Journal
  • "Russian carrier rocket takes into space German intelligence sat". Itar-Tass. 2007-11-01. Archived from the original on 2007-12-18.
  • German Earth-observing radar satellite launched
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SAR-Lupe&oldid=835114948#Future"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SARah
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "SAR-Lupe"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA