S2 (missile)

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S2
SSBS S2 (MAE).JPG
S2 SSBS displayed at the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace at Le Bourget.
Type IRBM
Place of origin France
Service history
In service 1971-1984
Used by French Air Force
Production history
Manufacturer Aérospatiale
Specifications
Weight 31,900 kg (70,300 lb)
Length 14.8 m (49 ft)
Diameter 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in)
Warhead 1 × MR 31 nuclear warhead, 120 kilotonnes

Engine Two-stage Solid-fuel rocket
534 kN (120,000 lbf)
Operational
range
3,000 km (1,900 mi)
Guidance
system
Inertial
Launch
platform
Silo, Plateau d'Albion

The S2 was the first deployed French land-based strategic missile, equipped with a single nuclear warhead of 120 kilotonnes. In France it is called an SSBS, for Sol-Sol Balistique Stratégique, or Ground-Ground Strategic Ballistic Missile. The S2 was a two-stage, solid-propellant Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM).[1]

Operational history

Deployed in 1971, the main land-based component of the French nuclear deterrent (force de dissuasion) was the S2 missile, rounding out their strategic nuclear triad along with air and submarine assets. Two groups totaling 18 S2 missile silos were deployed at Apt-Saint-Christol air base, on the Plateau d'Albion in the Vaucluse region.

The S2 was replaced by the S3 SSBS in the early 1980s.

References

  1. ^ SSBS S02 at Astronautix.com
  • Missile S2 on French Wikipedia
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