West Kilimanjaro language

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West Kilimanjaro
West Chaga
Native to Tanzania
Region Machame, Kilimanjaro Region
Ethnicity Chaga
Native speakers
(400,000 cited 1987–1992)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
jmc – Machame
rwk – Rwa
Glottolog west2852[2]
E.621 (ex-E.61,62a)[3]

West Kilimanjaro, or West Chaga, is a Bantu language of Tanzania spoken by the Chaga people.

There are several dialects:[3]

  • Rwa (Rwo, Meru, Kirwo), or Meru, from Mount Meru
  • Mashami (Kimashame), or "Hai" (Kihai)
  • Siha
  • Kiwoso (Kibosho including Kindi, Kombo, Mweka)
  • Masama
  • Ng’uni


  1. ^ Machame at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Rwa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "West Kilimanjaro". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online

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