Rutland County, Vermont

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Rutland County, Vermont
RutlandVT CourthouseAndBaptistChurch.jpg
Map of Vermont highlighting Rutland County
Location in the U.S. state of Vermont
Map of the United States highlighting Vermont
Vermont's location in the U.S.
Founded 1781
Largest town Rutland
Area
 • Total 945 sq mi (2,448 km2)
 • Land 930 sq mi (2,409 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (39 km2), 1.6%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 59,310
 • Density 66/sq mi (25/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Rutland County is a county located in the state of Vermont, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,642,[1] making it the second-most populous county in Vermont. Its county seat and most populous municipality is the city of Rutland.[2] It is named after the English county of Rutland.

History

Castleton University is located in Castleton, Vermont within Rutland County

On 16 February 1781 Rutland County was created from Bennington County.[3] From 26 June 1781 until 23 February 1782, Vermont attempted to annex part of New York east of the Hudson River (the so-called West Union); inhabitants in the area favored Vermont's township form of government, while Vermont hoped to gain bargaining power through expansion.[4] New York did not lose control of the area. For almost seven months Rutland County included part of Charlotte County (now Washington County), New York.[5]

In February 1783 Orange County gained the towns of Brookfield[6] and Randolph[7] and Windsor County gained the towns of Bethel[8] and Rochester[9] from Rutland. On 18 October 1785 Addison County was created from Rutland.[10]

On 27 February 1787 Windsor County gained the town of Stockbridge from Rutland,[11] then on 31 October 1792 Rutland gained from Windsor County when the town of Mount Holly was created from Jackson's Gore and the towns of Ludlow and Wallingford.[12] Windsor County gained Benton's Gore from Rutland on 2 March 1797.[13]

On 25 October 1805 Rutland County gained from Bennington County when the town of Mount Tabor gained from the town of Peru.[14] On 29 October 1806 Windsor County gained from Rutland County when the town of Rochester gained a small area from the town of Pittsfield.[15] On 15 November 1813 the county gained from Windsor County when the town of Pittsfield gained a small area from the town of Stockbridge, a change too small to appear on maps.[16] On 9 November 1814 Addison County gained from Rutland County when the town of Goshen gained from the town of Philadelphia.[17] On 22 October 1822 the county gained from Windsor County when the town of Pittsfield gained a small area from the town of Stockbridge.[18] On 3 November 1823 it gained from Windsor County again when the town of Shrewsbury gained a small area from the town of Plymouth.[19] On 15 November 1824 Windsor County gained from Rutland County when the town of Rochester gained a small area from the town of Pittsfield.[20] On 17 November 1825 Bennington County gained from the county when the town of Dorset gained a small area from the town of Mount Tabor.[21]

On 7 November 1839 the Legislature authorized Addison County to gain a small area from Rutland County when the town of Whiting was to gain from the town of Orwell. But there is no evidence that a change took effect.[22] Addison County gained the town of Orwell from Rutland County on 1 December 1847.[23] On 6 March 1855 Addison County gained another small area from the county when the town of Goshen gained "Clemens Land" from the town of Brandon.[24]

On 10 November 1870 the Legislature authorized Rutland County to gain a small area from Windsor County when the town of Mount Holly was to gain from the town of Weston. But there is no evidence that the change took effect.[25] On 7 April 1880 the county lost to Washington County, New York, when New York gained a small area west of the village of Fair Haven from Vermont due to a change in the course of the Poultney River, a change too small to see on most maps.[26] On 21 November 1884 Windsor County gained a small area from Rutland County when the town of Stockbridge gained Parker's Gore.[27] On 8 October 1895 Windsor County gained from the county when the town of Weston gained from the town of Mount Tabor.[28]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 945 square miles (2,450 km2), of which 930 square miles (2,400 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.6%) is water.[29] It is the second-largest county in Vermont by area. The primary stream of the county is Otter Creek, which runs through the county from the south to the north.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 15,590
1800 23,813 52.7%
1810 29,486 23.8%
1820 29,983 1.7%
1830 31,294 4.4%
1840 30,699 −1.9%
1850 33,059 7.7%
1860 35,946 8.7%
1870 40,651 13.1%
1880 41,829 2.9%
1890 45,397 8.5%
1900 44,209 −2.6%
1910 48,139 8.9%
1920 46,213 −4.0%
1930 48,453 4.8%
1940 45,638 −5.8%
1950 45,905 0.6%
1960 46,719 1.8%
1970 52,637 12.7%
1980 58,347 10.8%
1990 62,142 6.5%
2000 63,400 2.0%
2010 61,642 −2.8%
Est. 2016 59,310 [30] −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[31]
1790–1960[32] 1900–1990[33]
1990–2000[34] 2010–2016[1]

As of the 2010 census, there were 61,642 people, 25,984 households, and 16,018 families residing in the county.[35] The population density was 66.3 inhabitants per square mile (25.6/km2). There were 33,768 housing units at an average density of 36.3 per square mile (14.0/km2).[36] The racial makeup of the county was 97.1% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population.[35]

Of the 25,984 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, and 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 44.3 years.[35]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,027 and the median income for a family was $58,790. Males had a median income of $40,638 versus $34,580 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,426. About 8.1% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.[37]

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[38]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 42.1% 12,479 46.0% 13,635 11.8% 3,501
2012 37.9% 10,835 59.7% 17,088 2.4% 686
2008 36.6% 11,584 61.2% 19,355 2.1% 678
2004 46.6% 14,440 51.3% 15,904 2.0% 631
2000 46.1% 13,546 47.7% 13,990 6.2% 1,826
1996 36.5% 9,934 48.6% 13,230 14.9% 4,065
1992 35.2% 10,963 41.2% 12,829 23.6% 7,352
1988 55.2% 14,482 43.8% 11,496 1.1% 283
1984 61.0% 15,236 38.2% 9,545 0.8% 204
1980 46.0% 11,142 39.6% 9,596 14.4% 3,496
1976 53.0% 11,565 45.2% 9,868 1.8% 386
1972 62.7% 14,143 36.6% 8,261 0.7% 159
1968 51.3% 10,318 44.7% 9,000 4.0% 809
1964 35.1% 7,165 64.9% 13,241
1960 56.8% 12,166 43.2% 9,246
1956 73.8% 14,570 26.2% 5,165
1952 70.0% 13,980 29.9% 5,970 0.2% 36
1948 60.6% 10,206 38.3% 6,452 1.2% 195
1944 57.3% 9,544 42.7% 7,111
1940 55.0% 10,829 44.7% 8,798 0.3% 54
1936 52.9% 10,794 46.8% 9,543 0.3% 54
1932 54.2% 10,821 44.7% 8,924 1.0% 206
1928 59.4% 12,621 40.5% 8,609 0.2% 32
1924 74.3% 10,642 17.3% 2,477 8.4% 1,201
1920 73.1% 8,940 26.1% 3,192 0.8% 97
1916 66.4% 5,926 31.2% 2,785 2.5% 221
1912 36.0% 2,999 25.0% 2,079 39.0% 3,246[39]
1908 75.7% 5,643 20.7% 1,542 3.6% 269
1904 77.1% 5,772 18.3% 1,367 4.6% 345
1900 74.7% 5,901 23.7% 1,874 1.6% 129
1896 78.0% 6,794 19.1% 1,661 2.9% 255
1892 66.5% 5,210 31.0% 2,426 2.5% 199
1888 68.6% 6,088 27.2% 2,417 4.2% 373

Transportation

Air

The Rutland – Southern Vermont Regional Airport is located just south of Rutland city in North Clarendon. It is a commercial airport providing three flights daily to Boston.

Rail

Passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak via the Ethan Allen Express which connects Rutland with Albany and New York City. There are two train stations in Rutland County served by this route: the Castleton station and Rutland station.

Bus

"The Bus" in Rutland city

The Marble Valley Regional Transit District provides "The Bus" with service to the city of Rutland and the towns of Rutland, West Rutland, Castleton, Fair Haven, Poultney, Proctor, and Killington, as well as commuter service to Ludlow, Middlebury and Manchester.

Premier Coach's Vermont Translines serves Rutland daily with two intercity bus connections between Burlington, Lebanon, New Hampshire and Albany, New York in a partnership with Greyhound.[40] They also serve Wallingford, Brandon, Mendon and Killington along the two routes.

Highway

  • US 4.svg U.S. Route 4 enters Rutland County in Fair Haven from the west. It continues east as a four-lane expressway for 19 miles to Rutland city with 6 exits serving Fair Haven, Castleton, and Rutland. It then continues east from Rutland through Killington into Windsor County.
  • US 7.svg U.S. Route 7 enters Rutland County from the south in the town of Mount Tabor and continues north through Wallingford and Clarendon to Rutland city. For 10 miles south of Rutland, Route 7 is a divided highway. It then continues north through Pittsford and Brandon before entering Addison County.
  • Vermont 3.svg Vermont Route 3 is a 7.8 north-south highway that extends north from Rutland Center through Proctor and into Pittsford terminating at US Route 7.
  • Vermont 4A.svg Vermont Route 4A is the old alignment of US Route 4 and parallels that highway from Fair Haven through Castleton before terminating in West Rutland.
  • Vermont 22A.svg Vermont Route 22A is a north-south highway entering the county in Fair Haven from the New York state line and passing through West Haven and Benson before continuing into Addison County.
  • Vermont 30.svg Vermont Route 30 is a north-south highway entering the county in Pawlet from Bennington County and continuing north through Poultney, Castleton, Hubbardton, and Sudbury before continuing into Addison County.
  • Vermont 31.svg Vermont Route 31 is a 5.5 mile highway from the New York state line in Wells to the village of Poultney.
  • Ellipse sign 53.svg Vermont Route 53 is a short north-south highway that extends north from Route 73 in the Brandon village of Forestdale toward Lake Dunmore in Addison County.
  • Vermont 73.svg Vermont Route 73 is an east-west highway extending from the county line with Addison County through Sudbury and Brandon and then returning to Addison County.
  • Vermont 100.svg Vermont Route 100 is a north-south highway entering from Windsor County to the south through Killington and then returning to Windsor County.
  • Vermont 103.svg Vermont Route 103 is a north-south highway entering from Windsor County to the south in Mount Holly and extending north through Wallingford and Clarendon before terminating at Route 7.
  • Vermont 133.svg Vermont Route 133 is a 22-mile north-south highway completely within Rutland County. It extends north from Pawlet through Middletown Springs and Tinmouth before terminating at Vermont 4A in West Rutland.
  • Vermont 140.svg Vermont Route 140 is an east-west highway crossing the county east from Poultney through Middletown Springs, Tinmouth, and Wallingford before terminating at Route 103 in Mount Holly.
  • Ellipse sign 144.svg Vermont Route 144 is a 6.8 mile east-west highway extending from Route 22A in Benson through Hubbardton past Lake Hortonia before terminating at Route 30 in Sudbury.
  • Vermont 149.svg Vermont Route 149 is an east-west highway extending from the New York state line for only 1.3 miles to Vermont 30 in Pawlet.
  • Vermont 155.svg Vermont Route 155 is a north-south highway continuing north from Windsor County in the town of Mount Holly and then terminating in Wallingford at Route 103.

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Villages

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Vermont State Papers, 13:5-6.
  4. ^ Vt. State Papers, 13:45-46; Newton, 83-87; Williamson, C., 101-102.
  5. ^ Vt. State Papers, 3, pt. 2: 67-68.
  6. ^ Vt. State Papers, 13:174.
  7. ^ Vt. Laws 1783 in Vt. State Papers, 13: 191.
  8. ^ Vt. State Papers, 3, pt. 2:155.
  9. ^ Vt. State Papers, 13:183.
  10. ^ Vt. State Papers, 14:33-34.
  11. ^ Vt. State Papers, 14:173-175.
  12. ^ Vt. State Papers, 15:88-90.
  13. ^ McCarty, "Evolution," 122-123; Vt. Laws, Revised and Passed 1797, ch. 6/pp. 129-133.
  14. ^ McCarty, "Evolution," 134; Vt. Laws 1805, ch. 15/pp. 19-20.
  15. ^ Vt. Laws 1806, ch. 28/pp. 36-37.
  16. ^ Vt. Laws 1813, ch. 102/p. 144.
  17. ^ Vt. Laws 1814, ch. 96/pp. 111-112.
  18. ^ Vt. Laws 1822, ch. 37/p. 36.
  19. ^ Vt. Laws 1823, ch. 2/pp. 3-4.
  20. ^ Vt. Laws 1824, ch. 14/p. 16.
  21. ^ McCarty, "Evolution," 140; Vt. Laws 1825, no 18/p. 25; Vt. Laws 1832, no. 25/p. 25.
  22. ^ Vt. Laws 1839, no. 37/pp. 87-88.
  23. ^ Vt. Laws 1847, no. 8/p. 7.
  24. ^ Vt. Laws 1854, no. 61, sec. 3/p. 59.
  25. ^ Vt. Laws 1870, no. 292/pp. 572-573.
  26. ^ Vt. Laws 1876, no. 201/p. 380; U.S. Stat., vol. 21, ch. 49 [1880]/p. 72; Van Zandt, 65.
  27. ^ Vt. Laws 1884, no. 262/p. 270.
  28. ^ "Weston v. Mount Tabor."
  29. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  30. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  31. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  32. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  33. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  34. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  35. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  36. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  37. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  38. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  39. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 2,927 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 240 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 79 votes.
  40. ^ "VT TRANSLINES BUS SCHEDULE". Vermont Translines. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 

External links

  • Rutland County Chamber of Commerce
  • National Register of Historic Places listing for Rutland Co., Vermont
  • National Association of Counties for Rutland Co., Vermont
  • Census Bureau Quick Facts for Rutland Co., Vermont

Coordinates: 43°34′N 73°02′W / 43.57°N 73.04°W / 43.57; -73.04

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