1991 Russian presidential referendum

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All-Russia referendum about introduction of a post of the President of the RSFSR
Do You consider it necessary to introduce the post of President of the RSFSR elected by popular vote?
Location Russian SFSR
Date 17 March 1991
Votes %
Yes 53,385,275 71.38%
No 21,406,152 28.62%
Valid votes 74,791,427 97.86%
Invalid or blank votes 1,633,683 2.14%
Total votes 76,425,110 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 101,776,550 75.1%
Results by county
1991 Russian presidential referendum.svg
  Yes     No
This article is part of a series on the
Politics of the
Russian Federation
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A referendum on creating the post of President of Russia was held in Russia on 17 March 1991.[1] The referendum was held alongside a referendum of the preservation of USSR. Prior to the referendum, the Russian head of state was the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR, elected by the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian SFSR. With 71.4% of voters approving the proposal, the post of President of the Russian SFSR was introduced, and two months later Boris Yeltsin was elected as the first president.


Do you consider it necessary to introduce the post of President of the RSFSR elected by popular vote?[2][3]


Choice Votes %
For 53,385,275 71.4
Against 21,406,152 28.6
Invalid/blank votes 1,633,683
Total 76,425,110 100
Registered voters/turnout 101,776,550 75.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver



  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1642 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1647
  3. ^ Сообщение Центральной комиссии РСФСР по проведению референдумов Archived 2012-01-08 at the Wayback Machine.
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