Russian presidential election, 1991

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Russian presidential election, 1991

12 June 1991 1996 (Russian Federation) →
Turnout 74.7%

  Boris Yeltsin Nikolai Ryzhkov
Nominee Boris Yeltsin Nikolai Ryzhkov
Party Independent CPSU
Running mate Alexander Rutskoy Boris Gromov
Popular vote 45,552,041 13,359,335
Percentage 58.6% 17.2%

  Vladimir Zhirinovsky Aman Tuleyev
Nominee Vladimir Zhirinovsky Aman Tuleyev
Party LDP Independent
Running mate Andrey Zavidiya Viktor Bocharov
Popular vote 6,211,007 5,417,464
Percentage 8.0% 7.0%

1991 Russian presidential election map by federal subjects.svg
Winner by federal subject.
  Boris Yeltsin
  Nikolai Ryzhkov
  Aman Tuleyev

Elected President

Boris Yeltsin

Voter invitation card for the election

Presidential elections were held in the Russian SFSR on 12 June 1991.[1] They were the first presidential elections in the country's history and followed a referendum in March of that year on directly electing a president. The result was a victory for Boris Yeltsin, who received 58.6% of the vote.[2] Although Yeltsin ran as an independent, he was supported by Democratic Russia.[3]

Electoral system

In contrast to the subsequent elections, a Vice President stood for election together with the President. Similarly to the US presidential election system, the candidature of Vice President was exhibited along with the candidacy of the President as a joint entry on the ballot paper.

Despite the fact that four candidates were members of the Communist Party, Nikolai Ryzhkov was the only one nominated officially, the others participating in the elections as self-nominated candidates.


Presidential candidate Vice Presidential candidate Party Votes %
Boris Yeltsin Alexander Rutskoy Independent 45,552,041 58.6
Nikolai Ryzhkov Boris Gromov Communist Party of the Soviet Union 13,395,335 17.2
Vladimir Zhirinovsky Andrey Zavidiya Liberal Democratic Party of the Soviet Union 6,211,007 8.0
Aman Tuleyev Viktor Bocharov Independent 5,417,464 7.0
Albert Makashov Aleksei Sergeyev Independent 2,969,511 3.8
Vadim Bakatin Ramazan Abdulatipov Independent 2,719,757 3.5
Against all 1,525,410 2.0
Invalid/blank votes 1,716,757
Total 79,507,282 100
Registered voters/turnout 106,484,518 74.7
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex, Voice of Russia


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1642 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1659
  3. ^ Presidential elections in Russia Voice of Russia
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