2021 Russian legislative election

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2021 Russian legislative election

← 2016 At the latest 19 September 2021 2026 →

All 450 seats to the State Duma
226 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  Dmitry Medvedev 2016.jpg Gennady Zyuganov Moscow asv2018-01 (cropped).jpg Vladimir Zhirinovsky 2015-06-29.jpg
Leader Dmitry Medvedev Gennady Zyuganov Vladimir Zhirinovsky
Party United Russia Communist Party LDPR
Leader since 26 May 2012 14 February 1993 12 April 1991
Leader's seat None [a 1] No. 1 in Federal List No. 1 in Federal List
Last election 343 seats, 54.2% 42 seats, 13.3% 39 seats, 13.1%
Current seats 340 43 39
Seats needed Steady Increase 183 Increase 187

  Sergey Mironov 2014-05-01 1.jpg
Leader Sergey Mironov Aleksey Zhuravlyov Rifat Shaykhutdinov
Party A Just Russia Rodina Civic Platform
Leader since 27 October 2013 29 September 2012 17 April 2015
Leader's seat No. 1 in Federal List Anna Neftekamsk
Last election 23 seats, 6.2% 1 seat, 1.51% 1 seat, 0.2%
Current seats 23 1 1
Seats needed Increase 203 Increase 225 Increase 225

Incumbent Chairman

Vyacheslav Volodin
United Russia

Legislative elections will be held in Russia no later than 19 September 2021 to elect the 450 seats the 8th convocation of the State Duma, the lower house of the Federal Assembly. Going into the elections, United Russia is the ruling party after winning the 2016 elections with 54.2% of the vote and 343 seats.

The election day is the third Sunday of the month in which the constitutional term for which the State Duma of the 7th convocation was elected expires. The constitutional term for which the State Duma is elected is calculated from the date of its election. The day of election of the State Duma is the day of voting, as a result of which it was elected in the authorized composition. In case of early dissolution of the State Duma, the President must call snap election. The election day in this case should be the last Sunday before the day when three months from the date of dissolution of the State Duma expire.[1]


After the 2016 elections, the United Russia party was the most popular party, its rating ranged from 40% to 55%, while the rating of the main opposition parties (Communist and Liberal Democratic parties) almost did not exceed 10%, and the rating of A Just Russia party was less than 5%, this is not enough to go to the state Duma, as the minimum threshold is 5%.

In June 2018, after Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev announced a reform to raise the retirement age, the rating of the ruling United Russia party fell sharply and currently fluctuates around 35%. At the same time, the Communist Party rating has grown and currently ranges from 15% to 20%. The rating of A Just Russia has also increased, but still it remains relatively small and fluctuates around 5%, which is why the party still risks not to go to the State Duma in the elections. The rating of the liberal democratic party, remains constant and fluctuates around 10%. Among the non-parliamentary parties, there are no parties with a sufficient rating to pass to the State Duma, no party can score more than 1%.

Electoral system

Under current election laws, the State Duma is elected for a term of five years, with parallel voting. Half of the seats (225) are elected by party-list proportional representation with a 5% electoral threshold, with the other half elected in 225 single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting.[2]

In the proportional part, candidates can be nominated only by political parties. The lists of parties must include at least 200 and no more than 400 candidates. The list may also include candidates who are not members of the party, but their number should not exceed 50% of the number of candidates on the list. The party list of candidates should be divided into federal and regional parts. The regional part includes regional groups of candidates corresponding to the group of bordering federal subjects. The number of regional groups must be at least 35. No more than ten candidates may be included in the federal part of the list of candidates. The regional parts of the party list should cover the entire territory of Russia.[3]

In the majoritarian part, candidates can be nominated both by political parties and in the order of self-nomination. The political party must provide a list of candidates to the Central Election Commission, and the list must contain the name and number of the constituencies in which each candidate will run. Documents of candidates-self-nominees, unlike candidates from political parties, have to submit applications to District Election Commissions.[4] For registration, the self-nominated candidate must collect at least 3% of the signatures of voters residing in the constituency (or at least 3,000 signatures if the constituency has less than 100,000 voters).[5]

One and the same candidate can be nominated both in the party list and in the single-member constituency, however, in the case of its passage to the State Duma and the party list and in the single-member constituency, he will need to give up one of the places (usually refuse the seat received on the party list, as in this case the party does not lose this seat and simply will give another candidate).


As of 15 June 2018, 63 political parties can participate in the elections.[6] At the same time, parties represented in the State Duma, parties that received more than 3% of the vote in the previous elections or are represented at least in one of the regional parliaments are allowed to contest in the elections without collecting signatures. Other parties need to collect signatures to participate in the elections. The official list of parties entitled to participate in the elections without collection of signatures will be announced before the election, but at the moment, there are only 14 such parties.[7][8]

Parties represented in the State Duma

Party Party leader Leader since Leader's seat Ideology 2016 election Current seats
United Russia Dmitry Medvedev 26 May 2012 None [a 1] National conservatism / Statism / Russian nationalism 54.2%
343 / 450
340 / 450
Communist Party of the Russian Federation Gennady Zyuganov 14 February 1993 No. 1 in Federal List Communism / Marxism–Leninism 13.4%
42 / 450
43 / 450
Liberal Democratic Party of Russia Vladimir Zhirinovsky 12 April 1991 No. 1 in Federal List Russian nationalism / Pan-Slavism 13.2%
39 / 450
39 / 450
A Just Russia Sergey Mironov 27 October 2013 No. 1 in Federal List Socialism of the 21st century / Social democracy / Democratic socialism 6.2%
23 / 450
23 / 450
Rodina Aleksey Zhuravlyov 29 September 2012 Anna Russian nationalism / National conservatism 1.51%
1 / 450
1 / 450
Civic Platform Rifat Shaykhutdinov 17 April 2015 Neftekamsk Economic liberalism / Liberal conservatism 0.2%
1 / 450
1 / 450

Parties represented in the Regional Parliaments

Parties represented in regional parliaments, which can also participate in legislative elections without collecting signatures (the list does not include parties already represented in the State Duma).

Party Party leader Leader since Ideology 2016 election
Communists of Russia Maxim Suraykin 22 April 2012 Communism / Marxism–Leninism 2.3%
Yabloko Emilia Slabunova 20 December 2015 Social liberalism / Pro-Europeanism / Social democracy 2.0%
Russian Party of Pensioners for Social Justice Vladimir Burakov 29 July 2016 Social conservatism 1.8%
Party of Growth Boris Titov 4 July 2016 Liberal conservatism 1.3%
Russian Ecological Party "The Greens" Anatoly Panfilov 6 July 2016 Environmentalism / Centrism / Green politics 0.8%
People's Freedom Party Mikhail Kasyanov 2 July 2016 Conservative liberalism / Liberal democracy / Pro-Europeanism 0.7%
Patriots of Russia Gennady Semigin 20 April 2005 Social democracy / Democratic socialism / Left-wing nationalism 0.6%
Civilian Power Kirill Bykanin 8 July 2016 Liberalism 0.1%

Public expression of interest

Opinion polls

Opinion polling (WCIOM)
Opinion polling (WCIOM)



  1. ^ Федеральный закон от 22.02.2014 N 20-ФЗ (ред. от 04.06.2018) "О выборах депутатов Государственной Думы Федерального Собрания Российской Федерации" Статья 5. Назначение выборов депутатов Государственной Думы
  2. ^ Федеральный закон "О выборах депутатов Государственной Думы Федерального Собрания Российской Федерации" от 22.02.2014 N 20-ФЗ (последняя редакция)
  3. ^ Статья 39. Выдвижение федерального списка кандидатов
  4. ^ Статья 40. Выдвижение политической партией кандидатов по одномандатным избирательным округам
  5. ^ Статья 45. Сбор подписей избирателей
  7. ^ Федеральный закон от 22.02.2014 N 20-ФЗ (ред. от 28.12.2016, с изм. от 13.04.2017) "О выборах депутатов Государственной Думы Федерального Собрания Российской Федерации" Статья 44. Поддержка выдвижения федеральных списков кандидатов, кандидатов
  8. ^ Сведения о политических партиях, выдвижение которыми кандидатов, списков кандидатов не требует сбора подписей избирателей
  9. ^ Ведомости (2018-01-18). "Собчак собралась участвовать в выборах в Госдуму в 2021 году". Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  10. ^ Дмитрий Гудков и Ксения Собчак создадут "Партию перемен"
  11. ^ Полонский намерен победить в президентской гонке в 2024 году
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